Fundamental of Nursing Exam 1 practice questions Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 3 years ago by Sandyb89
269 views
Exam 1 practice question
updated 3 years ago by Sandyb89
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:

1

To meet the aims of nursing practice, the nurse uses four blended competence:_____, Technical, Interpersonal, and Ethical/legal

Cognitive

2

What type of activity is Assessing, Diagnosing, Planning, Implementing, and Evaluating?

Nursing process

3

Nursing theory and nursing research provide a foundation for _____-based nursing practice that defines the rationale for nursing actions.

Evidence

4

Health promotion activities that are a framework for nursing activities are considered _______centered

Patient

5

Promoting health, preventing illness, restoring health, and facilitate coping with disability or death are examples of?

Nursing broad aims

6

True or False: Reciprocity is the process that allows a nurse to apply for and be endorsed as a registered nurse by another state

True

7

In what time period did nursing care as we know it begin?

eighteenth to nineteenth century

8

The primary aim of the healthy people 2030 initiative is?

Health Promotion

9

What is the correct order for the timeline?

2) Nurses were portrayed as mothers, caring for family and delivering physical care and health remedies

4) Nurses were viewed as slaves, carrying the menial tasks based on the orders of the priest

5)There was a shortage of nurses, criminals were recruited as nurses; nursing was viewed as disrespectful

1)Florence nightingale elevated nursing to a respected occupation and founded modern methods in nursing education

3) efforts were made to upgrade nursing education and women were more assertive and independent

6) nursing was broadened in all areas and practice in a wide variety of settings; nursing became a profession

2,4,5,1,3,6

10

Illnesses defined as ______ are the leading health problem in the world today

Chronic

11

True or false: Illness is a medical term meaning that there is a pathologic change in the structure or function of the body or mind

False

12

A family history of cancer is considered a ______ risk factor for illness

Nonmodifiable

13

True or False: An example of a health disparity is the higher incidence of diabetes in the African American and Hispanic populations compared to the White population

True

14

Chronic illnesses usually have a slow onset and many have periods of _____ (when the disease is present, but the person does not experience symptoms)

Remission

15

True or false: Diet, Excercise, and weight loss are examples of primary health promotion?

True

16

True or False: Each person defines health in terms on one's own value and beliefs

True

17

Physical therapy after a stroke is an example of ______ level of preventive care

Tertiary

18

A person's economic level, lifestyle, family, and culture are components of the ______ human dimension

Sociocultural

19

The agent-host-environment model of health views health as constantly changing state, with high-level wellness and death being on opposite end of scale

False

20

True or False: The orientation phase, working phase, and termination phase are all part of the nurse-patient relationship?

True

21

Defined nursing as both an art and a science, differentiated nursing from medicine, created freestanding nursing education; published books about nursing and health care; is regarded as the founder of modern nursing

Florence Nightingale

22

Assess resources, strengths, weaknesses, coping behavior, and the environment to assist the client to regain health and function independently is what type of nurse?

Care Provider

23

Defines as “the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, facilitation of healing, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, groups, communities, and populations”

Nursing

24

The effective use of skills in organization, communication, and advocacy to facilitate the functions of all members of the health care team as they provide patient care is what type of nurse?

Collaborator

25

The protection of human or legal rights and the securing of care for all patients based on the belief that patients have the right to make informed decisions about their own health and lives is what type of nurse?

Advocate

26

The participation in or conduct of research to increase knowledge in nursing and improve patient care is the role of what type of nurse?

Researcher

27

The assertive, self-confident practice of nursing when providing care, effecting change, and functioning with groups is what type of nurse?

Leader

28

The use of therapeutic interpersonal communication skills to provide information, make appropriate referrals, and facilitate the patient’s problem-solving and decision-making skills is what type of nurse?

Counselor

29

The use of communication skills to assess, implement, and evaluate individualized teaching plans to meet the learning needs of patients and their families is what type of nurse?

Teacher/educator

30

The use of effective interpersonal and therapeutic communication skills to establish and maintain helping relationships with patients of all ages in a wide variety of health care settings is what type of nurse?

Communicator

31

The primary role of nurses is?

Caregiver

32

Helps to assist patients and their families in multiple settings in preparing for death and in living as comfortably as possible until death occurs.

Hospice programs

33

American Association of Colleges of Nursing

AACN

34

The legal authority to practice as a nursing professional is?

Licensure

35

Established to teach graduates to give bedside nursing care to patients.

Practical/vocational nursing programs

36

A student acquiring knowledge of theory and practice related to nursing and other disciplines, provide nursing care to individuals and groups, work with members of the health care team, use research to improve practice, and have a foundation for graduate study?

Baccalaureate in Nursing

37

This is required for an RN to maintain licensure?

Continuing education

38

Many hospitals and health care facilities provide education and training for employees of their institution or organization through?

In-Service Education

39

It advances the nursing profession by fostering high standards of nursing practice, promoting a safe and ethical work environment, bolstering the health and wellness of nurses, and advocating on health care issues that affect nurses and the public.

ANA

40

Assessing, diagnosing, planning, implementing, and evaluating are forms of?

Nursing Process

41

True or false: STOPS—Stop and take a step back; T—Take a few breaths; O—Observe inside yourself; P—Proceed after you pause, is said to be a technique to reduce stress and be able to respond more skillfully during challenging times.

True

42

Is the part of nursing practice passed down from generation to generation.

Traditional Knowledge

43

When a senior staff nurse teaches a new graduate nurse a more efficient method of doing a technical procedure, such as inserting an intravenous catheter.

Authoritative knowledge

44

knowledge obtained through the implying of thorough research

Scientific Knowledge

45

Outlines the process of growth and development of humans as orderly and predictable, beginning with conception and ending with death.

Developmental theory

46

the adjustment of living matter to other living things and to environmental conditions.

Adaptation Theory

47

A problem-solving approach to making clinical decisions, using the best evidence available

Evidence-based practice

48

What is the correct order for implementing EBP?

1) Integrate/practice

2) Collect data

3) What is the problem (Ask a question)

4) Evaluate

5) Analyze research

6) Educate on results

3,2,5,1,4,6

49

A student nurse asks an experienced nurse why it is necessary to change the patient’s bed every day. The nurse answers: “I guess we have just always done it that way.” This answer is an example of what type of knowledge?

Traditional knowledge

50

Address nursing interventions and are designed to control, promote, and change clinical nursing practice.

Prescriptive theories

51

Describes how to break whole things into parts and then to learn how the parts work together in “systems.”

General System theory

52

Describe a phenomenon, an event, a situation, or a relationship

Descriptive theory

53

Outlines the process of growth and development of humans as orderly and predictable, beginning with conception and ending with death.

Developmental Theory

54

A nurse manager schedules a clinic for the staff to address common nursing interventions used in the facility and to explore how they can be performed more efficiently and effectively. The nurse manager’s actions to change clinical practice are an example of a situation described by which nursing theory?

Presciptive theory

55

The health of the public is measured globally by (how frequently a disease occurs)

Morbidity

56

the number of deaths resulting from covid is an example of

Mortality

57

Which of the following will help guide the legal actions when a nurse is providing patient care

Nurse practice act

58

Inherited genetic defects, Developmental defects resulting from exposure to such factors as viruses or chemicals during pregnancy, Biologic agents or toxins, Physical agents such as temperature, chemicals, and radiation, Generalized tissue responses to injury or irritation, Physiologic and emotional reactions to stress, Excessive or insufficient production of body secretions (hormones, enzymes, and so forth) are all examples of?

Common causes of disease

59

Someone who seeks out a health care provider for diagnosis and treatment is considered to be in which stage of illness behavior?

Stage 2 (Illness behavior)

60

Someone experiencing a rash, fever, bleeding, or a cough is said to be in which stage of illness behavior?

Stage 1 (Illness behavior)

61

Put the stages of Illness behavior in order.

1) Assuming the sick role

2) Achieving recovery and rehabilitation

3) Assuming a dependent role

4) Experiencing symptoms

4,1,3,2

62

Someone who requires assistance in carrying out activities of daily living, and needs emotional support through acceptance, approval, physical closeness, and protection is said to be in which stage of illness behavior?

Stage 3 (Illness behavior)

63

Someone who resumes normal activities and responsibilities is said to be in what stage in illness behavior?

Stage 4 (Illness behavior)

64

_______ dimension includes genetic inheritance, age, developmental level, race, and biological sex.

Physical

65

How someone handles stress in a life situation will be what dimension?

Emotional

66

When little kids start learning their ABC's is an example of what dimension?

Interlectual

67

A person’s economic level, lifestyle, family, and culture would be an example of what dimension?

Sociocultural

68

someone whose religion prohibits the intake of pork and shellfish would be an example of what dimension?

Spiritual

69

A nurse giving a lecture at a women's shelter about birth control is showing what type of behavior?

Primary Health promotion and illness prevention

70

Behaviors motivated by a desire to avoid or detect disease or to maintain functioning within the constraints of an illness or disability?

Health promotion

71

Someone who goes to the dentist for a regular 6 months cleaning is showing what type of behavior?

Secondary Health promotion and illness prevention

72

Someone going to physical therapy would be an example of what?

Tertiary Health promotion and illness prevention

73

Someone who stops smoking after being told that they have lung cancer is showing what type of health belief?

Perceived seriousness of a disease

74

Someone who decides to go vegan after being told by their physician that they are overweight and at risk of being diabetic is showing an example of what type of health belief?

Perceived benefits of action

75

A woman who has a family history of breast cancer goes to get a mammogram is showing an example of what health belief?

Perceived of susceptibility of a disease

76
card image

This model views health as a constantly changing state, with high-level wellness and death at opposite ends of a graduated scale?

Health–Illness Continuum

77

This model views the interaction between an external agent, a susceptible host, and the environment as causes of disease in a person

Agent-host-environment

78

Smoking drug or alcohol abuse, and poor diet are examples of what?

Negative health belief

79

The nurse uses the agent–host–environment model of health and illness to assess diseases in patients. This model is based on what concept?

Risk factors

80

These are examples of what?

  • It takes priority over other desires and needs when unmet.
  • The person feels something is missing when the need is unmet.
  • The person feels satisfaction when the need is met.

Basic needs

81

Developed a hierarchy of basic human needs that describes which needs of a person are the most important at any given time

Abraham Maslow

82
card image

This is a model of?

Maslow’s hierarchy of basic human needs

83

Someone who is having trouble breathing is an example of what needs according to Maslow's hierarchy?

Physiological

84

A child who is afraid to go home is showing an example of what needs according to Maslow's hierarchy?

Safety and security

85

A mother hugging her daughter is showing an example of what needs according to Maslow's hierarchy?

Love and belonging

86

Someone deciding to go to law school is an example of what needs according to Maslow's hierarchy?

Self-actualization

87

A female who always wears heels because of her height is showing an example of what needs according to Maslow's hierarchy?

Self-esteem

88

Which is in order from a lower level to a higher level according to Maslow's hierarchy?

A) Safety and security, Physiological, love and belonging, self-esteem, self-actualization

B) Physiological, self-actualization, love and belonging, safety and security, self-esteem

C) Physiological, safety and security, love and belonging, self-esteem, self-actualization

D) Self-actualization, self-esteem, love and belonging, safety and security, physiological

C

89

Which one is an example of external variables?

A) Family practice, cultural, socioeconomic, positive health belief, negative health belief

B) Family practice, spiritual, socioeconomic, positive health belief, negative health belief

C) Spiritual, environmental, socioeconomic, positive health belief, negative health belief

D) Family practice, environmental, socioeconomic, positive health belief, negative health belief

A

90

This agency regulates licenses, practices, schools, and programs

Board of nursing

91

Technical competence, interpersonal skills, interpersonal skills, moral standards, concerns for the welfare of others are examples of what?

Characteristics

92

This agency offers accreditation process to nursing education programs at all levels?

National League of Nursing

93

Telling the truth

Veracity

94

This agency prohibits discrimination on bases of disability

ADA

95

True or false: assault, battery, and false imprisonment are examples of unintentional torts?

False

96

Which one is an example of verbal communication skills?

A) Pace, intonation, brevity, timing, relevance, clarity, Vocabulary

B) Pace, intonation, brevity, posture, volume, clarity, adaptability

C) Brevity, clarity, pace, timing, relevance, brevity, vocabulary

D) Clarity, pace, channel, response, relevance, clarity, adaptability

A

97

Lets the client organize thoughts, feelings, consider the topic, or think through points are examples of?

Silence

98

True or False: body language, touch, eye contacts, facial expressions, gait, postures, gestures, physical appearance, sounds, and silence are non-verbal communication?

True

99

Quality and safety education for nurses

QSEN

100

Situation, background, assessment, and recommendation

SBAR