Chapter 14: The Brain and Cranial Nerves Flashcards


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1

Both cerebrum and cerebellum have ___ matter in their surface cortex and deeper nuclei, and ___ matter deep to the cortex.

A) gray...white

B) gray...brown

C) white...pink

D) white...blue

A

2

___ innervates the lateral rectus, which abducts the eye.

A) oculomotor nerve

B) trochlear nerve

C) abducens nerve

D) trigeminal nerve

C

3

Which of these cranial nerves is not correctly matched with its number?

A) II - Optic Nerve

B) X - Vagus Nerve

C) IV - Trochlear Nerve

D) XII - Accessory nerve

E) V - Trigeminal nerve

F) VII - Facial Nerve

D

4

___ regulate the chemical environment and clears metabolic waste of the nervous tissue.

A) neurons

B) ventricles

C) cerebrospinal fluid

D) cerebellum

C

5

Nearly all the somatosensory input to the cerebrum passes by way of synapses in ___.

A) the thalamus

B) the cerebellum

C) the epithalamus

D) the hypothalamus

A

6

The cardiac, vasomotor, and respiratory centers are found in

A) spinal cord

B) midbrain

C) pons

D) the medulla oblongata

D

7

The ____ consists of tight junctions between endothelial cells that form the capillary walls. It is most permeable to glucose and oxygen.

A) choroid plexus

B) carotid artery

C) blood brain barrier

D) brain ventricles

C

8

The cerebellum is ___ to the cerebrum

A) caudal

B) superficial

C) rostral

D) medial

A

9

Which of these ventricles is most superior to the others?

A) third ventricle

B) fourth

C) lateral ventricles

D) superior ventricle

C

10

Which of these regions are involved in motor control?

A) the cerebral cortex

B) both basal nuclei and cerebellum

C) cerebellum

D) basal nuclei

B

11

___ area recognizes spoken and written language.

A) visual cortex

B) broca

C) primary auditory cortex

D) wernicke

D

12

The arbor vitae is found in which of these?

A) brain stem

B) midbrain

C) cerebrum

D) none of the above

D

13

Your body temperature, water regulation, food intake, and sex drive are all regulated by

A) the hypothalamus

B) the pineal body

C) the limbic system

D) the thalamus

A

14

This cranial nerve has the greatest distribution of any cranial nerve (extends down to abdominal organs)

A) glossopharyngeal nerve

B) trigeminal nerve

C) vagus nerve

D) hypoglossal nerve

C

15

___ are thick, elevated ridges ( folds ) found on the brain; while ___ are the shallow grooves.

A) gyri...fissure

B) fissure...sulci

C) hemispheres...fissure

D) gyri...sulci

D

16

functions such as planning, motivation, and social judgement are associated with

A) insula

B) temporal lobe

C) the frontal lobe

D) the occipital lobe

C