Quiz 1 Flashcards


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Chapter 1-3 Fundamentals
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1

Project manager is a full-time designated job role in which of the following organizational structures?

a) Functional
b) Organic
c) Strong Matrix
d) Balanced Matrix

c) Strong Matrix

2

A program is a:

a) Group of related projects managed in a coordinated way
b) Grouping of related tasks lasting one year or less
c) Sequence of steps constituting a project
d) Project with a cost over $1 million

a) Group of related projects managed in a coordinated way

3

Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding organizational governance?

a) Organizational governance includes consideration of policies and procedures, but not people and their roles
b) Organizational governance is a collection of various components that together can produce results not obtainable by the individual components alone
c) Organizational governance influences how objectives of the organization are set and achieved
d) Organizational governance is the framework within which human resources are exercised

c) Organizational governance influences how objectives of the organization are set and achieved

4

A project is:

a) A revenue-generating activity that needs to be accomplished while achieving customer satisfaction
b) A set of sequential activities performed in a process or system
c) An ongoing endeavor undertaken to meet customer or market requirements
d) A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result

d) A temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result

5

Which of the following statements is TRUE of project phases?

a) The phases of a project emerge when the project is executing
b) Project phases are not used in adaptive (agile) projects
c) A project phase may include a phase gate review, held at the beginning of the phase
d) A project phase culminates in the completion of one or more key deliverables

d) A project phase culminates in the completion of one or more key deliverables

6

Which of the following statements about project life cycles is true?

a) The project life cycle is the series of phases that represent the evolution of a product, from concept to retirement
b) All project life cycles include starting, organizing and preparing, carrying out the work, and ending
c) In an adaptive project life cycle, change is constrained as much as possible
d) The project life cycle is the method used to create and evolve the product, service, or result

b) All project life cycles include starting, organizing and preparing, carrying out the work, and ending

7

Effective project managers exhibit competencies in three general areas. These three areas of skillsets are:

a) Management skills, leadership skills, knowledge and skills in strategic management
b) Technical project management skills, project software skills, knowledge and skills in strategic and business management
c) Project software skills, leadership skills, knowledge and skills in strategic and business management
d) Technical project management skills, leadership skills, knowledge and skills in strategic and business management

d) Technical project management skills, leadership skills, knowledge and skills in strategic and business management

8

Enterprise environmental factors (EEFs) refer to both internal and external factors that surround or influence a project's success. Which of the following statements about EEFs is TRUE?

a) EEFs include security and confidentiality policies
b) A project manager needs to be aware of EEFs so that he or she may monitor and control them
c) EEFs can be viewed as the opposite of organizational process assets, as EEFs act to constrain and inhibit success of a project
d) EEFs include project management information systems (e.g., scheduling software tool)

d) EEFs include project management information systems (e.g., scheduling software tool)

9

Jesse is managing a project to increase inventory efficiencies. A primary component of the project is enhancement and extension of the information technology infrastructure supporting inventory management. In a recent meeting with the project team, IT members of the team expressed confusion regarding two requirements received from one of the user areas. Jesse was able to explain that area's role in the inventory process and this helped the IT workers understand what was needed. In this situation, Jesse exhibited which of the key competencies of effective project managers?

a) Leadership skills
b) Interpersonal skills
c) Emotional intelligence
d) Strategic and business management skills

d) Strategic and business management skills

10

Which of the following statements regarding project portfolio management is TRUE?

a) Portfolio management measures success by quality, timeliness, and budget compliance
b) Portfolio management focuses on managing interdependencies between projects
c) Portfolio management is concerned with doing programs and projects the right way
d) Portfolio management involves selecting an optimal set of projects and programs to meet strategic objectives

d) Portfolio management involves selecting an optimal set of projects and programs to meet strategic objectives

11

Project management is:

a) The application of inputs, outputs, tools and techniques to achieve operational excellence
b) The intersection of program management and portfolio management
c) A dead-end job. One word: plastics
d) The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements

d) The application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements

12

The Project Management Office (PMO) in your organization supplies project management training and templates and maintains a repository of project archives. Which type of PMO does this represent?

a) Supportive
b) Controlling
c) Advisory
d) Directive

a) Supportive

13

Jenna is in the early stages of planning for her project. It appears that requirements can be fairly well defined early on, and she understands that the end product can be delivered in parts, as opposed to being delivered all at once at the end of the project. She also knows that the client needs whatever she can deliver as soon as possible. What development approach (or lifecycle) should Jenna consider using?

a) Predictive
b) Iterative
c) Incremental
d) Agile

c) Incremental

14

The linkages between project management process groups are best described by the following:

a) Process groups are linked by the outputs they produce: the output of one process generally becomes an input to another process or is deliverable of the project
b) Process groups are linked by project phase: each phase is associated with one and only one process group
c) Process groups are linked by knowledge area: each process group is associated with one and only one knowledge are
d) There are no significant links between the discrete process groups

a) Process groups are linked by the outputs they produce: the output of one process generally becomes an input to another process or is deliverable of the project

15

The product life cycle:

a) Begins when the project life cycle ends
b) Subsumes the project life cycle
c) Is unrelated to the project life cycle
d) Ends when the project life cycle ends

b) Subsumes the project life cycle

16

An insurance company is launching a project needed to meet a newly announced government regulation. This is an example of project initiation due to:

a) Market demand
b) Legal requirement
c) Environmental need
d) Business need

b) Legal requirement

17

Which of the following statements regarding the business case for a project is TRUE?

a) The business case is developed immediately following a "go" decision for the project
b) The business case is a component of the project management plan
c) The business case is developed in conjunction with development of the project charter
d) The project sponsor is responsible for developing the business case

d) The project sponsor is responsible for developing the business case

18

Which of the following statements regarding a project business case is TRUE?

a) The project business case documents the business need that is prompting the proposed action
b) The project business case authorizes work to begin on the project
c) The project business case typically precedes a needs assessment
d) The project business case describes how and when benefits of the project will be delivered

a) The project business case documents the business need that is prompting the proposed action

19

Nida just passed her PMP certification exam! Now that the stress of the exam prep is over, she can admit that she did learn some things by studying the PMBOK and associated materials. Moreover, Nida realizes that obtaining the PMP credential is likely to increase her level of influence with others. This particular form of influence, or power, is known as:

a) Legitimate
b) Informational
c) Expert
d) Persuasive

c) Expert

20

Which of the following illustrates the three primary constraints on a project?

a) Time, Scope, Cost
b) Plan, Execute, Monitor and Control
c) Time, Plan, Cost
d) Execute, Monitor, Control

a) Time, Scope, Cost

21

When selecting a leadership style, a project manager should consider:

a) Characteristics of team members
b) The organization's mission
c) Organizational politics
d) All of the above

d) All of the above

22

Which of the following is the preferred project life cycle when the product is well understood?

a) Adaptive
b) Predictive
c) Hybrid
d) Iterative

b) Predictive

23

Kyle allows his project team to establish their own goals and make their own decisions. From this, we can infer that:

a) Kyle is shirking his leadership responsibilities
b) Kyle has adopted a laissez-faire style of leadership
c) Kyle is deferring to expert power exhibited by his team members
d) Kyle has adopted a servant leadership style

b) Kyle has adopted a laissez-faire style of leadership

24

In her role as project manager, Lori puts a lot of energy into developing positive relationships with team members and stakeholders. She believes these relationships strengthen her ability to guide when needed and to collaborate. From this, we can infer:

a) Lori is focused on leadership
b) Lori is focused on technical project management
c) Lori is focused on having good references when she looks for her next job
d) Lori is focused on management

a) Lori is focused on leadership

25

In managing his project, Jack is focused on the bottom line. He is determined to bring the project to bring the project in within budget and on schedule. He is using his power as project manager to keep approved change requests to a minimum. From this, we can infer:

a) Jack is managing the leadership of the project
b) Jack is practicing transformational management
c) Jack is focused on management more than leadership
d) Jack is one mean dude

c) Jack is focused on management more than leadership