Anatomy Flashcards


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created 4 years ago by Aimee_Songco
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1

Cheek

Buccal

2

Referring to Fingers

Digital

3

Shoulder blade region

Scapular

4

Wrist Area

Carpal

5

Anterior aspect of knee

Patellar

6

Referring to the arm

Brachial

7

Curve of shoulder

Deltoid

8

Cervical

Referring to the neck

9

In the anatomical position, the umbilicus and knees are on the ________ body surface;

anterior

10

the buttocks and shoulder blades are on the ________ body surface;

posterior

11

The soles of the feet are the most ________ part of the body.

inferior

12

The ears are ________ and ________ to the shoulders and ________ to the nose.

medial

superior

lateral

13

The breastbone is ________ to the vertebral column (spine) and ________ to the shoulders

anterior

medial

14

The elbow is ________ to the shoulder but ________ to the fingers

distal

proximal

15

The thoracic cavity is ________ to the abdominopelvic cavity and ________ to the spinal cavity

superior

anterior

16

In humans, the ventral surface can also be called the ________ surface;

anterior

17

however, in quadruped animals, the ventral surface is the ________ surface.

inferior

18

If an incision cuts the brain into the superior and inferior parts, the section is a ________ section

transverse

19

but if the brain is cut so that anterior and posterior portions result, the section is a ________ section.

frontal

20

You are told to cut a dissection animal along two planes so that the lungs are observable in both sections. The two sections that meet this requirement are the ________ and the ________.

Coronel

Transverse

21

A nurse informs you that she is about to give you a shot in the lateral femoral region. What portion of your body should you uncover?

outer thigh

22
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Coronel Plane

23
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Midsagittal

24
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Transverse

25

Which body cavity would have to be opened for a surgery to remove a cancerous lung lobe?

Thoracic or ventral

26

Which body cavity would have to be opened for a surgery to removal of an ovary?

Abdominopelvic/Ventral

27

Which body cavity would have to be opened for a surgery to remove a ruptured disk?

Vertebral/Ventral

28

Which body cavity would have to be opened for an appendectomy?

abdominopelvic/ventral/pelvic

29

Which body cavity would have to be opened for a surgery to removal of the gallbladder?

Ventral/abdominopelvic/pelvic

30

Overlies the lateral aspects to the lower ribs

hypochondriac region

31

surrounds the belly button

umbilical region

32

encompasses the pubic area

hypogastric region

33

medial region overlying the stomach

epigastric

34

What are the bony landmarks of the abdominopelvic cavity?

rib cage and pelvis

35

Which body cavity affords the least protection to its internal structure?

abdominopelvic cavity

36

rids the body of nitrogen-containing wastes

urinary

37

is affected by removal of the adrenal gland

endocrine

38

protects and supports body organs; provides a framework for muscular action

skeletal

39

includes arteries and veins

cardiovascular

40

controls the body by means of chemicals called hormones

endocrine

41

external body covering

integumentary

42

houses cells involves in the body's immune response

lymphatic

43

breaks down ingested food into its absorbable units

digestive

44

loads oxygen into the blood

respiratory

45

uses blood as a transport vehicle

cardiovascular

46

generates body heat and provides for movement of the body as a whole

muscular

47

regulates water and acid-base balance of the blood

urinary

48

necessary for childbearing

endocrine and reproductive

49

is damaged when you fall and scrape your knee

integumentary

50

Choose the organ system to which the following set of organs or body structure belongs:

lymph nodes, spleen, and lymphatic vessels

lymphatic

51

Choose the organ system to which the following set of organs or body structure belongs:

bones, cartilages, ligaments

skeletal

52

Choose the organ system to which the following set of organs or body structure belongs:

thyroid, thymus, pituitary

endocrine

53

Choose the organ system to which the following set of organs or body structure belongs:

skin, nails, hair

integumentary

54

Choose the organ system to which the following set of organs or body structure belongs:

trachea, bronchi, alveoli

respiratory

55

Choose the organ system to which the following set of organs or body structure belongs:

uterus ovaries, vagina

reproductive

56

Choose the organ system to which the following set of organs or body structure belongs:

arteries, veins, heart

cardiovascular

57

Choose the organ system to which the following set of organs or body structure belongs:

esophagus, large intestine, rectum

digestive

58

stomach

abdominopelvic/abdominal

59

esophagus

thoracic

60

large intestine

abdominopelvic

61

liver

abdominopelvic

62

spinal cord

vertebral

63

urinary bladder

abdominopelvic/pelvic

64

heart

thoracic

65

trachea

thoracic

66

brain

cranial

67

rectum

abdominopelvic

68

hypogastric region

spinal cord, urinary bladder, rectum

69

right lumbar region

large intestine

70

umbilical region

large intestine, spinal cord

71

epigastric region

stomach, esophagus, trachea, spinal cord, heart

72

left iliac region

large intestine

73

left hypochondriac region

stomach

74

the five levels of organization of a living body, beginning with the cell are as follows:

cell,

tissue,

organs,

organ system

organism

75

Define organ

a structure composed of at least 2 major tissue types

76
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77
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78
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79

Choose the directional term that BEST describes the relationship:

The lungs are _________ to the diaphragm.

Superior

80

Choose the directional term that BEST describes the relationship:

The brain is in the ________ system and is located in the _________ cavity.

Nervous system

Cranial

81

Choose the directional term that BEST describes the relationship:

The elbow is ___________ to the shoulder.

Distal

82

Choose the directional term that BEST describes the relationship:

The elbow is ___________ to the wrist.

Proximal

83

Choose the directional term that BEST describes the relationship:

The lungs are __________ to the heart.

Lateral

84

What system does the Stomach belongs to?

Digestive

85

What specific cavity does the stomach belong to?

abdominal

86

What system does the kidneys belongs to?

Urinary

87

What specific cavity does the kidneys belong to?

Abdominal

88

What system does the brain belong to?

Nervous

89

What specific cavity does the brain belong to?

Cranial

90

What system does the ribs belong to?

Skeletal

91

What is the most specific cavity does the ribs belong to?

Thoracic

92

What system does biceps belong to?

muscular

93

What system does the heart belong to?

Cardiovascular

94

What specific cavity does the heart belong to?

Pericardial

95

What system does the left lung belong to?

Respiratory

96

What specific cavity does the left lung belong to?

Pleural

97

What system does the trachea belong to?

Respiratory

98

What specific cavity does trachea belong to?

Mediastinum

99

What system does the uterus belong to?

Reproductive

100

What specific cavity does the uterus belong to?

pelvic

101

What system does the pancreas belong to?

1. Digestive

2. Endocrine

102

What specific cavity does the pancreas belong to?

abdominal