chapter 6 - bones and skeletal tissue Flashcards


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1

The structure of bone tissue suits the function. which of the following bone tissues is adapted to support weight and withstand tension stress?

compact bone

2

yellow bone marrow contains a large percentage of _______.

fat

3

the cell responsible for secreting the matrix of bone is the _____.

osteoblast

4

a fracture in the shaft of a bone would be a break in the _____.

diaphysis

5

factors preventing (or delaying) osteoporosis include?

drinking fluoridated water

6

what is the structural unit of compact bone

the osteon

7

bones are constantly undergoing resorption for various reasons. Which of the following cells accomplishes this process?

osteoclast

8

Which hormone increases osteoclast activity to release more calcium ions into the blood-stream

parathyroid hormone

9

the universal loss of mass seen in the skeleton, which begins about the age of 40,____.

reflects incomplete osteon formation and mineralization

10

Which of the following glands or organs produces hormones that tend to decrease blood calcium levels

thyroid

11

osteomyelitis is ____.

due to pus-forming bacteria

12

osteogenesis is the process of _______.

bone formation

13

growth of bones is controlled by a symphony of hormones. which hormone is important for bone growth during infancy and childhood?

growth hormone

14

Normal bone formation and growth are dependent on the adequate intake of______.

calcium, phosphate, and vitamin D

15

ostealgia is _________.

pain in a bone

16

blood cell formation is called________.

Hematopoiesis

17

a bone embedded in a tendon is called a ________ bone

sesamoid

18

_____ is a disease of the bone in which reabsorption outpaces bone deposit, leaving the person with think thin and often very fragile bones.

osteoporosis