American Pageant Chapter 29
Before he was elected president in 1912, Woodrow Wilson had been
As governor of New Jersey, Woodrow Wilson established a record as
a passionate reformer
In 1912, Woodrow Wilson ran for the presidency on a Democratic platform that included all of the following
antitrust legislation, monetary reform, tariff reduction, support for small businesses
When Jane Addams placed Teddy Roosevelt's name in nomination for the presidency in 1912, it
symbolized the rising political status of women, as well as Progressive support for the cause of social justice
Teddy Roosevelt's New Nationalism
campaigned for stronger control of trusts, woman suffrage, and programs of social welfare.
Woodrow Wilson's New Freedom
favored small enterprise, entrepreneurship, and the free functioning of unregulated and unmonopolized markets. Shunned the social-welfare programs and supported the fragmentation of trusts.
The 1912 presidential election was notable because
it gave the voters a choice of political and economic philosophies
Match each 1912 presidential candidate below with his political party. A. Woodrow Wilson B. Theodore Roosevelt C. William Howard Taft D. Eugene V. Debs 1. Socialist 2. Democratic 3. Republican 4. Progressive
A:2, B:4, C:3, D:1
According to the text, the runaway philosophical winner in the 1912 election was
In 1912 Woodrow Wilson became the first __________ elected to the presidency since the Civil War
Woodrow Wilson was most comfortable surrounded by
Woodrow Wilson's political philosophy included all of the following
faith in the masses, a belief that the president should provide leadership for Congress, and a belief that the president should appeal over the heads of legislators to the sovereign people
As a politician, Woodrow Wilson was
inflexible and stubborn
Congress passed the Underwood Tariff because
president Wilson aroused public opinion to support its passage
In 1913, Woodrow Wilson broke with a custom dating back to Jefferson's day when he
personally delivered his presidential address to congress
When Woodrow Wilson became president in 1912, the most serious shortcoming in the country's financial structure was that the
currency was inelastic
When Congress passed the Underwood Tariff Bill in 1913, it intended the legislation to
lower tariff rates.
The Sixteenth Amendment provided for
a personal income tax
The Federal Reserve Act of 1913 guaranteed a substantial measure of public control over the American banking system through the final authority given to the
Federal Reserve Board
The Federal Reserve Act gave the Federal Reserve Board the authority to
increase the amount of money in circulation
The Clayton Anti—Trust Act
explicitly legalized strikes and peaceful picketing
Because of the benefits that it conferred on labor, Samuel Gompers called the _______________ "labor's Magna Charta."
The Clayton Anti-Trust Act of 1914
The first Jew to sit on the United States Supreme Court, appointed by Woodrow Wilson, was
Woodrow Wilson showed the limits of his progressivism by
accelerating the segregation of African Americans in the federal bureaucracy
Woodrow Wilson's early efforts to conduct an anti—imperialist U. S. foreign policy were first undermined when he
sent american marines to Haiti
Which term best characterizes Woodrow Wilson's approach to American foreign policy diplomacy?
President Woodrow Wilson refused to intervene in the affairs of Mexico until
a small party of American sailors was accidentally captured by the Mexicans, Wilson ordered the navy to seize the Mexican port of Vera Cruz.
Before his first term ended, Woodrow Wilson had militarily intervened in or purchased all of the following countries
Woodrow Wilson's administration refused to extend formal diplomatic recognition to the government in Mexico headed by
Huerta government,He dismissed Pancho Villa and helped the Carranza cause.
As World War I began in Europe, the alliance system placed Germany and Austria—Hungary as leaders of the _______________, while Russia and France were among the _______________.
central powers, allied powers
From 1914 to 1916, trade between the United States and Britain
pulled the American economy out of a recession.
With the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the great majority of Americans
earnestly hoped to stay out of war
One primary effect of World War I on the United States was that it
conducted an immense amount of trade with the Allies.
President Wilson insisted that he would hold _______________ to "strict accountability" for _______________.
Germany; the loss of American ships and lives to submarine warfare
German submarines began sinking unarmed and unresisting merchant and passenger ships without warning
in retaliation for the British naval blockade of Germany
Which of the following American passenger liners was sunk by German submarines?
The Progressive "Bull Moose" party died when
TR refused to run as the party's presidential candidate in 1916
In the Sussex pledge, Germany promised
not to sink passenger ships without warning
When Woodrow Wilson won reelection in 1916, he received strong support from the
President Wilson broke diplomatic relations with Germany when
they announced that they would wage unrestricted sub warfare in the Atlantic
The Zimmermann note involved a proposed secret agreement between
Germany and Mexico
The United States declared war on Germany
after German U-Boats sank 4 unarmed American merchant vessels
President Woodrow Wilson persuaded the American people to enter World War I by
pledging to make the war "a war to end all wars" and to make the world safe for democracy
President Wilson viewed America's entry into World War I as an opportunity for the United States to
to shape a new international order based on the ideals of democracy
the following was among Wilson's Fourteen Points upon which he based America's idealistic foreign policy in World War I?
reduction of armaments, abolition of secret treaties, a new international organization to guarantee collective security, and the principle of national self-determination for subject peoples.
The major problem for George Creel and his Committee on Public Information was that
he oversold Wilson's ideals and led the world to expect too much
Match each civilian administrator below with the World War I mobilization agency that he directed. A. George Creel B. Herbert Hoover C. Bernard Baruch D. William Howard Taft 1. War Industries Board 2. Committee on Public Information 3. Food Administration 4. National War Labor Board
A:2, B:3, C:1, D:4
When the United States entered World War I, it was
not ready for its leap into global war
During World I, civil liberties in America were
denied to many, especially those suspected of disloyalty
Two constitutional amendments adopted in part because of wartime influences were the Eighteenth, which dealt with _______________, and the Nineteenth, whose subject was _______________.
prohibition; woman suffrage
As a result of their work supporting the war effort, women
finally received the right to vote
During World War I, the government's treatment of labor could be best described as
The two groups who suffered most from the violaton of civil liberties during World War I were
German Americans and social radicals.
Grievances of labor during and shortly after World War I include all of the following
the inability to gain the right to organize, war spawned inflation, and violence against workers by employers
The 1919 steel strike resulted in
The movement of tens of thousands of Southern blacks north during WWI resulted in
The movement of tens of thousands of Southern blacks north during WWI resulted in
racial violence in the North
Most wartime mobilization agencies relied on _______________ to prepare the economy for war.
Most of the money raised to finance World War I came from
In an effort to make economic mobilization more efficient during World War I, the federal government took over and operated
The United States used all of the following methods to support the war effort
forcing some people to buy war bonds, having "meatless and wheatless" days, and seizing enemy merchant vessels trapped in American harbors
The World War I military draft
When the United States entered the war in 1917, most Americans did not believe that
it would be necessary to send a large American army to Europe
Those who protested conscription during World War I did so because
hey disliked the idea of compelling a person to serve
During World War I, American troops fought in all of the following countries
Russia, Belgium and Italy
The two major battles of World War I in which United States forces engaged were
St. Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne Offensive.
Russia's withdrawal from World War I in 1918 resulted in
the release of thousands of German troops for deployment on the front in France
The supreme military commander of American forces during World War I was
General John J. Pershing.
The Second Battle of the Marne was significant because it
marked the beginning of a German withdrawal that was never reversed
As a condition of ending World War I, Woodrow Wilson demanded that
the German Kaiser be forced from power
The United States' main contributions to the Allied victory in World War I included all of the following
foodstuffs, oil, munitions, and morale
The Germans were heavily demoralized by
the US troop reserves
The chief difference between Woodrow Wilson and the parliamentary statesmen at the Paris peace table was that Wilson
did not command a legislative majority at home
Woodrow Wilson's ultimate goal at the Paris Peace Conference was to
establish the League of Nations
At the Paris Peace Conference, Wilson sought all of the following goals
preventing a seizure of territory by the victors, a world parliament of nations to provide collective security, national self-determination for smaller European nations, free trade and freedom of the seas. except:an end to the European colonial empires in Africa and Asia.
Opposition to the League of Nations by many United States Senators during the Paris Peace Conference
gave the Allied leaders in Paris a stronger bargaining position
After the Treaty of Versailles had been signed, Woodrow Wilson
wilson was condemned by disillusioned liberals and frustrated imperialists
In the United States, the most controversial aspect of the Treaty of Versailles was
after the Treaty of Versailles had been signed
The initial Republican strategy regarding the Treaty of Versailles was to
delay and amend the treaty.
Senate opponents of the League of Nations as proposed in the Treaty of Versailles argued that it
robbed Congress of its war-declaring powers.
In Congress, the most reliable support for Wilson's position on the League of Nations came from
The Senate likely would have accepted American participation in the League of Nations if Wilson had
been willing to compromise with the League opponents in Congress
Who was finally most responsible for the Senate defeat of the Treaty of Versailles?
Woodrow Wilson's call for a "solemn referendum" in 1920 referred to
his attempt to use the presidential election of 1920 to gain support for the Treaty of Versailles but it became a death sentence for the League of Nations
Republican isolationists successfully turned Warren Harding's 1920 presidential victory into a
death sentence for the League.
The major weakness of the League of Nations was that it
did not include the US