Pathophysiology 370 - Week 2 Quiz

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Pathophysiology
Chapters 10, 11, 13-15
updated 6 months ago by acemeister123
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1

What assists in the diagnosis of multiple myeloma?

Bence Jones proteins

2

Which disease has the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells on histologic examination?

Hodgkin lymphoma

3

Which component of the blood is responsible for protecting the body by phagocytosis of micro-organisms and other debris?

Leukocytes

4

What gene is associated with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)?

bcr-abl

5

Which statement is true about disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)?

It is both a bleeding and clotting factor

6

A general mechanism noted in thrombocytopenia is which of the following?

Decreased platelet production

Decreased platelet survival

Splenic sequestration

Intravascular dilation

7

What is the specific terminology to describe the formation of a blood clot in a vein?

Thrombophlebitis

8

Which type of hypersensitivity response is mediated by T cells?

Hypersensitivity type IV

9

Which statement is true regarding the
composition of human blood?

Blood volume averages 5 to 6 L.

10

Which term best describes a condition that
presents with the symptoms of petechiae, easy bruising, bleeding gums, occult hematuria, or retinal hemorrhages?

Thrombocytopenia

11

Which is a lymphoid neoplasm category? (Select all that apply.)

B-cell neoplasm
Hodgkin disease
Natural killer cell neoplasm

12

What are the main causes of edema?

When the adjacent lymphatic system develops an impaired lymphatic flow or when the capillaries themselves become more permeable and leak fluid into the cell.

13

Which statement is true regarding thalassemia?

It is a deficiency of one or more polypeptide chains.

14

Which statement regarding myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is true?

Neoplastic cells are functionally abnormal.

15

Which is true regarding hemophilia A?

It is caused by factor VIII deficiency.

16

When a patient receives bone marrow from a closely matched relative, it is referred to as what type of transplant?

Allogenic

17

Which cell is from myeloid lineage? (Select allthat apply.)

Platelets

Monocytes

Granulocytes

18

The condition associated with hypoxemia as a result of lung disease or living at high altitudes is called

Secondary polycythemia

19

Which is a modifiable risk factor for prevention of atherosclerosis?

Smoking

20

Which is a required for red blood cell production? (Select all that apply.)

Iron

Folate

Vitamin B

21

The movement of nutrients and O2 as well as the removal of metabolic wastes occurs in

Capillaries

22

Characteristics of allergic purpura lesions include which of the following? (Select all that apply.)

Easily palpated lesions

Fever and itching

23

Which component of the blood is responsible for protecting the body by phagocytosis of micro-organisms and other debris?

Leukocytes

24

Thrombosis in the microcirculation throughout the body is called

Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)

25

Which is a transport form for CO in the blood? (Select all that apply.)

Dissolved gas

Bicarbonate ion

Hemoglobin

26

Is it true that non-Hodgkin lymphoma

Is more common in men than women

27

What is a malignant disorder of mature antibody-secreting B lymphocytes or plasma cells?

Multiple myeloma

28

The role of the circulatory system is to do which of the following? (Select all that apply.)

Transport O2 and nutrients throughout the body.

Remove waste products from the body.

29

It is true that acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL) is

Primarily diagnosed in children.

30

Anemia of chronic renal failure is caused by the lack of

Erythropoietin

31

What is the pathophysiologic abnormality underlying systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)?

Autoimmunity

32

A 39-year-old patient who has been taking a specific antibiotic for years without problems develops tachycardia, lowered blood pressure ,wheezing, and urticaria when given this antibiotic in the clinic. The most likely explanation for this occurrence is that the patient

Is experiencing an anaphylactic hypersensitivity reaction to the antibiotic.

33

A true statement regarding atherosclerosis is which of the following? (Select all that apply.)

Atherosclerosis usually affects the coronary, cerebral, carotid, femoral arteries and the aorta.

34

Von Willebrand disease may present itself by which of the following? (Select all that apply.)

Epistaxis

Ecchymoses

Decreased von Willebrand factor