PSYCH 5 Flashcards


Set Details Share
created 2 years ago by amanda_noel
914 views
Chap 2-7
updated 2 years ago by amanda_noel
Subjects:
abnormal psychology
show moreless
Page to share:
Embed this setcancel
COPY
code changes based on your size selection
Size:
X
Show:

1

Intra-active psychology looks at individuals as disentangled entitites

False

2

Phenomena emerge through Intra-actions

true

3

When Einstein talks about modern consciousness as separate from the world around he suggests that this is

Delusional and psychopathological

4

A phenomenon is a fact out in reality waiting to be mirrored in science

False

5

A person in a car accident is likely to be impacted in what ways?

Physically, Psychologically and socially

6

Severe psychological suffering as phenomenon emerges through the intra-action between the person suffering and the health care professional

Truth

7

A phenomenon emerges from the intra-action between observer and what is observed

true

8

Detailed biospheric knowledge enabling cultures to survive is contained in

The ethosphere

9

Allie Lights depression will look just the same to everybody who interacts with her.

False

10

When we look through an individualistic lens we experience our biospheric and ethnospheric connections

false

11

Severe psychological suffering is mono-casual and always has one clearly identifiable cause

False

12

According to Einstein "the one issue of true religion" is

Freeing oneself from the delusion of separateness

13

Which of the following is NOT part of the storytelling aspect of humans

Brain

14

Which of the following is NOT part of the communal aspect of humans?

Motivation

15

Subjective processes are not important for well-being and healing, it is solely the biological processes that matter

False

16

In the standard view of science mind and matter are always enmeshed

False

17

Psychology can be reduced to biology as the true cause of psychological experience

False

18

Overcoming the delusion of separateness means remembering intimate connections with the world

True

19

Severe psychological suffering can be described as complex intra-active wave pattern that can be impacted in multiple ways.

true

20

When we look through an individualistic lens we experience our biospheric and ethnospheric connections

flase

21

Phenomenon emerge through intra-actions

true

22

Subjective processes are not important for well-being and healing, it is solely the biological processes that matter.

false

23

Our process of knowing creates phenomena (facts), according to quantum theory (Barad)

True

24

The term biosphere refers to

the web of life

25

intra active psychology looks at individuals as disentangled entities

false

26

Which of the following is NOT a part of somatic aspect of humans?

Consciousness

27

Integrative psychology draws on all disciplines relevant for pscyological understanding of our world.

True

28

The terms "culture" and "civilization" are often used pejoratively when referring to the lack of culture and civilization among indigenous people

true

29

Psychological phenomena emerge through interactions of two distinct and quite separate entities

false

30

Story and memory are intimately connected-

true

31

Each ethnosphere is an inevitable response to a particular biosphere and thus lacking in imagination

true

32

Detailed biospheric knowledge enabling cultures to survive is contained in

the ethnosphere

33

Ethnosphere refers to

cultural fabric that envelopes part

cultural web of life

34

Einstein famously talked about optical illusion to describe the consciousness of modern humans.

false

35

Severe psychological suffering can be described as a complex intra-active wave pattern that can be impacted in multiple ways.

true

36

Quantum theory suggests that what we know, how we know, and the ethics of knowing are entangled.

True

37

Integrative psychology draws on all disciplines relevant for a psychological understanding of our world

true

38

The complement of the material neuropsychological processes and imagery, reflection, and self reflection constitute a phenomenon

true

39

The right hemisphere has which of the following primary qualities and functions

ustained attention and vigilance without preconceptionsit is in service of establishing connections, exploring, and relating or connecting and sharing in another’s fate. It sees itself and things as part of a web of interconnections, it sees everything as embedded. It is interested in creating and tends toward flow. The right hemisphere opens us to possibility, to new experience and new events. It sees things as a whole or holistically. It is interested in experiencing and making us present. It appreciates uniqueness and is interested in the particular. It tries to understand and make meaning. The right hemisphere some centuries ago used to be the master hemisphere of the brain.

40

The firing of neurons is gradual and continuous

false

41

which of the following are now also considered brains by scientists

heart and gut

42

cells are the basic building blocks of living organisms without memory capacity

false

43

stem cells can be reprogrammed through

electromagnetic fields

44

Neurons primarily transmit impulses to our sensory receptors

false

45

The autonomic nervous system consists of the

sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system

46

the endocrine system and the nervous system function in the same way

false

47

the adrenal glands are mainly responsible for the relaxation response

false

48

which of the following is true

Each hemisphere has quality different ways of proecessing

49

We can draw a reasonable resemblance of a tree when only our left hemisphere is activated

false

50

the reptilian brain is the basis for

instinctual responses

51

the paleomammalian brain is the basis for

emotional states

52

which of the triune brain structures can be called our "emotional brain"

paleomammalian brain

53

the neomammalian brain is the basis for

cognitive process

54

dopamine is key for

pleasure and reinforcement

55

serotonin Is key for

sleep and appetitie

56

white matter makes up a very small portion of the brain

false

57

the paleomammalian brain is the basis for

emotional state

58

the reptilian brain does NOT deal with which of the following

cognitive insight

59

the choice of research methods is arbitrary

true

60

the reptilian brain is the basis for

instinctual responses

61

the endocrine system and nervous system function in the same way

false

62

which of the following is true?

both hemispheres are involved in everything we do.

each hemisphere has a qualitatively different way of processing.

63

the reptilian brain deals with

automatic functions

64

a cell is basically just like a computer

false

65

The assumption that all psychological process, whether abnormal or normal, can be explained by neurological firings is called

reductionist / materialistic explanation

66

the default network is responsible for

internal, private processing.

67

The left hemisphere has which of the following primary qualities and functions?

narrow, focused attention, manipulation of the world, sees things in isolation, it represents the world.

68

the world of the left hemisphere has internal reality that truthfully corresponds to reality

false

69

life has evolved in __ dimesntions

four

70

an axon can be as long as three feet

true

71

neutrons primary transmit impulses to our sensory receptors

false

72

the best explanation for the self and its processes will finally only be found in neurobiology

false

73

eating yogurt with a probiotic does not make a difference the stress response of women

false

74

our genetic information is always active and expressed

false

75

at the very origin or life codes developed that made life and evolution possible

true

76

our neurological processes and our processes of awareness are complementary

true

77

acetycholrine is key for

functioning of the autonomic system

78

cells seem to have the capacity for processing that is similar to conscious experience or necessary for conscious experience

true

79

infatuation is associated with the release of ____ and loving someone in an ongoing relationship is associated with the release of ____

dopamine, seratonin

80

the body / mind problems concerns the question of

how neuro events can be psychological events

81

the release of serotonin leads to experiences of

sleep

82

the phenomena of psychopathology are constituted through neurological processes

false

83

A good way to describe intra-action in phenomena is as waves of different processes diffracting or intra-acting

true

84

which brain plays a signficant role in determining what we believe to be true

pallomammalian brain

85

white appears to be more important for

inerconnectivity and glial cells

86

the right hemisphere is critical in affect management

true

87

William James intuited early in the history of psychology that all consciousness can be reduced to neuropsychological proceeses

false

88

abdominal acupuncture can improve cognitive function

true

89

norepinephrine is key for

blood pressure and release of glucose

90

the phenomena pf psychopathology are constituted by complementary material and discursive (language, culture) processes.

true

91

sound vibration can trigger our natural ability for self healing.

true

92

neurological processes are foundational (in the sense of ultimate explanations) in explaining severe psychological suffering

false

93

DNA leads a double life: it is material ( a chemical structure) and it is a code

true

94

affect management strategies are genetically determined

false

95

which hemisphere is involved in emotion

both

96

the difference in the hemispheres is best described as -

different qualities in processing information

97

when we lose the function of our right hemisphere our attention broadesn

flase

98

which part of the brain helps us with empathy

frontal lobe

99

the right hemisphere is important for

context and meaning

100

information and meaning are the same thing

false

101

our two hemispheres create two different versions of the world.

true

102

the model created by the left hemisphere is self consistent and has perfection

true

103

the right hemisphere has a strong voice and can easily speak on its own behalf

false

104

McGilchrist argues against reason

false

105

Finding meaning in life is important for balance and contentment

true

106

which of the following is an example of everyday suffering

final exam

107

dreams can be disturbing because their meaning is not always obvious

true

108

storytelling can be helpful in promoting psychological healitng

true

109

the biomedical model of sever psychological suffering

serves a neurological event

110

symptoms usually only have diagnostic meaning, but they do not have any cultural meaning

false

111

Erich Fromm asks the questions whether

a society gives a satisfactory answer to the problem of human existance

112

the statistical model of "abnormality" creates

arbitrary boundaries between normal versus abnormal.

113

different models of severe psychological suffering lead to different interventions

true

114

the humanistic and positive psychology models focus on the modification of behavior

false

115

according to FROMM, neurosis is the natural result of a sane person living in an insane society

true

116

research with psychedelic substances as a treatment option have resumed because of

desperate for new drugs

117

dreams can be disturbing but their meaning is not always obvious

true

118

the psychologist who provide empirical evidence for the positive effect of empathy was

carl rogers

119

ethnicity is NOT a factor that can impact psychological well being

false

120

according to GOTZCHE, prescription drugs are

3rd cause of death

121

some cultures have unique diagnoses for severe psychological suffering the has no direct equivelent to the US culture

true

122

Watters documents that the American psych is in the process of

globalization

123

Erich Fromm asks the questions whether

a society gives a satisfactory answer to the process of human existance

124

Empathy, emotional warmth, an congrunence are the necessary and sufficient ingredients for positive change in psychotherapy according to

carl rogers

125

meaninglessness is generally easy for us humans to experenice

false

126

pyschological well being is influenced by a multiplicity of facotrs

true

127

the experience of the soul having left the body, resulting insomnia, despondency and diarrhea is

susto

128

insanity is a

legal term

129

approaches to severe psychological suffering

vary in different cultures

130

the statistical model of "abnormality" creates

arbitrary boundaries between normal and abnormal

131

IN European Middle Ages maddess was seen as caused by

evil spirits

132

sever suffering check all that apply

every day is taken up by efforts to cope with life, a person cannot live their talents as intended, a person is a danger to others, a person is a danger to themself, behavior is unusual in the culture

133

the biomedical model of severe psychological suffering

sees it as a neurological event

134

Erich fromm Claims that

questioning ones sanity and self doubt is a natural consequence of living in modern western society

135

what I experience as a symptom of severe suffering will be experienced in the same way by someone else

false

136

the biological markers and causes of mental illness have been identified by research

false

137

what society thinks about a particular symptom matters to the experience of severe psycologocial suffering

true

138

Prozac has failed to live up to its original promise in the treatment of depression

true

139

different models of severe psychological suffering lead to different interventions

true

140

descriptions of psychological suffering reflect cultural assumptions

true

141

descriptions of psychological suffering are value free

false

142

dine sand paintings are best described as

images of balance and beauty

143

it has been shown that expression of psychological suffering can be exported. The implication that

culture can play a critical role in psychological suffering and diagnosis

144

the majority of psychological research is based

western education, industrialization, rich, democratic, generalization and normative

145

psychology has made generalizations about all of humanity based on

small subset of human populations

146

the WEIRDer you are, the more you see the interconnections in the world

flase

147

Jeanne achterberg research on distant intention questions which sense of self

individualistic

148

the number of diagnostic categories in the diagnostistic and statistical manual

have gone up

149

the cultural lens of a researcher is not important for his or her research

flase

150

20th century American psychology developed a focus on

self contained individualism

151

individualism goes and in glove with the standard view of science that emerged during the historical enlightenment period

true

152

an inclusive lens contributed to creating a WEIRD world

false

153

Ancient indigenous philosophies and current quantum theoretical philosphies are not compatible

false

154

descriptions of psychological suffering reflect cultural assumptions

true

155

the DMS successfully addresses experiences of stress and trauma throughout the manual

false

156

the social context of traumatic experience does not matter

false

157

people who have grown up within an individualistic worldview never have to wonder how people within sociocetnric societies see the world. individualism makes it easy to see their perspective

false

158

the has been shown that the expression of psychological suffering can be exported. the implication that

cultural can play a critical role in the psych suffering an diagnosis

159

which of the following is true

diagnostic and stats manual is a categorical system

160

culture specific labels are entirely consistent with the diagnostic categories of the DSM

false

161

WEIRD samples from the basis of the much psychological research

true

162

indigensim understands the self in terms of

place, community, ancestors, and spirits or gods

163

if research is based on a limited set of populations, the the results may contribute to shaping humanity based the results from this limited set of populations

true

164

the DSM is biased towards the biomedical model of explaining severe psychological suffering

true

165

the majority of psychological research is based on

small subset of human population. western education ect.

166

ancient indigenous philosophies and current quantum theoretical philosophies are not compatible

false

167

in dine navajo culture healing or relief from suffering means

restore balance

168

a first break whether in the form of depression or other ways, means that person is fated to experience future breaksq

false

169

the word healing refers to

holistic orientation

170

healing is determined by a singular factor that psychiatrist and clinical psychologist are able to identify

false

171

our spiritual and religious beliefs may matter for our healing from severe psychological suffering

true

172

intention and motivation are a negligible factor in healing

false

173

symbols can be powerful in healing stem from cultural stories or from our personal unconscious and personal mythology

true

174

symbols have the potential capacity to impact our neuropsycology

true

175

which one of the following is most critical for relief from suffering

right hemisphere

176

ideally an intervention to relieve psychological suffering pulls on

variety of approaches

177

insanity is a technical psychological term used by clinical psychologist

false

178

balance and harmony is central to the Lakota understanding of mental health

correct

179

the focus in Lakota culture is on

ones entire being

180

the basic unit for interventions is

the community

181

which of the following statements applies to Lakota cutlure

relationships make the brain

182

consulting the hand trembler, a Dine diagnostician, is an attempt to

make meaning of suffering

183

according to Susan larger, the images on the alter can be considered

life symbols binding psyche and culture together

184

the dine medicine man creates a life symbolic universe to mediate the power of supernaturals deiteies

correct

185

the fact that life symbols and chants hav been handed down from generation to generation ___ their symbolic power through ongoing cultural practice

increase

186

the Dine Navajo understanding of illness or imbalance in the chanteys includes

offending a diety

187

the creation of the sand-painting can be considered what stage in the structure of symbolic healing

presentation

188

the patient sitting down in the center of the sand painting can be seen as which part of the symbolic healing

identification

189

the singer, (medicine man or hataali) working on the patient is part of which stage in the structure of symbolic healing

transformation

190

the symbolic healing approaches of the Dine have been shown by research to be almost inevitably effective for Dine patients

false

191

shifts in states of attention help us to access realms where symbols can be manipulated and acquire new meaning

true

192

healing and curing mean the same thing according to the textbook

false

193

in a dine healing ceremony, the patient may literally sit in the place of balance on a a sandpainting

true

194

the emotional brain is central factor in the process of psychological change

true

195

the central concept of among culture is

harmony

196

the overall goal of a Navajo person can be dsescribed as

balance

197

the self indigenous people is anchored in cultural rituals and stories

true

198

Fried claimed that we needed which two for happiness and contentment

intimacy and creativity

199

which of the following are most critical for relief from suffering

paleo-mammalian brain and right hemisphere

200

the biomedical model of relieving severe psychological suffering is

reductionistic and materialsitc

201

personal symbols are part of pour personal mythology, they infuse our stories and how we see ourselves

true

202

our neurobiological process can be manipulated through symbolic and ritual processes

true

203

our spiritual and religious beliefs may matter for our healing from severe psychological suffering

true

204

in indvidualistic societies symbols are primarily charged by way of

personal history

205

the symbolic healing approach of the dine have been shown to be entirely ineffective

false

206

the language of our pale0-mammalian brain is primarily based on

image

207

stress becomes harmful when

the level of challenge is larger than what one can handle

208

a car accident will likely causeq

stress

209

the amygdala is central in fear and stress

true

210

the hippocampus is our alarm system for stress

false

211

the hippocampus ___ the meaning of incoming information

evaluates

212

stress is produced along two different roads

true

213

the slow road processing fear responses have the capacity to

down-regulate

214

long term stress leads to high levels of

glucocorticoids

215

truma may result in which of the following

crisis of identity

216

the central criterion distinguishing between PTSD and Acute stress disorder is

length

217

stress becomes harmful when

the level of challenge is larger than an individual can handle

218

an accident likely will cause

stress

219

trauma may result in

crisis of identity

220

central criterion distinguishing between ptsd and acute stress is

length

221

the thalamus distribues

incoming sensory infromation

222

stress in life is entirely avoidable if we do it right

false

223

the amygdala is one of the most interconnected structures in the brain

true

224

chronic stress may lead to depression

true

225

in prolonged stress the general adaption syndrome GAS is what sequence

alarm resistance exhaustion

226

the hippocampus is our alarm system for stress

false

227

post traumatic stress injury could be considered a more appropriate term because it

avoids stigmatism

228

biosphere and ethnosphere do not have any impact on stress response

false

229

research shows that the level of stress in US has

increased

230

stress challenges our equilibrium and integration

true

231

stressful vents are mediated by

neurobiology stress chapter

232

the highroad takes no chances and is concerned with survival

true

233

insufficient sleep increases activity in amygdala

true

234

type 2 diabetes is not related to chronic stress

false

235

long term stress leads to a high level of glucocoo

sleep deprivation strengthens the connections between prefrontal cortex and amygdala

236

false

chronic stress weakens the immune system

237

chronic stress may

shrink hippocampus

238

during chronic stress emotional and cognitive assessment my trigger self.

true

239

amygdala activates the

sympathetic nS

240

poverty is related to chronic stress

true

241

slow road processeing fear responses have the capacity to

down regulate

242

when a zebra encounters a lion it is

situational stress

243

when a person with PTSD has flashback what side of the brain is more activity

right side

244

the slow road has a capacity to provide a corrective danger identified for th fast road

true

245

eustress means that we are encountering a challenge we cannot master

false

246

processing on the fast road, once triggered, cannot be modified

false

247

what is central to the diagnosis of PTSd

actual or threatened death

248

about one in __ US vets returning from Iraq and afghan has PTSD or depression or both

5

249

stress is processed along one road that is fast and begins with the amygdala

false

250

what does not trigger a stress response

orgasma nd falling in love

251

attachment means the same as temperament or style of reactivity

false

252

secure attachment is experienced by the majority of children in the US

true

253

the quality of attachment is important for cognitive-emotional development and the expression of genes

true

254

ACES are common only in economically disadvantaged neighborhoods

false

255

the term neurodiverity helps us to appreciate differences in brain functioning as potiential giftg

true

256

the term neurodiversity defines the neurotypical as normal

false

257

which are of symptoms is indicative of autism spectrum disorder

deficites in social communication and interaction.

258

Which area of symptoms is indicative of autism spectrum disorder?

Repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities

259

Which of the following is indicative of ADHD (attention deficit & hyperactivity disorder)?

lack of follow through with instructions

260

The increase in the frequency of ADHD diagnoses raises questions about social factors, such as school settings.

true

261

ACEs are common only in economically disadvantaged neighborhoods.

false

262

The book and documentary The Horseboy demonstrate that shamanism should be the treatment of choice for autism spectrum disorder.

false

263

When a person has markedly odd nonverbal communication, then the severity of autism spectrum disorder is:

level 2

264

The increase in the frequency of ADHD diagnoses raises questions about social factors, such as school settings.

true

265

The quality of attachment is important for cognitive-emotional development and the expression of genes.

true

266

Excessive talking is indicative of autism spectrum disorder

false

267

Greta Thunberg, the environmental activist who has been diagnosed with asperger’s syndrome, regards her diagnosis as a

superpower

268

Some evidence suggests that ADHD (attention deficit & hyperactivity disorder) is over-diagnosed and over-medicated.

true

269

Attachment means the same as temperament or style of reactivity.

false

270

The integrative model of autism spectrum disorder brings together

  • Neurobiological factors – environmental deprivations – toxic levels of stress – traumatic wear and tear

271

Which of the following is NOT indicative of autism spectrum disorder?

broad interests

272

Children who have suffered ACEs likely

  • have difficulty shutting off their stress response (esp. the production of glucocorticoids)

273

When a person responds only to very direct social approaches, then the severity of autism spectrum disorder is:

level3

274

When a person attempts to make friends, but these attempts are odd and typically unsuccessful, then the severity of autism spectrum disorder is:

level 1

275

From the perspective of a person on the autism spectrum the processes of the “normal brain” look (check all that apply)

easily distractable, obsessivly social, incapable of sufficient attention to detail

276

The quality of childhood attachment impacts epigenetic processes.

true

277

Research evidence for isolated factors leads to competing theories that are inadequate to explain autism spectrum disorder.

true

278

When a person has only a few words of intelligible speech and rarely initiates interaction, then the severity of autism spectrum disorder is:

level3

279

Children who have suffered ACEs likely

  • have difficulty shutting off their stress response (esp. the production of glucocorticoids)

280

ACEs are common only in economically disadvantaged neighborhoods.

false

281

Which of the following is NOT indicative of autism spectrum disorder?

broad interests

282

Attachment means the same as temperament or style of reactivity.

flase

283

Excessive talking is indicative of autism spectrum disorder

false

284

Greta Thunberg, the environmental activist who has been diagnosed with asperger’s syndrome, regards her diagnosis as a

superpower

285

When a person responds only to very direct social approaches, then the severity of autism spectrum disorder is:

level3

286

Secure attachment is experienced by the majority of children in the U.S.

true

287

Children who got sick shortly after receiving the MRR (measles, mumps, & rubella) vaccinations suffered from

mitochondrial disease

288

The increase in the frequency of ADHD diagnoses raises questions about social factors, such as school settings.

true

289

Some evidence suggests that ADHD (attention deficit & hyperactivity disorder) is over-diagnosed and over-medicated.

true

290

When a person attempts to make friends, but these attempts are odd and typically unsuccessful, then the severity of autism spectrum disorder is:

level1

291

The original research documenting the role of vaccinations as cause of autism spectrum disorder has been replicated again and again.

false

292

The quality of attachment is important for cognitive-emotional development and the expression of genes.

true