PSYCH EXAM

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1

Psychologists responsible for education and training programs take reasonable steps to ensure that
the programs are designed to provide the appropriate ____________ and proper ___________.
a. information, experiences
b. knowledge, experiences
c. knowledge, training
d. information, training

B

2

Standard 7.02 requires that psychologists responsible for education and training programs take
reasonable steps to ensure that:
a. prospective students have an accurate description of the program
b. current students have an accurate description of the program
c. the university has an accurate description of the program
d. prospective and current students have an accurate description of the program

D

3

Dr. Green is a new adjunct professor at a small private university. He has never taught before. He has
created the syllabi for his course. He needs to ensure his students receive a copy by:
a. the beginning of the course
b. part way through the course
c. at the end of the course
d. whenever he chooses to provide it

A

4

When engaged in teaching or training, psychologists present psychological information __________.
a. appropriately
b. accurately
c. correctly
d. unbiasedly

B

5

When individual or group therapy is a program or course requirements, psychologists responsible for
that program allow students to select therapy from:
a. current faculty
b. list of approved faculty providers
c. list of approved providers affiliated with the program
d. practitioners unaffiliated with the program

D

6

In academic and supervisory relationships, psychologists establish a ________ and ________
process for providing feedback to students and supervisees.
a. timely, specific
b. timely, general
c. overall, timely
d. required, timely

A

7

Dr. Smith is a military psychologist who supervises trainees in American combat theaters. To provide
timely and constructive feedback, Dr. Smith needs:
a. no special competencies
b. the same competencies as other supervisees
c. enhanced competencies to address unique nature of trainee stress
d. enhanced competencies to address unique nature of trainee depression

C

8

____________ and ____________ require that academic and supervisory evaluations should never
be based on student personal characteristics that have not been observed to affect their performance.
a. Fairness, justice
b. Accuracy, justice
c. Ethics, law
d. Ethics, regulations

A

9

____________ and ____________ require that academic and supervisory evaluations should never
be based on student personal characteristics that have not been observed to affect their performance.
a. Fairness, justice
b. Accuracy, justice
c. Ethics, law
d. Ethics, regulations

A

10

Under Standard 7.07 sexual relationships between supervisees and supervisors is ______________.
a. ethical
b. probably ethical
c. prohibited
d. permitted

C

11

Sexual relationships between students and professor/supervisors are a specific example of
___________, ___________, and _______________.
a. unethical, multiple, relationship
b. ethical, multiple, relationship
c. ethical, allowable, behavior
d. unethical, prohibited, behavior

A

12

The prohibition of sexual relationships under Standard 7.07 applies to all of the following, except:
a. students and professors
b. students and supervisors
c. teaching or research assistants and students
d. undergraduate students and graduate students

D

13

A competency-based approach to supervision requires techniques for successfully monitoring,
assessing, and providing feedback to trainees and an emphasis on ___________ and _______________
on the part of supervisor and trainee.

a. trust, honesty
b. trust, commitment
c. self-reflection, self-assessment
d. openness, honesty

C

14

Student Jane has begun her practicum experience. She will be meeting for the first time with the
supervisor at her practicum site. Jane should do all of the following, except:
a. to listen carefully to supervisor, and not ask questions
b. to ask for relevant information about practicum responsibilities
c. to ask questions about the goals and evaluation of practicum experience
d. to be honest and open in discussing her current level of clinical competence

A

15

Psychologists responsible for education and training programs have an obligation to establish
relationships of loyalty and trust with their institutions, students, and members of society.

A) True

B) False

A

16

Training program descriptions do not need to include if the program requires personal counseling or
participation in experiential groups.

A) True

B) False

B

17

Educational and training programs must require students to engage in personal psychotherapy.

A) True

B) False

B

18

Psychologists may require students to disclose personal information in course or program-related
activities.

A) True

B) False

B

19

If a student’s problems pose a threat of self-harm or harm to others, psychologists are permitted to
require students or supervisees to disclose the personal information necessary to help evaluate the
nature of the problem.

A) True

B) False

A

20

Faculty who are or are likely to be responsible for evaluating students’ academic performance may
themselves provide therapy to the students.

A) True

B) False

b

21

Educational and training programs are required to provide feedback to students and supervisees at the
beginning of supervision.

A) True

B) False

A

22

Supervisors and students are not prohibited from entering into intimate relationships with each other.

A) True

B) False

B

23

The APA Record Keeping Guidelines recommend that absent specific legal requirements, complete
records are maintained at minimum:
a. 5 years
b. 7 years
c. 10 years
d. 15 years

B

24

Information about billing and payment is required to be in the client’s file. It should include information
about all of the following, except:
a. fee and billing agreement
b. barter agreements
c. comparison of fees with other psychologists
d. fee collection efforts

C

25

Dr. Clark is a school psychologist who provides not only assessment services, but clinical
psychotherapy services in the school. For Dr. Clark’s mental health records not to be included under
FERPA, he must do all of the following except:
a. to keep the records separate from the educational records
b. to discuss student treatment with school personnel
c. to restrict access to records from school staff
d. to label there records as mental health records

B

26

Psychologists conducting research must create and maintain records in a manner that allows for
_______________ of the research design by the psychologist or others.
a. application
b. understanding
c. replication
d. description

C

27

Raw data generated through federal support must be maintained by institutions for at least:
a. 1 year
b. 3 years
c. 5 years
d. 7 years

B

28

Standard 6.02 requires that psychologists take steps to protect the confidentiality of professional or
scientific information by all of the following, except:
a. keeping records in a secure place
b. limiting access to the information
c. permanently keeping tapes and other identifiable records
d. disposing of tapes when no longer needed

C

29

Psychologists may not withhold the release of records due to nonpayment, if those records are
requested in the following situations:
a. client’s emergency situation
b. client’s request
c. client’s demand
d. client’s guardian request

A

30

Fee and financial arrangements must be discussed with the client:
a. before therapy begins
b. during intake
c. during the first session
d. as early as possible

D

31

In specifying compensation, psychologist must include a description of all ___________ costs so that
the client can make an informed hiring decision.
a. anticipated
b. specific
c. general
d. required

A

32

A contingent fee is:
a. a one-time fee
b. an ongoing fee
c. a fee based on current services
d. a fee based on future occurrence

D

33

Compliance with Standard 6.04a in patient-centered medical homes and other primary care
organizations will require an understanding of ____________ versus _____________ models of primary
care.
a. salaried, part time
b. salaried, fee-for-service
c. part time, fee-for-service
d. part time, salaried

B

34

Standard 6.04c requires that psychologists provide to their clients an _____________ statement of
the costs of the services that will be offered.
a. appropriate
b. estimated
c. accurate
d. approved

C

35

Dr. Black has just received information from her client’s insurance provider that limitations will be
placed on the reimbursement for services. Dr. Black needs to:
a. discuss this with the client immediately
b. discuss this with the client as early as feasible
c. not discuss this with the client
d. change the fees required for the service

B

36

If a client does not pay for the services received from a psychologist, the psychologist may:
a. use collection agencies to collect the fees
b. use collection agencies to collect the fees if they have informed the client first
c. never use a collection agency to collect the fees
d. never use legal means to collect the fees

B

37

Psychologists may disclose to collection agencies all of the following, except:
a. client’s name
b. client’s age
c. dollar amount due
d. client’s diagnosis

D

38

Psychologists may barter only if:
a. the money amounts are equivalent
b. it is not clinically contraindicated
c. it is clinically similar
d. the client asks

B

39

Dr. Barnes has a client who is struggling financially. Recognizing that the client is in need of
psychological services, but is unable to pay Dr. Barnes has decided to accept services in payment for
psychological service. Such arrangement is:
a. always unethical
b. probably unethical
c. always ethical
d. may be ethical

D

40

Standard 6.07 prohibits psychologists from charging other professionals for client __________.
a. referrals
b. services
c. transfers
d. records

A

41

Under Standard 6.07, fees charged to clients reflect the services provided. A psychologist may divide
fees with another professional:
a. never, even if both contributed to the service
b. only if both contributed to the service
c. only if one contributed to the service
d. only when client permits

B

42

Clients __________ receive the same quality of care no matter what type of insurance they may
have.
a. will
b. should
c. can
d. must

B

43

Psychologists do not need to document if they talk to their client over the phone.

A) True

B) False

B

44

Psychotherapy notes are considered work product privilege and are immune from subpoena.

A) True

B) False

A

45

Clinical records are always the property of the psychologist, even when working in an organizational
setting.

A) True

B) False

B

46

With the exception of relevant client privilege, the entirety of the forensic psychologist’s records created
or used in a case is subject to discovery.

A) True

B) False

A

47

HIPAA requires that psychologists ensure the security of personal health information in transit and
protect it from unauthorized access, alteration, deletion, and transmission.

A) True

B) False

A

48

Under Standard 6.02b, psychologists are prohibited from storing confidential records in record systems
or databases.

A) True

B) False

B

49

Psychologists are not required to make advanced plans for the transfer and confidentially of their work
product in case they withdraw from clinical services.

A) True

B) False

B

50

Failure to specify and agree on compensation and billing arrangements can lead to mistrust or financial
exploitation.

A) True

B) False

A

51

Psychologists may accept a contingent fee.

A) True

B) False

B

52

Psychologists are permitted to inflate reports of hourly fees for noninsurance patients to obtain a
higher rate for covered services when submitting a provider application to an HMO.

A) True

B) False

B

53

Psychologists aspire to promote __________, ____________, and ____________ in the science,
teaching, and practice of psychology.
a. accuracy, honesty, truthfulness
b. accuracy, precision, faithfulness
c. virtue, honesty, truthfulness
d. virtue, faithfulness, truthfulness

A

54

Standard 5.01a prohibits all of the following public statements, except:
a. to be deceptive
b. to be mistaken
c. to be misleading
d. to be false

C

55

Dr. Stevens was asked by a reporter to describe his private practice and the psychologists he works
with. Dr. Stevens gave a thorough explanation of the background and credentials of each of his
psychologist partners in his practice. Unknown to Dr. Stevens, one of his partners had lied about his
credentials. Under Standard 5.01a, Dr. Stevens is:
a. in violation of the Ethics Code
b. not in violation of the Ethics Code
c. in violation of the Ethics Code and in violation of the law
d. not in violation of the Ethics Code, but in violation of the law

B

56

The term public statements applies to:
a. statements made in personal conversations with clients
b. statements made in private professional conversations with clients
c. statements made in the public domain
d. statements made in conversation with attorneys

C

57

Standard 5.01b does not include the term ___________ that is included in Standard 5.01a.
a. willingly
b. falsely
c. deceptively
d. knowingly

D

58

Dr. Jones has advertisements on his website stating that his type of psychotherapy service is
preferable to any other type. Dr. Jones is in violation of 5.01b unless:
a. he knows he is right
b. he believes he is right
c. he has substantial evidence to support his claim
d. colleagues have told him he is right

C

59

It is ethical for psychologists to include personal information on their professional website, if:
a. it is directly relevant to professional services
b. it is directly relevant to the psychologist
c. it is not false
d. it is not misleading

A

60

Dr. Adams hired a PR firm to promote his new private practice. He provided the firm with all the
relevant information related to his background, credentials, type of services provided, and fees. When the
advertisement came out, Dr. Adams realized that the PR firm had listed his credentials as PhD, rather
than Psy.D. Under Standard 5.02a, Dr. Adams is:
a. not in violation because he did not make the statements
b. is in violation even though he did not make the statements
c. not in violation but he must correct the misstatement
d. not in violation if he corrects the misstatement

D

61

Dr. Smith regularly takes the local reporters out to dinner. He generally takes them to the most
expensive restaurant in town. When questioned Dr. Smith states he is just keeping up good public
relations. However, Dr. Smith may be in violation of Standard 5.02b because his dinners could be
considered:
a. gift
b. pay
c. compensation
d. bribery

C

62

Standard 5.02c ___________ psychologists to run paid advertisements describing their services,
publications, products, or other aspects of their work.
a. prohibits
b. permits
c. denies
d. encourages

B

63

Standard 5.03 requires psychologists to accurately describe workshops and nondegree-granting
educational programs, including all of the following information, except:
a. the educational objectives
b. the educational opportunities
c. the presenters
d. the fees involved

B

64

Standard 5.04 permits psychologists to provide public advice or comment publically, as long as the
statements are based on:
a. professional knowledge
b. private knowledge
c. lay knowledge
d. personal knowledge

A

65

Dr. Jennings has a daytime radio talk show in which she talks about psychological disorders and
provides advice on different treatments for the symptoms of those disorders. One of the listeners has
been calling twice a week for the past six months related to an issue of depression. Dr. Jennings has
continued to advise the caller. In this case, Dr. Jennings may be in violation of Standard 5.04 because:
a. she failed to clarify the educative versus therapeutic nature of the show
b. she failed to avoid language that implies personal knowledge about the caller
c. she failed to avoid the repeated communication with the caller
d. she failed to clarify that it was just a radio show

C

66

Standard 5.05 prohibits the solicitation of testimonials from current and former clients who are
________.
a. vulnerable
b. available
c. agreeable
d. willing

A

67

When a psychologist solicits business from individuals who, because of their particular circumstances,
are vulnerable to undue influence, this is sometimes characterized as:
a. ethical business
b. unethical business
c. ambulance chasing
d. client chasing

C

68

Standard 5.06 prohibits psychologists from soliciting business from individuals who are:
a. vulnerable
b. available
c. agreeable
d. willing

A

69

A major hurricane has swept through Dr. Borden’s small rural town. There were many casualties and
loss of life. Many of the residents have gathered in the community center. Dr. Borden has decided to go
to the community center and offer his services to the individuals in the center. Dr. Borden will not be in
violation of Standard 5.06:
a. if the individuals are willing
b. if Dr. Borden is competent
c. if it increases Dr. Borden’s client list
d. if it does not increase Dr. Borden’s client list

B

70

The terms avoidance and knowingly exclude as violations of 5.01a statements that psychologists would
reasonably be expected to believe are true, but that they may later learn are false.

A) True

B) False

A

71

Website advertising can place psychologists in violation of Ethics Code standards.

A) True

B) False

A

72

Psychologists who engage others to create or place public statements that promote their professional
practice are not responsible for the statements made.

A) True

B) False

B

73

A paid advertisement relating to psychologists’ activities must be identified or clearly recognizable as
such.

A) True

B) False

A

74

Psychologists are prohibited from providing public advice or comments via print, Internet, or other
electronic transmission.

A) True

B) False

B

75

Psychologists are permitted to solicit testimonials from their current clients if it will benefit the
psychologist’s services.

A) True

B) False

B

76

Psychologists have a primary obligation and take reasonable precaution to protect:
a. confidential information.
b. personal information
c. private information
d. privileged information

A

77

The term reasonable precaution in Standard 4.01 recognizes the psychologist’s duty to recognize:
a. that confidentiality may be broken
b. the responsibility to be familiar with appropriate methods of protecting confidentiality
c. the responsibility to be familiar with appropriate methods of protecting confidentiality and that
confidentiality may be broken
d. that privacy may be broken

C

78

Confidentiality of psychotherapy notes can be maintained by all the following procedures, except:
a. to store in locked file cabinets
b. to store in locked car trunk
c. to store in computer files on desktop
d. to store in password-protected computer files

B

79

Practitioners and scientists who work with personal health information should become familiar with the
requirements of:
a. FERPA
b. Privacy Practices
c. HIPAA
d. IDEA

C

80

Dr. Stevens works in a small health care practice providing psychological services. As it is anticipated
that Dr. Stevens will handle personal health information, he will be required to complete all of the
following, except:
a. formally trained in HIPAA
b. sign a confidentiality form
c. sign a privacy form
d. ensure that emails and faxes used to communicate such information will be marked confidential.

C

81

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act of 1974 (FERPA) protects the privacy of student
education records for schools that receive government funds. These rights are extended to:
a. parents
b. students
c. grandparents
d. parents and then transferred to students at age 18, or after leaving high school

D

82

Psychologists _________ with persons, the ________ limits of confidentiality and ____________ uses
of the information generated through their psychological activities.
a. discuss, relevant, foreseeable
b. discuss, appropriate, known
c. talk, relevant, foreseeable
d. talk, appropriate, known

A

83

Limits may be placed on the extent to which private information acquired during psychological services
can be kept confidential. Some limits include all of the following, except:
a. to report suspected child abuse
b. to protect from imminent self-harm
c. upon request from an attorney
d. lawful military investigations

C

84

Psychologists are required to discuss with their clients the limits of confidentiality. This discussion
should occur with:
a. all clients
b. parents
c. legal guardians
d. children

A

85

In the military, there is ____ psychologist–client confidentiality in the traditional sense.
a. some
b. little
c. no
d. absolute

C

86

Under Standard 4.02b, the psychologist should discuss the limits of confidentiality with the client:
a. at the beginning of therapy
b. at the onset of therapy, unless not feasible
c. at the end of therapy
d. at the intake

B

87

Dr. Stevens offer telepsychology services to clients in a very rural area of the state. Standard 4.02c
requires Dr. Stevens to inform his telepsychology clients the _________ to privacy and limits of
confidentiality.
a. risks
b. limits
c. danger
d. boundaries

A

88

Psychologists who use audio, visual, or digital recordings of voices or images to provide services to
individuals must obtain permission from all such persons or their legal representatives ________
recording.
a. after
b. before
c. during
d. when

B

89

Psychologists may discuss confidential information:
a. never
b. for professional purposes
c. for personal purposes
d. for any purpose

B

90

Under the HIPAA Privacy Rule, psychologists working in independent practice, group practices, or
systems of health care are permitted to share personal health information ____________.
a. externally
b. internally
c. externally and internally
d. never

B

91

Psychologists may disclose confidential information with _____________ consent of the
organizational client, individual client, or another legally authorized person on behalf of the client.
a. written
b. oral
c. appropriate
d. reasonable

C

92

Dr. Green has just received a request from her client to release confidential information. Dr. Green is
concerned due to erratic behavior of her client that this may be a spur of the moment decision and that if
she releases the information it may substantially harm her client. Dr. Green may:
a. decline to release the information
b. agree to release the information
c. refuse to release the information
d. submit to release the information

A

93

Standard 4.05b is ______________ rather than __________ in relation to the psychologist’s decision
to disclose confidential information.
a. mandatory, permissive
b. permissive, mandatory
c. obligatory, permissive
d. obligatory, mandatory

B

94

Dr. Black has just been informed by his client that the client intends to harm his neighbor. The client
has been angry over the way his neighbor treats him. Dr. Black need to do all of the following, except:
a. assess his client’s potential for violence
b. document his decisions about dangerousness
c. check his state law if he has a duty-to-protect
d. immediately call the police

D

95

Standard 4.06 permits discussion of confidential information with colleagues ________ consent of
clients.
a. without
b. with
c. after
d. before

A

96

Under Standard 4.07, psychologists may disclose personal information about their clients if:
a. they change the names
b. use their names and tell the client later
c. tell the client and then use their names
d. take reasonable steps to disguise the client

D

97

Psychologists should engage parents and children in discussion about the nature and rationale for
confidentiality and disclosure policies. This can be done through a:
a. consent group
b. consent talk
c. consent conference
d. consent writing

C

98

Protecting the confidentiality of voice or image recordings of clients does not require any special
technical advice or assistance.

A) True

B) False

B

99

Psychologists are required to take reasonable precautions to maintain confidentiality.

A) True

B) False

A

100

Under Standard 4.02 psychologists are required to discuss with their clients the limits of confidentiality.

A) True

B) False

A

101

Permission must be obtained before recording audio, visual, or digital recordings by service providers
and researchers.

A) True

B) False

B

102

Psychologists may disclose confidential information with the appropriate consent of the organization
client, individual client, or another legally authorized person on behalf of the client.

A) True

B) False

A

103

Psychologists are not permitted to refuse to release confidential information when a request has been
made by the client.

A) True

B) False

B

104

All states have a “duty-to-protect” law, which requires all psychologists to warn third parties of the
prospect of harm by a client.

A) True

B) False

B

105

Disclosure without authorization is allowed when required by law

A) True

B) False

A

106

Protecting from harm such as child abuse, neglect, suicide, etc. is a confidentiality exception

A) True

B) False

A

107

When kids are under 18, the school only needs permission from the student for the parents' to access school records

A) True

B) False

B

108

You should use testimonials from current clients

A) True

B) False

B

109

Disclosure without authorization is allowed when protecting public health

A) True

B) False

A

110

When commenting to the media you should go into detail

A) True

B) False

B

111

You can not make statements on issues that are outside the boundaries of their competence based on their education, training, etc

A) True

B) False

A

112

You should destroy recording when they are no longer needed

A) True

B) False

A

113

Disclosure without authorization is allowed when necessary for audit at workplace

A) True

B) False

A

114

You can break confidentiality when information is useful or required

A) True

B) False

A

115

Psychologists are not allowed to divide fees with another professional

A) True

B) False

B

116

Patients do not have a right of access to psychotherapy notes

A) True

B) False

A

117

Professors may persuade their students if their points of view are research based

A) True

B) False

A

118

It is unethical to ask students about their sexual history

A) True

B) False

A

119

It is ethical to ask students about their experience with therapy/ psych meds

A) True

B) False

B

120

You can do therapy with your students

A) True

B) False

B

121

TA's can not have sex with students

A) True

B) False

A