In Class Asthma Review Flashcards


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created 3 years ago by Ruuds
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1

Asthma is a heterogenous disease, usually characterized by chronic airway_______.

Inflammation

2

Asthma pathophysiology include the smooth muscle surrounding the ______ is stimulated by histamines and leukotrienes causing bronchoconstriction.

Bronchioles

3

The immune system’s response to asthma, include bronchial hyperreactivity, eosinophil and neutrophil infiltration happen during the _________phase.

card image

Late phase

4

What are some known risk factors for the development of asthma?

  • Atopy
  • Secondhand smoke (preschool age)
  • Dust mites & cockroaches
  • RSV in infants
  • Obesity

See slides for more

5

What are some known allergens and triggers that can cause an asthma attack?

  • Dust mites & cockroaches
  • Pets/pet dander
  • Molds
  • Pollen
  • Exercise
  • Community Acquired Pneumonia

See slides for more

6

What are the 4 MAIN consequences of uncontrolled asthma?

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  1. Airway Inflammation (AI)
  2. Bronchoconstriction
  3. Airway Hyperresponsiveness (AHR)
  4. Airway Remodeling

7

What the hallmark signs/symptoms of asthma?

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  • SOB
  • Wheezing during expiration
  • Cough at night

8

What test is the gold standard for diagnosing asthma?

Spirometry