Chapter 16 Endocrine System

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1

What is the major function of the endocrine system

Endocrine system works hand in hand with the nervous system to direct and integrate the cellular/ metabolic activities of the entire body

2

What is Hormone

chemical messenger that is released in the blood but regulates cellular/metabolic activities throughout the body or specific cells called target cells

3

What is Target Cell

specific cell used in hormone messaging

4

What is endocrine gland

gland that releases hormones into the blood; its ductless

5

What is endocrine tissue

various organs have tissues within that secrete hormones

6

what is neuroendocrine organ

special neurons produce and secrete neurohormones

7

Hormones are involved in the body's regulation of

metabolism, electrolyte and water balance, reproduction, growth and development, response to stress

8

What composes the 5 endocrine glands

Pituitary gland (hypophysis), thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, adrenal gland (suprarenal), pineal gland

9

What are the 6 endocrine tissues

pancreas, ovary/testis, placenta, intestines, kidney, heart

10

what is the neuroendocrine organ

hypothalamus