Personality Flashcards


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created 3 years ago by BreeBree_Cotton
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1

Jeremy’s college roommate finds him very difficult to live with because Jeremy is extremely selfish and demands immediate gratification of all his needs and desires. From a psychodynamic point of view, Jeremy is still being controlled by the ________

ID

2

high school students Michelle and Kelly were in a store looking at cosmetics. Both saw some make-up they wanted badly but did not have the money for. Michelle decided to shoplift it, while Kelly figured out that if she did some extra chores at home she could save up enough money for it in two weeks. Freud would say that Kelly is being governed by her ________.

ego

3

carl found a wallet containing $250 in cash. For just a moment he was tempted to keep the money, but the thought of doing so made him feel guilty and anxious, and he immediately took the wallet to the lost-and-found office. According to Freud, Carl’s good deed was motivated by his ________.

superego

4

The Oedipus complex occurs in the ________ stage of psychosexual development.

phallic

5

Sixteen-year-old Tyler has started going steady with Colleen and is experiencing all the sensations of being in love. Which is the appropriate stage of psychosexual development for this situation?

genital

6

After Mike does not get the job he interviewed for, he moves back in with his parents and spends his days playing video games. Which defense mechanism does this exemplify?

regression

7

Sigmund Freud suggested that people who are dominated by their ________ might be narcissistic and impulsive.

id

8

If parents are too lenient in the ________ stage, the child might become messy, careless, disorganized, and prone to emotional outbursts.

anal

9

Which neo-Freudian theorist emphasized the influence of the collective unconscious in personality development?

Carl Jung

10

________ developed a personality theory based around Hippocarates’ original concept of four temperaments.

Galen

11

As the “third force” in psychology, ________ is touted as a reaction both to the pessimistic determinism of psychoanalysis and to the behaviorists’ view of humans passively reacting to the environment.humanism

humanism

12

According to ________, personality traits can be categorized into three categories: cardinal traits, central traits, and secondary traits.

Gordon Allport

13

What was the primary finding of the Minnesota Study of Twins Reared Apart?

Identical twins, whether raised together or apart, have very similar personalities.

14

A(an) ________ locus of control is the belief that our outcomes are outside of our control; an ________ locus of control is the belief that we control our own outcomes.

external; internal

15

Marguerite is a psychologist who lives in America. She wants to administer personality tests in her native country of Togo to determine if the tests are still valid in different cultures. Testing Western ideas in other cultures is the ________ approach to the study of personality.

cultural-comparative

16

If Marshall has a high score in openness and a low score in neuroticism on the Big 5 personality test, he is likely to be

independent and calm

17

The ________ is composed of a series of true and false questions in order to establish an individual’s clinical profile.

MMPI

18

A research team wants to ensure their test is valid. What could they do to test its convergent validity?

The test results in similar scores with other personality tests of similar traits.