Chapter 1

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1
card image

Identify the cavity that houses the spinal cord. A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

B

2
card image

Label A points to the ________ cavity.

A) thoracic

B) pelvic

C) cranial

D) abdominal

C

3
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Identify the cavity that houses the heart and lungs (and other organs).

A) Label A

B) Label E

C) Label C

D) Label F

C

4
card image

Identify the structure that separates the thoracic cavity from the rest of the ventral cavity.

A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E

F) Label F

D

5
card image

Label F points to the ________ cavity.

A) thoracic

B) pelvic

C) cranial

D) abdominal

B

6
card image

Identify the cavity that houses the stomach, liver, and other digestive organs.

A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E

F) Label F

E

7

A structure composed of two or more tissue types that performs a specific function for the body is a(n) ________.

A) organ

B) tissue

C) cell

D) organ system

A

8

The heart and blood vessels are the primary organs of the ________ system.

A) lymphatic

B) integumentary

C) cardiovascular

D) muscular

C

9

The skeletal muscles that contract and shorten to move the bones form the ________ system.

A) skeletal

B) muscular

C) endocrine

D) reproductive

B

10

The ________ system rids the body of indigestible food residue in feces while the ________ system removes nitrogen-containing metabolic waste in urine.

A) urinary; digestive

B) cardiovascular; urinary

C) digestive; urinary

D) reproductive; digestive

C

11

________ refers to all of the chemical reactions in the body.

A) Metabolism

B) Homeostasis

C) Hematopoiesis

D) Irritability

A

12

Normal human body temperature is ________° C (or ________° F).

A) 37; 98

B) 100; 212

C) 98; 37

D) 72; 102

A

13

The component of a control system that provides the means for the control center's response (output) is called the ________.

A) stimulus

B) effector

C) receptor

D) control center

B

14

The net effect of the effector is to shut off the original ________, or reduce its intensity, during the negative feedback mechanism to restore homeostasis.

A) response

B) receptor

C) control center

D) stimulus

D

15

When we imagine a person exhibiting anatomical position, the palms of the hands are assumed to be facing ________.

A) to the side

B) forward

C) down

D) behind

B

16

The body's ability to maintain stable internal conditions is referred to as ________.

A) metabolism

B) homeostasis

C) irritability

D) output

B

17

The femoral region is ________ to the crural region.

A) superior (proximal)

B) inferior (distal)

C) anterior

D) lateral

A

18

The armpit area is called the ________ region.

A) brachial

B) antebrachial

C) axillary

D) femoral

C

19

The vertebral region is ________ to the sternal region.

A) lateral

B) dorsal (posterior)

C) ventral (anterior

D) medial

B

20

The central region of the thoracic cavity containing the heart is called the ________.

A) pleural cavity

B) mediastinum

C) quadrant

D) visceral cavity

B

21

The right and left iliac (inguinal) regions are lateral to the ________ region.

A) hypogastric (pubic)

B) right hypochondriac

C) right lumbar

D) left hypochondriac

A

22

The cranial and spinal cavities are subdivisions of the ________ cavity.

A) ventral

B) abdominopelvic

C) thoracic

D) dorsal

D

23

The diaphragm creates a ________ section between the thoracic and abdominal body cavities.

A) transverse (cross)

B) median

C) midsagittal

D) frontal (coronal)

A

24

The hypogastric (pubic) region is ________ to the umbilical region.

A) superior

B) inferior

C) posterior

D) medial

B

25

Ventral is a directional term synonymous with ________ in humans.

A) posterior

B) dorsal

C) anterior

D) medial

C

26

Which region is medial?

A) right hypochondriac region

B) epigastric region

C) right lumbar region

D) left lumbar region

B

27

The navel is located in the ________ region of the abdominopelvic cavity.

A) epigastric

B) hypogastric

C) umbilical

D) right lumbar

C

28

The two major body cavities are ________ and ________.

A) abdominopelvic; thoracic

B) ventral; dorsal

C) cranial; dorsal

D) thoracic; ventral

B

29

The abdominopelvic and thoracic cavities are subdivisions of the ________ cavity.

A) superior

B) ventral

C) dorsal

D) pelvic

B

30

The orbital cavities house the ________.

A) mouth

B) nose

C) eyes

D) ears

C

31

The abdominopelvic cavity has ________ quadrants and ________ regions.

A) 6; 10

B) 9; 4

C) 4; 2

D) 4; 9

D

32

The majority of the liver and the gallbladder are situated in the ________ region of the abdominopelvic cavity.

A) right lumbar

B) left hypochondriac

C) right hypochondriac

D) right iliac (inguinal)

C

33

The epigastric region is ________ to the right hypochondriac region of the abdominopelvic cavity.

A) medial

B) superior

C) dorsal

D) lateral

A

34
card image

In which region is the stomach located?

A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E

F) Label F

A

35
card image

Which region is the umbilical region?

A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E

F) Label F

C

36
card image

Which region is lateral to the umbilical region?

A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E

F) Label F

D

37
card image

Which region is associated with the lower ribs? A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E

F) Label F

B

38
card image

The hypogastric (pubic) region is:

A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E

F) Label F

E

39

Which region is situated inferior to the right lumbar region?

A) Label A

B) Label B

C) Label C

D) Label D

E) Label E

F) Label F

F

40

The study of the structure and shape of the body and its parts and their relationships to one another is called ________.

A) anatomy

B) physiology

C) homeostasis

D) negative feedback

E) irritability

A

41

Which of the following activities represents a physiological study?

A) making a section through the kidney to observe its interior

B) examining the surface of a bone

C) viewing muscle tissue through a microscope

D) studying how the layers of the skin are organized

E) observing how the heart contracts to pump blood

E

42

Which of the following is the correct sequence, going from simplest to most complex, in the levels of structural organization of the human body?

A) chemical level, cellular level, tissue level, organ level, organ system level, organismal level

B) chemical level, tissue level, cellular level, organ system level, organ level, organismal level

C) cellular level, chemical level, tissue level, organ level, organ system level, organismal level

D) cellular level, tissue level, chemical level, organ level, organ system level, organismal level

E) cellular level, chemical level, tissue level, organ system level, organismal level, organ level

A

43

The building blocks of ALL matter are known as ________.

A) organs

B) tissues

C) atoms

D) cells

E) organ systems

C

44

The major organs of the cardiovascular system are the ________.

A) skeletal muscles

B) pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and lungs

C) bones, cartilages, ligaments, and joints

D) brain, spinal cord, nerves, sensory receptors

E) heart and blood vessels

E

45

The main function of the respiratory system is to ________.

A) transport oxygen, nutrients, and wastes to and from body cells and tissues

B) produce sperm and eggs

C) supply the body with oxygen and remove carbon dioxide

D) control body activities through hormones released into the blood

E) break down food and deliver the products to the blood for dispersal

C

46

The system that controls and coordinates the body through hormones is the ________.

A) integumentary system

B) skeletal system

C) nervous system

D) endocrine system

E) digestive system

D

47

The muscular system consists of the ________.

A) skeletal muscles

B) muscles of the heart

C) muscles in the walls of hollow organs

D) skeletal muscles and the muscles of the heart

E) muscles of the heart and those in the walls of the hollow organs

A

48

Which two organ systems include the pancreas? A) digestive and endocrine systems

B) urinary and respiratory systems

C) reproductive and urinary systems

D) digestive and respiratory systems

E) endocrine and respiratory systems

A

49

Which system covers the external surface of the body and protects deeper tissues?

A) endocrine system

B) integumentary system

C) nervous system

D) lymphatic system

E) skeletal system

B

50

What is the major function of the lymphatic system?

A) return leaked fluids back to the cardiovascular system

B) produce offspring

C) eliminate nitrogen-containing metabolic wastes from the body

D) break down food into absorbable units

E) secrete hormones to regulate body processes such as growth and reproduction

A

51

What are two organ systems that are involved in the excretion of wastes from the body?

A) digestive and urinary

B) cardiovascular and skeletal

C) muscular and skeletal

D) endocrine and nervous

E) cardiovascular and nervous

A

52

Which of the following systems is matched most accurately to the life function it provides?

A) integumentary system - movement

B) nervous system - excretion

C) muscular system - maintaining boundaries

D) nervous system - responsiveness

E) respiratory system - digestion

D

53

Which survival need accounts for 60 to 80 percent of body weight?

A) nutrients

B) oxygen

C) water

D) minerals

E) vitamins

C

54

Which of the following is the correct order of elements in a control system?

A) receptor, stimulus, afferent pathway, control center, efferent pathway, effector, response

B) receptor, stimulus, efferent pathway, control center, afferent pathway, effector, response

C) effector, stimulus, efferent pathway, control center, afferent pathway, receptor, response

D) stimulus, receptor, afferent pathway, control center, efferent pathway, effector, response

E) stimulus, receptor, efferent pathway, control center, afferent pathway, effector, response

D

55

Which of the following elements of a control system detects a change?

A) control center

B) stimulus

C) effector

D) receptor

E) efferent pathway

D

56

Positive feedback systems ________.

A) involve blood clotting and the birthing of a baby

B) operate in such a way that the initial stimulus is enhanced and increases

C) operate in such a way that the initial stimulus is shut off or reduced

D) involve blood clotting and the birthing of a baby, and operate in such a way that the initial stimulus is enhanced and increases

E) involve blood clotting and the birthing of a baby, and operate in such a way that the initial stimulus is shut off or reduced

D

57

Which of the following is considered a normal body temperature?

A) 29 degrees Celsius

B) 35 degrees Celsius

C) 37 degrees Celsius

D) 42 degrees Celsius

E) 45 degrees Celsius

C

58

When correctly situated in anatomical position, where are your feet in relation to your knees?

A) proximal

B) medial

C) superior

D) distal

E) deep

D

59

Which of the following orientation and directional terms have the same meaning (in humans)?

A) superior and caudal

B) inferior and cranial

C) inferior and cephalic

D) anterior and ventral

E) anterior and dorsal

D

60

Which orientation and directional term means toward the midline of the body?

A) superficial

B) posterior

C) medial

D) anterior

E) lateral

C

61

Jerome plays football and recently broke a bone in the tarsal region. This region is in the ________. A) calf

B) thigh

C) groin

D) ankle

E) wrist

D

62

Sudie works as an administrative assistant and has developed carpal tunnel syndrome. What part of her body is affected?

A) elbow

B) wrist

C) shoulder

D) neck

E) lower back

B

63

In reference to the relationship between the patellar and popliteal regions, which of the following statements is correct?

A) The patellar region is superior to the popliteal region.

B) The patellar region is proximal to the popliteal region. C) The patellar region is distal to the popliteal region.

D) The patellar region is lateral to the popliteal region.

E) The patellar region is anterior to the popliteal region.

E

64

Which body cavity is part of the dorsal cavity?

A) thoracic cavity

B) spinal cavity

C) nasal cavity

D) orbital cavity

E) abdominopelvic cavity

B

65

The lungs and heart are situated in the ________ body cavity.

A) dorsal

B) spinal

C) thoracic

D) cranial

E) abdominopelvic

C

66

Which of these body regions is located on the inferior body surface?

A) antebrachial

B) coxal C) gluteal

D) plantar

E) femoral

D

67

The region that refers to the fingers and toes is the ________.

A) carpal region

B) digital region

C) antebrachial region

D) brachial region

E) axillary region

B

68

The dorsal body cavity houses the ________.

A) urinary and reproductive organs

B) heart and lungs

C) digestive and reproductive organs

D) tongue

E) spinal cord and brain

E

69

Which region is associated with the lower limb? A) brachial

B) antebrachial

C) axillary

D) popliteal

E) sacral

D

70

Which of these regions is NOT associated with the ventral (anterior) portion of the head?

A) buccal

B) oral

C) orbital

D) occipital

E) nasal

D

71

The surgeon asked the surgical technician to help create an opening in the chest during open heart surgery along a plane that equally separated the right and left halves of the thoracic cavity. This section is known as a(n) ________.

A) median (midsagittal) section

B) frontal section

C) transverse section

D) horizontal section

E) parasagittal section

A

72

Which type of section could be used to separate the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity?

A) coronal

B) sagittal

C) dorsal

D) ventral

E) transverse

E

73

Which cavity houses the mediastinum?

A) thoracic

B) pelvic

C) abdominal

D) cranial

E) spinal

A

74

Which set of regions in the abdominopelvic cavity is medial?

A) umbilical, right lumbar, and left lumbar regions

B) epigastric, umbilical, and hypogastric (pubic) regions

C) iliac (inguinal), lumbar, and hypogastric (pubic) regions

D) epigastric, right, and left hypochondriac regions

E) right and left iliac (inguinal), and hypogastric (pubic) regions

B

75

The thoracic cavity is ________ to the abdominopelvic cavity.

A) inferior

B) lateral

C) proximal

D) superior

E) dorsal

D

76

The ribs are located in the ________.

A) right and left iliac (inguinal) regions

B) right and left lumbar regions

C) right and left pubic regions

D) right and left hypochondriac regions

E) right and left inguinal regions

D

77

Which of the following statements is correct regarding the location of the stomach?

A) The stomach is located in the left upper quadrant.

B) The stomach is located in the right upper quadrant.

C) The stomach is located medially.

D) The stomach is located in the left lower quadrant.

E) The stomach is located in the right lower quadrant.

A

78

T/F: Cells are the building blocks of all matter.

FALSE

79

T/F: The endocrine system is the fast-acting body control system.

FALSE

80

T/F: The adrenals, pancreas, thyroid, and parathyroids are glands of the endocrine system.

TRUE

81

T/F: Hematopoiesis is a function of the skeletal system.

TRUE

82

T/F: Responsiveness, or irritability, is the major responsibility of the skeletal system.

FALSE

83

T/F: Most homeostatic control mechanisms are negative feedback mechanisms.

TRUE

84

T/F: The human body consists of approximately 60% to 80% water.

TRUE

85

T/F: In anatomical position, a person is assumed to be standing erect.

TRUE

86

T/F: The heel of the foot constitutes the plantar region.

FALSE

87

T/F: Proximal means farther from the origin of a body part

FALSE

88

T/F: The hypogastric (pubic) region is directly superior to the umbilical region.

FALSE

89

T/F: The thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominopelvic cavity by the diaphragm

TRUE

90

T/F: The spinal cavity is part of the ventral body cavity

FALSE

91

T/F: Transverse or cross sections divide the body into anterior and posterior parts

FALSE

92

T/F: There is no physical structure that separates the abdominal cavity from the pelvic cavity.

TRUE