Governing Texas: Ch.6 Media & Politics in TX Flashcards


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Governing Texas
Chapter 6
Subjects:
govt 2306, political science, american government, state
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1

The most common way that Americans get their news is from

conversations

2

The media source from which most Texans now get their news is

Television

3

Once the nations main source of news, newspapers have declined because of

competition from tv and the internet.

4

Which of the following is not true of the 404 non daily newspapers being published n TX in 2012?

They are influential in state politics because they are read by elites.

5

Which of the following is not true of newsmagazines?

There are more newsmagazines than there are newspapers, and they are read by more people.

6

Despite their relative decline, why are the print media still important sources of information?

They cover stories in more detail, inform the elite, and remain the largest gatherers of news.

7

Which of the following are more likely to require that stories be vetted for accuracy and to attempt to follow standards of objectivity?

major print media

8

Which of the following are more likely to require that stories be vetted for accuracy and to attempt to follow standards of objectivity?

major print media

9

Which of the following best describes the status of radio as a news source in America?

99% of American homes have at least one radio, but radio has limited value as a source of political news.

10

What happened when the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) abolished the Fairness Doctrine in 1987?

Conservative talk radio hosts quickly outpaced liberals.

11

Which of the following is true of public radio stations like KERA and KUHT?

They provide substantial coverage of local, state, and national news.

12

Commercial tv began in TX

after WWII

13

Which TV news format is most used by the public?

cable news

14

Websites and computer applications that allow users to create online communities and engage in social networking are known as

social media

15

A web page on which writers regularly record opinions, information , and links to other sites is known as a

blog

16

Which of the following is not true of social networking sites like FB and Twitter?

Less than 10 % of US adults get news from FB

17

Which of the following is not one of the roles that the text say media fills in US and TX politics?

To be a forum solely for unbiased discussion of political topics

18

People are more likely to hear and remember ideas and info if they come from

a trusted opinion leader

19

Which of the following has been a trend in news coverage?

Competition for viewers and advertising dollars has led to more entertainment and less news in broadcasts.

20

Followers of talk radio, cable news (such as FOX or MSNBC ) or ideological blogs are likely to

develop more political knowledge, but accept inaccurate or incomplete versions of reality.

21

In the 19th century, (1800s) newspapers in TX and the other American states wer

highly partisan and not always truthful.

22

The term Yellow Journalism referred to

journalism based on sensationalism and exaggeration.

23

The media play a role in keeping and protecting democracy by

keeping citizens informed enough to make intelligent decisions and investigating government activities.

24

Which of the following is not a reason that newspapers began to move away form strong partisanship toward more even handed , objective reporting in the last half of the 19th century?

The govt passed laws requiring greater objectivity and less partisanship

25

For reporting to exhibit professionalism , it should be

objective neutral and accurate

26

On the editorial pages of newspapers and magazines

advocacy is practiced and editors and columnists give their opinions

27

The standards of professionalism are sometimes compromised when professional reporters over report the views of

govt officials and others with power whom they see as reliable, legitimate and knowledgeable.

28

When reporting is done in a combative style that features opposition , it is referred to as

adversarial journalism

29

Which of the following tend not to be heavily partisan in TX?

newspapers

30

When the media help keep public officials honest by asking hard questions and looking into suspicious actions, they are engaging in

investigative journalism

31

In the 1970s , the media in TX supported Common Cause and other public interest groups in pushing through legislation to require

open meetings and open records.

32

Which of the following is true of the TX medias coverage of scandals in state politics?

Media investigations have uncovered corruption and led to instances of public officials being held accountable.

33

When it comes to agena setting in TX, the media

struggle to exert influence because of fewer reporters, fragmented govt competition with interest groups and more

34

When it comes to shaping our perceptions of events and issues, the media

provide info but their ability to shape opinion is reduced by personal knowledge connections and pre existing opinions

35

The strongest effect of attack ads on electoral politics seems to be that

people who marginally support an attacked candidate become less certain and abstain from voting for that candidate.

36

When the news media says how important an issue is or which part of a situation is most important they are engaging in

priming

37

When the news media provides meaning or defines the central theme of an issue they are engaging in

framing

38

Which of the following conclusions is not supported by todays research on media influence?

The media have an influence on what citizens think about.

39

Compared to political candidates at the national level, candidatesin TX

have an easier time controlling or at least influencing how the media covers them.

40

When critics of the media complain about horserace journalism they are pointing to the fact that

the media tend to focus more on who is winning an election than on the issues that matter.

41

Candidates began to use social media for their campaigns in a manor way in

2008 &2012

42

One of the key strategies that helped Barack Obama win both of his elections for Presdident was

identifying and micro targeting potential younger voters through their email and social media accounts.

43

Which of the following is not true of Rick Perry's highly successful 2010 gubernatorial campaign?

He relied heavily on direct mail , phone banks, and volunteers knocking on the doors of strangers.

44

Which of the following is not true of civic engagement and the Internet, according to study by the Pew Research Internet Project?

Use of the Internet and social media lead to less civic engagement and political activity.

45

When it comes to measures of civic engagement like voter turnout, being involved in groups, donating to charity volunteering and discussing political issues online

Texans are below the national average

46

Which of the following is true of mdia outlets today?

reporters tend to be liberal and democratic, while owners and publishers tend to be conservative and Republican.

47

Texas newspapers have generally supported

conservative political candidates

48

Talk radio has long been dominated by

conservatives

49

Which amendment to the U.S. Constituition protects freedom of the press?

1st Amendment

50

American courts are very hesitant to allow prior restraint, which means

it is difficult for the govt to detain reporters who are critical of their policies.

51

The agency responsible for media regulation is the

Federal Communications Commission FCC

52

The idea that Internet service providers should treat all Internet data equally without charging differentially or blocking content they don't like is referred tot as

net neutrality

53

Which of the following is true regarding freedom of the press in TX?

TX has a shield law that protects journalists from having to reveal certain confidential sources.

54

Which of the following is not true of the media today?

There are no sites on the Internet dedicated to checking facts.

55

When a news medium focuses on a narrow audience defined by special interest, they are engaging in

niche journalism

56

Which of the following is true of media ownership today ?

Just six corporations own most of the national media outlets .

57

The trends in media ownership in TX has been that

ownership of TX media outlets by TX companies has declined.

58

Which of the following is not a common concern about concentration of media ownership ?

There is an increase in hard news and a decrease in soft news.

59

The reporters assigned to cover stat level news , commonly working in the state capital, are known as the

Capital press corps

60

When the three major television networks began to face competition from cable news in the 1980s. they responded by

reducing coverage of hard news and increasing overage of scandals,horserace journalism, and controversial sound bites.

61

Which demographic groups are more likely to use social media? How might this have an impact on political participation rates among these groups?

Pg 205-207

62

Do the media shape our political opinions? If so in what ways? If not , why not?

Pg 215-217

63

How has the Internet ( & social media in particular) had an impact on campaigns in TX? What are the positive and negative aspects of the rise of social media in elections?

Pg 219-220

64

What aspects of the media are regulated by the national govt , and which aspects are regulated by the govt of TX? Distinguish how print and electronic media are regulated.

Pg 223-225