Final Lab notecards Flashcards


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1

Select any part of the CNS where acetylcholine is widely used.

medulla oblongata

2

Which part of the central nervous system produces dopamine?

hypothalamus

3

What is one part of the endocrine system where epinephrine and norepinephrine act as hormones?

adrenal gland

4

What is the main nerve whose branches release acetylcholine to slow the heart?

Vagus (X)

5

A typical neuron consists of a...

soma, dendrites, and an axon

6

The resting neuron has a net ____ charge inside the cell and a net ____ charge outside the cell.

negative; positive

7

Which of the following is a similarity between the CNS and PNS

their structures are composed of neurons and neuroglia.

8

How do Schwann cells differ from oligodendrocytes?

oligodendrocytes have processes that reach out multiple axon segments, whereas the entire Schwann cell surrounds just one axon segment

9

Which best explains how neurotransmitters affect an action potential?

excitatory neurotransmitters encourage the transmission of an AP and inhibitory neurotransmitters do not.

10

Parathyroid cells known as _____ are thought to produce most or all of the parathyroids' endocrine secretion.

Chief cells

11

What is a similarity between calcitonin and parathyroid hormone?

they both help regulate blood calcium levels

12

The adrenal cortex produces ___, whereas the adrenal medulla produces ___ and ___.

corticosteroid hormones; epinephrine and norepinephrine

13

Which of the following accurately compares the role of glucagon and insulin in regulating blood glucose levels?

...