APUSH 25 Flashcards

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The Tremendously rapid growth of american cities in post civil war decades was

A. uniquely american

b. fueled by an agricultural system suffering from pore production levels

c. attributable to the close of the frontier

d. a trend that affected europe as well

e. a result of natural reproduction



the major factor in drawing country people off the farms and into the big cities was the

a. development of the skyscraper

b. availablity of industrial jobs

c. compact nature of those large communities

d. advent of new housing structures known as dumbbell tenements

e. lure of culture excitemnet



in 1900 the 2 largest cities in the world were

a. buenos aires and mexico city

b. paris and london

c. shanghai and calcutta

d. london and nyc

e. berlin and madrid



the development of electric trolleys in late 19th century transformed the american city by

a. ending horse drawn transportation in the city

b. enabling cities to build upward as well as outward

c. separating the mass transportation of the working class from the private vehicles of the wealthy

d. enabling cities to plan streets along regular grid lines

e. creating distinct districts devoted to residential neighborhoods, commerce, and industry



all these were factors that increasingly made cities more attractive than farms for young adults except

a. electricty, indoor plumbing

b. advent of skyscrapers

c. urban nightlife

d. industrial jobs

e. the lower cost of living



one of the early symbols of the dawning era of consumerism in urban America was

a. Mass production factories

b. the Sears catalog

c. Advertising billboards

d. public transportation systems

e. large department stores



The move to cities lead to what major and enduring change in American lifestyle?

a. Delayed marriages

b. fragmented family life

c. more waste and the need for waste disposal

d. an emphasis on thrift

e. increase wealth



Which one of the following has the least in common with the other four?

a. slums

b. dumbbell tenements

c. bedroom communities

d. flophouses



American cities increasingly abandon wooden construction for brick and steel in their downtown districts after

a. the great Chicago fire of 1871

b. the development of the electric elevator in the sky scraper

c. brickmaking became cheaper and iron was supersuceded by more durable steel for construction purposes

d. architects preferred to design steel and brick structures



The new immigrants who came to the United States after 1880

a. had experience with democratic governments

b. arrive primarily from Germany Sweden and Norway

c. were culturally different from previous immigrants

d. received a warm welcome from the old immigrants



the two immigrant ethnic groups who are the most harshly treated in the mid to late 19 century were the

a. Spanish and Greeks

b. Irish and Chinese

c. Germans and swedes

d. Japanese and Filipino



most Italian immigrants to the United States between 1880 and 1920 came to escape

a. Political oppression

b. famine

c. The political disintegration other country

d. The military draft

e. The poverty & backwardness of southern Italy



A bird of passage was an immigrant who

a. pass quickly from Easter imports to the Midwest or west

b. only passed through America on the way to Canada

c. came to the United States to look for a wife

d. Came to America to work for a short time and then return to Europe



most new immigrants

a. eventually returned to their country of origin

b. try to preserve their old country culture in America

c. were subjected to stringent immigration restrictions

d. quickly a simulated into the main stream of American life

e. converted to main stream Protestantism



By the late 19 century most of the old immigrant groups in northern and western Europe

a. actively promoted the idea of multicultural America

b. we're still regarding our suspicion and hostility by the majority of native Americans

c. had largely abandon their ethnically base churches clubs and neighborhood

d. we are largely excepted as American even though they often live in separate ethnic neighborhoods



New immigrant groups were regarded with special hostility by many native Americans because

a. most Americans considered Italian Greek or Jewish culture inferior to their own

b. Many new immigrants attempted to convert Americans to Catholic schism or Christianity

c. in many new immigrant families women were kept in distinctly subordinate role

d. New immigrants were often more politely loyal to their homeland then to the US

e. Their religions were distinctly different and some new immigrants were politically radical



Well big city political bosses in their machines were often criticized they prove necessary in effective in the new urban environment because

a. they were better able to leverage grab money from the federal government

b. they consistently upheld high ethical standards

c. They were closely allied to other urban institutions like the church and big business

d. there are more effective in serving urban immigrants needs than weak state or local government's



Prominent protestant pastors like Walter Rauschenbusch and Washington gladden argued that

a. the ancient Bible should be replaced by more modern scientific sociology and social theory

b. The Christian gospel require the churches address poverty and other burning social issues of the day

c. the churches are in danger of being taken over by anti-intellectual fundamentalism

d. It was up to women to leave the church in an age of industrial democracy



In the new urban environment most liberal protestants

a. believe that a final judgment day was coming soon

b. We're driven out of Main Street seminaries and colleges

c. Welcome ECUMENICAL conversations with Roman Catholics

d. Sharply criticized American society and American government

e. Rejected biblical literalism and adapted religious ideas to modern culture



A sign of increasing diversity by the late 1890s the number of religious dominations in America topped

a. 50

B. 75

c 100

d. 150

e. 200



The Darwinian theory of organic evolution through natural selection affected American religion by

a. turning most scientist against religion

b. Creating a split between religious conservatives who denied evolution and accommodationists who supported it

c. Raising awareness of the close spiritual kinship between animals and human beings

d. Causing a revival the doctrine of original sin



Besides serving immigrants in the poor in urban neighborhood settlement workers like Jane Addams and Florence Kelly

a. actively lobbied for social reforms like anti-sweatshop laws in child labor laws

b. Created the new largely female profession of teaching

c. Look down on the immigrant populations they served

d.Saw themselves primarily as feminist who work to advance women's causes



Settlement houses such as hull house engage in all of the following activities except

a. childcare

b. instruction in English

c. cultural activities

d. Evangelical religious instruction



In the 1890s white-collar positions for women as secretary's Department store clerks and cell phone operators were largely reserved for

a. jews

b. Irish American

c. African-American

d. The college educated

e. Native born Americans



the place to offer the greatest opportunities for American women in the period 1865 - 1900 was

a. The big city

b. The west

c. Suburban community

d. rural America



The vast majority of employed female workers in the late 19 century were

a. African Americans

b. Just arrived in the country

c. Single

d. Married but without children



Labor unions favored immigration restriction because most immigrants were all of the following except

a. Opposed to factory labor

b. Use this drake breakers

c. Willing to do work for lower wages

d.Difficult to unionize

e. Non-English speaking



The American protective Association

a. Preach the social gospel the churches were obligated to protect new immigrants

b. Was lead for many years by Florence Kelly and Jane Addams

c. Supported immigration restrictions

d. Establish settlement houses in several major cities in order a new immigrants



The religious denomination that was the most positively engage with the new immigration was

a. Roman catholic

b. Baptist

c. Christian scientist

d. Mormons



the intellectual development that seriously disturbed the churches in the late 19 century was

a. Growing feminist assault on theories of male superiority

b. Growing awareness of non-Christian religion

c. rising theories of white racial superiority

d.Biology of Charles Darwin



When liberal Protestantism attended to accommodate religion to modern science it also tended to

a. Relegate religion to private sphere of personal conduct and family life

b. Make Protestantism a powerful actor on national political stage

c. Link relation to theories of racial superiority an imperialistic survival of the fittest



the new research oriented modern American university tended to

a. Focused primarily on theory rather than practical subject

b. Given the emphasis to the importance of religion and cultural tradition

c. Take the lead in movement of social and political rights

d. Deemphasize religious and moral instruction in favor of practical subjects and professionals specialization



the two major sources of funding for the powerful new American research universities were

a. Tuition paid by undergraduate students and fees charged those serve by the University

b. State land grants and wealthy philanthropic indiviudalists

c. The federal government and local communities



the pragmatist were school of American philosophers who emphasized

a. the provisional and fallible nature of knowledge and the value of ideas that solve problems

b.Ideas were largely worthless and only practical experience should be pursued

c. that the traditional Greek ideals of Plato and Aristotle should be revived



Americans offered ground support for free public education system

a. to combat the growing strength of Catholic schools

b. When the CHAUTAUQUA movement began to decline

c. because they excepted the idea that a free government cannot function without educated citizens

d. Private schools began to fold



Booker T. Washington believe that the key to political and civil rights for African-Americans was

a. The vote

b. Rigorous academic training

c. The rejection of acccomodationist attitudes

d. Economic independence and education



the post- Civil War era witnessed

a. An increase in compulsory school attendance laws

b. the collapse of the CHAUTAUQUA movement

c. rejection of the German system of kindergarten

d. Slow rise in illteracy rate



the success of public schools is best events by

a. the large number of students graduating from them

b. the ways in which they help assimilate massive numbers of immigrants

c. The falling illiteracy rate to just over 10% by 1900



As a leader of the African-American community Booker T. Washington

a. 'help to find the national Association for the advancement of colored people

b. advocated for social equality

c. Discovered hundred the uses for the peanut

d. Promoted black self-help I did not challenge segregation



the morrill act of 1862

a. establish women's colleges like vassar

b. required compulsory school attendance through high school

c. Establish the modern American research university

d. Granted public lands to states to support higher education



in criticizing Booker T. Washington educational emphasis on manual labor and industrial training WEB Du Bois emphasize instead that black education should concentrate

a. Adult education

b. Education for political action

c. Developing separate black schools in college

d. Primary primary and secondary education

e. And intellectually gifted talented 10th



'Black leader Dr. WEb dubois

a. demanded complete equality for African-Americans

b. establish an industrial school at Alabama

c. Supported the goals of Booker T. Washington

d. What is an ex slave who rose to fame



In the decades after the Civil War college education for women

a. became more difficult to obtain

b. Was confined to a women's colleges

c. Became much more common

d. Resulted in the passage of the hatch act

e. Blossoms especially in the south



which of the following was not among the major new research universities found in the post Civil War era

a. Harvard

b. The University of California

c. Johns Hopkins University

d. The university of Chicago

e. Stanford



during the industrial revolution life expectancy

a. Decrease

b. Change very little

c. Was much higher in Europe than in the US

d. Measurably increased

e. Rose for women more than man



The public library moving across America was great we eat it by the generous financial support from

a. The federal government's morrill act

b. Andrew Carnegie

c. John D Rockefeller

d. Local friends of the library



The two late 19 century newspaper publishers who's competition for circulation feel the rise of sensationalist yellow journalism were

a. horaitio alger and harlan e halsey

b. henry adams henry james

c. henry george and edward

d. william randolph heartst and joseph pulitzer



American newspapers expand their circulation in public attention by

a. printing hard-hitting editorials

b. Who setting for social reforms

c. repudating the tactics of Joseph Pulitzer and William Hearst

d. printing sensational stories of sex and scandal



Henry George believes that the route of social inequality and social injustice lay in

a. stock speculators and financers who manipulated the price of real goods and services

b. Labor unions artificially drill out the prices of wages in therefore goods

c. landowners who gained an unearned wealth from rising land value

d. people who gain excessive profits from exploiting workers



Edward BELLANY novel looking backward inspired numerous late 19 century social reformers by

a. shooting that woman's work in the home was seriously undervalue

b. hsowing single tax end poverty

c. showing the hypocrisy of urban wealth

d. portraying a utopian America in the year 2000 or nationalize in the streets of all social problems



General Luis Wallace's book ben hur

a. Achieve success only after his death

b. Was based on a popular early movie

c. Detailed Wallace's experience in the civil war

d. defending Christianity against darwinism



Match each of these late 19 century writers with the theme of his work

a. lewis wallace

b. horation alger

c. henry james

d. william dean howells

1. success and honor as the products of honesty

2. anti-Darwinism support for the holy Scriptures

3. Contemporary social problems like divorce labor strikes in socialism

4. Psychological realism and the dilemmas of sophisticated woman






Which of the following prominent post Civil War writers did not reflect the increase attention to social problems by those with less affluent backgrounds

a. Mark twain

b. William Dean Howells

c. Stephen Crane

d. Kate Chopin

e. Henry Adam



in the decades after the Civil War changes in sexual attitudes and practices reflected in all of the following except

a. soaring divorce rates

b. the spelling practice of birth control

c. more children being born out of wedlock

d. increasingly frank discussion of sexual topics



In the course of the late 19 century

a. birth rate increase

b. Divorce rate cell

c. Family size gradually declined

d. People tended to marry at an earlier age



By the 1900s advocates of woman suffrage

a. acknowledge that women were biologically weaker than men but claimed that they deserve the vote anyway

b. temporarily abandoned the movement for the vote

c. formed strong alliances with African-American seeking voting rights

d. argue that the vote would enable women to extend their roles as mothers and homemakers to the public world



What are the most important factors leading to an increase divorce rate in the late 19 century was

a. decline in farm income

b. stresses of urban life

c. emerging feminist movement



Reflecting women's increasing independence in the late 1890s author feminist Charlotte Gilman supported all of the following except

a. Women abandoning their dependence status

b. Women seeking power via their roles as wives and mothers

c. notions that biology made women fundamentally different from men



The national American woman suffrage Association

a. Achieve it central political goal in 1898

b. Conducted an integrated campaign for equal rights

c. elected ida b wells as its president

d.limited its membership to whites



The growing prohibition movement especially reflected the concerns of

a. The new immigrants

b. Big businesses

c. The poor and working-class

d. Middle class women



During industrialization Americans increasingly

a. Had less free time

b. Outlawed cruel sports like boxing

c. Became less involved in physical sports and games

d. Shared a common standardized popular culture



which of the following sports was not developed in decades following the Civil War

a. Basketball

b. Bicycling

c. croquet

d. college football

e. baseball