2 classes of ritual
human event (birth, death, marriage)
seasonal or historic event
2 functions of ritual
reaffirm community identity
illustrate an event or teaching
an outward visible sign on an inward invisible grace - BCP
presence of God
Sacrificial ritual dates back to...
Paleolithic times (from the beginning to about 10,000 bc)
4 functions of sacrificial ritual
a "safety valve" for intra-tribal tensions
a "giving" intended to persuade the gods to give
Which came first, ritual or myth?
Ritual. Myths serve to explain ritual.
Example of ritual that has outlived its purpose or serves as window of imagination into other worlds
British crown ceremonies
3 common elements of a rite of passage
separation from community
transition from one stage to another
reincorporation into community with a new role
4 classes of life cycle ritual
puberty/initiation into adulthood
4 common elements of seasonal ritual
4 functions of ritual
heightened state of consciousness
repetition for a sense of order
highlight division b/w varying states of belief
Catholic theory of ritual
Ritual accomplishes its purpose regardless of the subjective perception of participants
Hindu life cycle ritual of detachment from worldly obligations
When did Christmas become the predominant Christian holy day, rather than Easter?
Within the past 150 years or so.
Passover commemorates ...
Hebrew exodus from Egypt
Pentecost was a Jewish holy day commemorating ...
Moses' receipt of the covenant with God on Mt Sinai
When does a Jewish day begin?
At sundown rather than after midnight.
When does Seder (Passover) begin?
sundown on the 15th day of Nissan (April?)
Jewish year begins at ...
Rosh Hashanah (Autumn). Also begins the High Holy Days
Yom Kippur is ...
The highest holy day, Day of Atonement (purification)