Anatomy ch. 13 Flashcards

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Using Figure 13.1, match the following:

1) Innervates the superior oblique muscle.

2) Longest cranial nerve.

3) Damage to this nerve would cause dizziness, nausea, and loss of balance.

4) Involved in movement of the digestive tract.

5) Damage to this nerve would cause difficulty in speech and swallowing, but no effect on
visceral organs.

6) Damage to this nerve would keep the eye from rotating inferolaterally.

1) Answer: B

2) Answer: D

3) Answer: C

4) Answer: D

5) Answer: E

6) Answer: B


Using Figure 13.2,
identify the following components of the reflex arc:

7) Integration center.

8) Sensory neuron.

9) Effector.

10) Motor neuron.

11) Receptor.

Using Figure 13.2,
identify the following components of the reflex arc:

7) Answer: E

8) Answer: C

9) Answer: B

10) Answer: D

11) Answer: A


12) Formed by the union of a
cranial and a spinal root.

13) Receptors located in
epithelium of the nasal cavity.

14) Serves the senses of hearing
and equilibrium.

15) Helps to regulate blood
pressure and digestion.

16) Turns the eyeball laterally.

A) Vagus
B) Olfactory
C) Accessory
D) Abducens
E) Vestibulocochlear

2) C
13) B
14) E
15) A
16) D


17) Tests both upper and lower
motor pathways. The sole of
the foot is stimulated with a
dull instrument.

18) Checks the integrity of the
spinal cord and dorsal rami at
the level of T8 to T12.

19) Produces a rapid withdrawal
of the body part from a
painful stimulus; ipsilateral.

20) Prevents muscle
overstretching and maintains
muscle tone.

A) Stretch
B) Abdominal
C) Flexor
D) Plantar

17) D
18) B
19) C
20) A


2) A patient suffers nerve damage to the sciatic nerve, requiring surgery to suture the nerve back
together. After surgery, the patient reports that sensation from the lateral and medial sides of
the knee seem to be reversed. How could this happen?

Answer: In suturing the nerve back together, there is no guide to ensure that each nerve fiber
continues across the transection into the same neurilemma in which it started. Nerve
fibers can grow into pathways different from their original ones and establish new
synapses. The brain cannot keep track of which nerve fibers have grown into different
pathways, and projects sensations back to the point of origin.


3) David, an aspiring baseball player, was struck on the left side of his face with a fastball pitch.
He was not wearing a safety helmet. His zygomatic arch was crushed, as well as parts of the
temporal bone. Following the accident and reconstructive surgery, he noted that his left lower
eyelid was still drooping and the corner of his mouth sagged. What nerve damage did he

Answer: He suffered facial nerve damage on his left side. Due to the bone damage, branches to
the eye and jaw were probably damaged. It is possible that the damage could be
reversible if the nerves were not cut or crushed completely.


A nurse is asked about the cause of the excruciating pain of tic douloureux. How should s/he answer?

Answer: The excruciating pain is caused by inflammation of the trigeminal nerve. Pressure on
the trigeminal nerve root can turn normal stimuli like tooth brushing into painful