Fundamental of Nursing Exam 2 practice questions Flashcards

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Exam 2 Practice questions
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During a well-child visit, the nurse observes a 3-year-old girl who climbs up into her father’s lap and says, “I am going to marry you when I grow up, Daddy.” What determination does the nurse make about this observation?

This child is experiencing the Electra complex which is normal at this age.


As the nurse is preparing an immunization for a male client 2 years of age, his mother discovers that he has soiled his underpants. She scolds him and calls him a “bad boy” because he “dirtied” his underwear. The nurse gives the immunization and provides some education to the mother about appropriate expectations for this age group. The nurse knows that according to Erikson’s theory for this client's age group, he is at risk to develop which of the following?

Shame and doubt


Newborns are capable of activities such as grasping objects and displaying basic reflexes. To which of the following of Piaget's cognitive developmental stages do the newborns belong?



What are the two factors that drive growth and development?

Genetics and Environment


A student nurse is assisting the school nurse with a health fair at a middle school. The student nurse assesses the students’ height and weight as they file through her station, where she observes that there is a large variation in physical size and emotional maturity. Which of the following factors may affect physical growth of children? Choose all that apply.

  • Physical activity, Prenatal nutrition, Heredity


A mother, 13 years of age, delivers a low-birth-weight neonate. The neonate is transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit. The mother reports receiving occasional prenatal care and has a history of excessive alcohol consumption. The growth and development of this neonate has been influenced by which of the following?

Prenatal factors


Which developmental theorist created the psychosocial theory of development?



A client says, “I thought my period was late because I was drinking heavily and did cocaine a couple of times lately. But my pregnancy test is positive and I am scared about what I may have done to the baby.” What information should the nurse provide about the possible effects of substance use on the baby? Select all that apply.

  • “There is a risk the baby will be born with a low birth weight.”
  • “Your baby may be born prematurely.”
  • “There is a risk for birth defects in the baby.


A nurse is working in a pediatric clinic. The parent has brought in the 2-year-old toddler for a well-child checkup. The parent asks what the common health problems are common for this age. The nurse's correct reply includes which of the following?



The nurse is caring for a boy 4 years of age who has gone through painful surgery. During the hospitalization, the child has been wetting his bed. The child’s mother expresses dismay and anger, saying that her son has been toilet trained for over a year. The nurse needs to recall which of the following general principles of growth and development when responding to the mother?

Anticipate possible regression during difficult periods.


According to Havighurst, learning behaviors are based upon developmental tasks. In assessing an adult patient, the nurse is aware that a common developmental task of middle adulthood includes:

assisting children to become responsible adults.


A nursing student is visiting a day care to observe growth and development in action. The nursing student completes screening assessments on preschoolers who are learning to feed, dress, and toilet themselves, as well as expanding their motor and verbal abilities. According to Piaget, in what development stage are they?



The school nurse is teaching growth and development in a health class. What should the nurse teach the students about development?

It is the process of ongoing change


The nurse is seeing a male client 6 years of age in the clinic. As the nurse is measuring height and weight for the client, his mother comments on how coordinated he is becoming. The nurse knows that this increase in coordination is which of the following?

Related to development


A 25-year-old client is a college graduate and is married with one child. During a wellness visit, the client confides, “I just feel like something is missing from my life. Maybe I need to make a career change.” How would the nurse familiar with Levenson and associates’ theory of development interpret this statement?

As a normal finding for a client at this stage of development.


A mother asks about her preschooler’s sleep habits. Which teaching points should the nurse review with the mother? Select all that apply.

  • Sleep can occur for an average of 12 hours per night
  • Naps should become less during this phase
  • Some children may not require a nap


The nurse is seeing 6-year-old Patrick in the clinic. As the nurse is measuring height and weight for Patrick, his mother comments on how much he has grown since his last checkup. The nurse knows that this increase in size is which of the following?



The nurse is providing prenatal education for a group of pregnant teenagers. The nurse talks about substance use during pregnancy and relates that use to which possible newborn consequences? Select all that apply

  • Premature birth
  • Congenital anomalies
  • Low birth weight


A nurse is observing a child pick up a rattler and shake it to hear a sound. The nurse understands that the child is considered to be in which of the following of Piaget’s Cognitive Development stages?

Sensorimotor stage


Typically based on specific physical characteristics such as skin pigmentation, body stature, facial features, and hair texture.

Racial Categories