Medical Terminology Chp 4 Organization of the body Flashcards


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1

Pathology is the study of __________.

a. the nature of living things

b. disease

c. paths

d. tissue

b. disease

2

Which term means pertaining to body organs enclosed within a cavity, especially the abdominal organs?

a. ventral

b. peritoneal

c. visceral

d. inguinal

c. visceral

3

The word part referring to liver is

a. carp/o

b. or/o

c. hepat/o

d. crur/o

c. hepat/o

4

What is the top or highest point called?

a. vertex

b. caudal

c. cortex

d. cephalad

a. vertex

5

The word part referring to ankle is

a. brach/i

b. tars/o

c. poster/o

d. abdomin/o

b. tars/o

6

Which term means toward the back?

a. ventral

b. anterior

c. distal

d. posterior

d. posterior

7

A/An _________ is a grouping of similar cells that together perform specialized functions.

a. organ

b. tissue

c. organelle

d. system

b. tissue

8

The term cytology means

a. study of the cranium

b. study of cells

c. study of organs

d. study of blood

b. study of cells

9

In the anatomical position, the palms are:

a. to the middle

b. to the back

c. to the front

d. to the side

c. to the front

10

Hairlike processes that project from epithelial cells are called:

a. villi

b. cillia

c. centrioles

d. cilia

d. cilia

11

Which term means pertaining to the front side of the body, abdomen, and belly surface?

a. ventral

b. posterior

c. distal

d. dorsal

a. ventral

12

The two properties of nervous tissue are:

a. excitability/conductivity

b. sensitivity/excitability

c. conductivity/sensibility

d. sensibility/motility

a. excitability/conductivity

13

In the term topical, the suffix -al means:

a. pertaining to

b. action

c. pretaining to

d. related to

a. pertaining to

14

Karyogenesis is a term used to describe:

a. physical appearance of an individual

b. complete set of genes

c. formation of a cell's nucleus

d. a syrup product

c. formation of a cell's nucleus

15

The word part for arm is:

a. brach/i

b. to/o

c. buc/o

d. or/o

a. brach/i

16

The __________ plane vertically divides the body, as it passes through the midline, to form a right and left half.

a. horizontal

b. coronal

c. transverse

d. midsagittal

d. midsagittal

17

Which term means pertaining to one side?

a. unilateral

b. medial

c. lateral

d. bilateral

a. unilateral

18

The protective portion of the cell is known as the:

a. golgi apparatus

b. cytoplasm

c. ribosome

d. cell membrane

d. cell membrane

19

The combining form for foot is:

a. opt/o

b. chir/o

c. pod/o

d. tars/o

c. pod/o

20

The term dorsal refers to which side of the body?

a. front

b. left

c. back

d. right

c. back

21

In the term systemic, the root system means:

a. composite whole

b. a group of tissues

c. a group of cells

d. a group of organs

a. composite whole

22

A _________ is a hollow space containing body organs.

a. system

b. cavity

c. organ

d. tissue

b. cavity

23

The term inguinal means

a. pertaining to the groin, of or near the groin

b. pertaining to within or the inside

c. pertaining to body organs enclosed within a cavitiy

d. pertaining to below or in a downward direction

a. pertaining to the groin, of or near the groin

24

The __________ plane vertically divides the body, as it passes through the midline, to form a right and left half.

a. coronal

b. horizontal

c. transverse

d. midsagittal

d. midsagittal

25

A/An _________ is a grouping of similar cells that together perform specialized functions.

a. organ

b. organelle

c. system

d. tissue

d. tissue

26

The most important constituent of all body fluid is:

a. all of these

b. blood

c. water

d. mucus

c. water

27

Which of the following is not a cavity located in the ventral cavity?

a. pelvic

b. abdominal

c. coronal

d. thoracic

c. coronal