Ethics Exam 1 Flashcards


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1

The Ethics Code strives to reflect both the ________________ and __________________ of ethical decisions made by members of the profession.

a. aspirations, logical aspects
b. aspirations, practical aspects
c. values, logical aspects
d. values, practical aspects.

B

2

The APA Ethics Code was developed for all the following, except

a. to ensure public welfare
b. to promote sound relationships among professionals
c. to encourage highest endeavors of psychologists
d. to punish unethical psychologists

D

3

Which of the following was a purpose for establishing an Ethics Code?

a. To punish psychologists
b. To gain the public trust
c. To codify a set of regulations and laws for psychology
d. To suggest what psychologists might do in practice

B

4

An Ethics Code should reflect:

a. the moral principles of individual psychologists
b. the moral principles underlying values of the profession
c. the moral principles underlying the policy of the profession
d. the moral principles of society

B

5

The Ethics Code contains how many general standard sections:

a. 5
b. 6
c. 7
d. 10

B

6

One of the changes that occurred to the APA Ethics Code in the 2002 and the 2010 revisions include:

a. gradually combining aspirational principles with general guidelines and ethical standards
b. gradually combining aspirational principles with ethical standards
c. maintaining a distinction between aspirational principles and enforceable standards
d. creating clear distinction between aspirational principles and ethical standards

C

7

Dr. S has been a consultant for the CIA for many years. She has been asked to consult on an interrogation that she has been told will contain harsh interrogation methods. If Dr. S agrees to consult, her participation will be considered ____________ under the APA Ethics Code.

a. ethical if not illegal
b. unethical
c. permissible
d. permissible if not illegal

B

8

The area of the APA Ethics Code that applies to psychologists’ involvement with HMOs is:

a. all standards
b. general standards only
c. area-specific standards
d. standards on record keeping and fees

A

9

The final draft of the first APA Ethics Code was adopted in 1952 and published in 1953.

A) True

B) False

A

10

According to Hobbs, the Ethics Code was designed to control psychologists’ behavior.

A) True

B) False

B

11

One purpose of the Ethics Code is to provide a guide to what psychologists should reasonably expect of themselves and others.

A) True

B) False

A

12

The current Ethics Code was first approved in 2002 and with two standards revised in 2010.

A) True

B) False

A

13

The Ethics Code does not apply to psychology faculty.

A) True

B) False

B

14

The Ethics Code contains:

a. a Preamble and General Standards
b. an Introduction and Applicability Section and General Standards
c. an Introduction and Applicability Section, Preamble, and General Standards and enforceable standards
d. a Preamble, General Standards, and enforceable standards

C

15

The Ethics Code always applies to:

a. APA members and student affiliate members
b. APA members
c. APA members, student affiliates, and faculty
d. APA members, student affiliates, faculty, and psychology students

A

16

Dr. L, an APA member, received notice from the APA Ethics Code that an ethics charge has been made against her. Dr. L responded to the committee by stating that she has not read the Ethics Code, so was unaware that her activity was unethical. Dr. L may:

a. use this as a defense to the charge of unethical behavior
b. not use this as a defense to the charge of unethical behavior
c. use this as an excuse for her unethical behavior
d. not use this as an excuse for her unethical behavior

B

17

To engage in ethical behavior, a psychologist needs to:

a. keep personal values and ethical standards separate
b. replace personal values with ethical standards
c. keep moral values and ethical standards separate
d. integrate moral and personal values with ethical standards

D

18

Some generally accepted ethical values were not included in the ethics code because:

a. the language of the values were too specific
b. the language of the values do not provide due notice of unethical behavior
c. the language of the values were too demeaning
d. the language of the values did not apply to unethical behavior

B

19

The Ethics Committee may also issue all the following directives, except:

a. to cease and desist from an activity
b. to obtain supervision
c. to seek additional training
d. to take specific medication

D

20

The following parts of the APA Ethics Code may be used by other bodies regulating the ethical science and practice of psychology:

a. the General Principles
b. the Ethical Standards
c. the Ethical Standards and the General Principles
d. none

B

21

Dr. S has just received notification that a charge of unethical behavior has been made against her. She will be in violation of the ethics code if she:

a. writes a letter to the Ethics Committee
b. asks the Ethics Committee to stay the ethics process
c. seeks advice from an attorney
d. fails to respond to the Ethics Committee

D

22

The five General Principles are ______________, intended to inspire psychologists toward the highest ethical ideals of the profession.

a. visionary
b. specific
c. aspirational
d. enforceable

C

23

Principle A reflects:

a. beneficence and nonmaleficence
b. integrity
c. justice
d. fidelity and responsibility

A

24

Dr. P recognizes his responsibility to obtain and maintain high standards of competence in his work. He is exhibiting which General Principle:

a. beneficence and nonmaleficence
b. fidelity and responsibility
c. justice
d. integrity

B

25

Dr. R has a new client for which he has selected procedures and services intended to meet the needs of that client. Dr. R is exhibiting which General Principle:

a. beneficence and nonmaleficence
b. fidelity and responsibility
c. integrity
d. justice

D

26

Psychologists are required to obtain informed consent when engaging in research, assessment, and therapy. Obtaining informed consent reflects which General Principle:

a. Principle E
b. Principle C
c. Principle B
d. Principle A

A

27

______________ reflects faithfulness of one human being to another.

a. Trust
b. Fidelity
c. Honesty
d. Openness

B

28

Psychologists strive to do good and avoid doing harm. This sentiment is best expressed in which of the General Principle:

a. Principle D
b. Principle B
c. Principle A
d. Principle C

C

29

Dr. O conducts research at a major university. His latest project required some degree of deception. Dr. O made sure that his research protocol was well within the guidelines of Standard 8.07, Deception in Research. Which General Principle is Dr. O exhibiting?

a. Justice
b. Integrity
c. Respect for People’s Rights and Dignity
d. Fidelity and Responsibility

B

30

The 2010 Ethics Code contains a Preamble and a set of five General Principles.

A) True

B) False

A

31

The Ethics Code applies only to full members.

A) True

B) False

B

32

The Ethics Code applies to psychologists’ scientific, educational, professional, or consulting activities?

A) True

B) False

A

33

The term reasonable refers the prevailing professional judgments of psychologists engaged in similar activities.

A) True

B) False

A

34

Complaints to the Ethics Committee may be brought by APA members, nonmembers, or by members of the Ethics Committee.

A) True

B) False

A

35

The APA Ethics Committee must keep confidential that it has imposed a sanction on a psychologist.

A) True

B) False

B

36

The Ethics Code provides psychologists with a set of __________ and broad general _________ of conduct.

a. Aspirations, rules.
b. Aspirations, guidelines
c. Values, rules
d. Values, guidelines

A

37

Ethical commitment is:

a. a strong desire to do what one wants
b. a strong desire to do what is wrong
c. a strong desire to do what is right
d. a strong desire to be good

C

38

Requisite moral dispositions for a virtuous professional include all of the following, except:

a. conscientiousness
b. dependent
c. discernment
d. prudence

B

39

The following characteristics are often associated with teaching and consultation

a. Empathy and compassion
b. Benevolence and care
c. Virtue of honesty
d. Fidelity, integrity, and wisdom

D

40

Dr. Stevens has a new client from a county in South America of which he is not familiar with the culture or values. Dr. Stevens decides he needs to do some research related to the county so that he may understand any cultural differences and that he may creatively apply ethical principles and standards to this new culture. Dr. Stevens is said to have:

a. moral conscientious
b. compassion
c. openness to others
d. integrity

C

41

Principle A: Beneficence and Nonmaleficence is associated with which of the following virtues:

a. compassionate, humane
b. faithful, dependable
c. honest, reliable
d. judicious, fair

A

42

Principle B: Fidelity and Responsibility is associated with which of the following virtues:

a. compassionate, humane
b. faithful, dependable
c. honest, reliable
d. judicious, fair

B

43

Principle C: Integrity is associated with which of the following virtues?

a. compassionate, humane
b. faithful, dependable
c. honest, reliable
d. respectful, considerate

C

44

Principle D: Justice is associated with which of the following virtues?
a. compassionate, humane
b. faithful, dependable
c. honest, reliable
d. judicious, fair

D

45

Principle E: Respect for People’s Rights and Dignity:

a. compassionate, humane
b. faithful, dependable
c. honest, reliable
d. respectful, considerate

D

46

Dr. Smith has been working with a client for a number of months without much progress. Dr. Smith has decided that he needs to use a different approach and different techniques to see if any therapeutic progress can be made. Dr. Smith could be said to have the ethical awareness of which of the General Principles:

a. Principle A
b. Principle B
c. Principle C
d. Principle E

A

47

Dr. M has come across a website that is advertising Dr. M as a clinical psychologist who is an expert in working with children. Dr. M’s practice is primarily composed of vocational assessments. Dr. M has sent a message to the website demanding that they remove the advertisement. Dr. M is adhering to the ethical awareness of which General Principle:

a. Principle A
b. Principle B
c. Principle C
d. Principle D

C

48

Intentionally deceiving participants about the nature and purpose of a study conflicts with which general principles:

a. Principle A and B
b. Principles A and C
c. Principles C and D
d. Principles C and E

D

49

Kant believed that ethical decisions cannot vary or be influenced by special circumstances or relationships. This is called:

a. the universal principle
b. the categorical imperative
c. the general principle
d. the general imperative

B

50

Utilitarian theory prioritizes:

a. the process
b. the good for all
c. the consequences
d. the rules

C

51

Communitarian theory emphasizes all of the following, except:

a. common good, values, and goals
b. cooperative virtues
c. individual rights
d. welfare of community

C

52

The six-step Ethical Decision-Making model includes all of the following, except:
a. Ethical Commitment
b. Knowledge of relevant ethical principles, standards, guidelines, and organizational policies
c. Consulting with legal counsel
d. Considering only one course of action

D

53

Dr. Jones has been working with clients who have experienced significant trauma in their life. The experience of working in an emotionally charged therapeutic contexts has enhanced Dr. Jones’ therapeutic endeavors. Which term best describes Dr. Jones?

a. Competent practitioner
b. Wounded healer
c. Compassionate therapist
d. Stressed-out therapist

B

54

The Ethics Code is a formula for solving ethical challenges.

A) True

B) False

B

55

Help and do no harm, humane treatment of humans/animals, research should add an understanding of human behavior, if your work is misused or causes harm you must make a statement attempting to fix it

A) Beneficence and nonmaleficence

B) Fidelity and responsibility

C) Integrity

D) Justice

E) Respect for People's Human Rights and Dignity

A

56

Faithfulness, keeping promises, upholding financial responsibilities and record keeping, maintain competence

A) Beneficence and nonmaleficence

B) Fidelity and responsibility

C) Integrity

D) Justice

E) Respect for People's Human Rights and Dignity

B

57

Honesty, honest communication, accuracy in profession, no lying, cheating, fraud, avoid and correct research mininterpretations

A) Beneficence and nonmaleficence

B) Fidelity and responsibility

C) Integrity

D) Justice

E) Respect for People's Human Rights and Dignity

C

58

Fairness to all people, equal access to benefits from research and treatments, be sensitive to diversity; pay attention to who you are serving and educate yourself accordingly

A) Beneficence and nonmaleficence

B) Fidelity and responsibility

C) Integrity

D) Justice

E) Respect for People's Human Rights and Dignity

D

59

Privacy, confidentiality, self-determination, take extra precautions with vulnerable groups

A) Beneficence and nonmaleficence

B) Fidelity and responsibility

C) Integrity

D) Justice

E) Respect for People's Human Rights and Dignity

E

60

Psychologist is motivated to do what is right because it is right, diligently tries to determine what is right, makes reasonable attempts to do the right thing, and is committed to lifelong professional growth

A) Conscientious

B) Discerning

C) Prudent

A

61

Psychologist brings contextually and relationally sensitive insight, good judgement, and appropriately detached understanding to determine what is right

A) Conscientious

B) Discerning

C) Prudent

B

62

Psychologist applies practical wisdom to ethical challenges, leading the right solutions that can be realized given the nature of the problem and the individuals involved

A) Conscientious

B) Discerning

C) Prudent

C

63

Psychologists should be able to identify what is in the best interests of those with whom they work, when a situation threatens the welfare of individuals, and the competencies required to achieve the greatest good and avoid and minimize harm

A) Principle A

B) Principle B

C) Principle C

D) Principle D

A

64

Psychologists should be aware of their obligations to the individuals and communities affected by their work, including their responsibilities to the profession and obligations under the law

A) Principle B

B) Principle C

C) Principle D

D) Principle E

A

65

Psychologists should know what is possible before making professional commitments and be able to identify when it is necessary to correct misconceptions or mistrust

A) Principle A

B) Principle B

C) Principle C

D) Principle D

C

66

Psychologists should be able to identify individual or group vulnerabilities that can lead to exploitation and recognize when a course of action would result in or has resulted in unfair or unjust practices

A) Principle A

B) Principle C

C) Principle D

D) Principle E

C

67

Psychologists must be aware of special safeguards necessary to protect the autonomy, privacy, and dignity of members of the diverse populations with whom psychologists work

A) Principle B

B) Principle C

C) Principle D

D) Principle E

D

68

Parents- child

A) Microsystem

B) Mesosystem

C) Exosystem

D) Macrosystem

A

69

School-friends

A) Microsystem

B) Mesosystem

C) Exosystem

D) Macrosystem

B

70

Parent's jobs- government and social policy

A) Microsystem

B) Mesosystem

C) Exosystem

D) Macrosystem

C

71

Ethnic group- culture- historical events

A) Microsystem

B) Mesosystem

C) Exosystem

D) Macrosystem

D

72

IUPUI is nondiscriminating with race, religion, sexuality, etc

A) unwritten rule

B) written rule

A

73

IUPUI professors talk to the person they are having a problem with before going to the person above them

A) written rule

B) unwritten rule

B

74

T/F: The 2010 Amendments to the Code was caused by the inhumane military interrogation during "war on terror"

A) True

B) False

A

75

T/F: The APA code applies to psychologists in the military

A) True

B) False

A