Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 8 Study Guide Notecards
A gomphosis joint is
fibrous joint that is a peg-in-socket
The cruciate ligaments of the knee prevent
hyperextension of the knee
Articular cartilage found at the ends of the long bones serves to
provide a smooth surface at the ends of synovial joints.
A symphysis joint is united by dense fibrocartilaginous tissue that
usually permits a slight degree of movement.
Syndesmosis joint is
fibrous connective tissue
Connective tissue sacs lined with synovial membranes that act as cushions in places where friction develops are called
articulations permitting only slight degrees of movement
The gliding motion of the wrist uses
The ligaments that protect the alignment of the femoral and tibial condyles and limit the movement of the femur anteriorly and posteriorly are called
Bending your head back until it hurts is an example of
All synovial joints are
Synarthrotic joints permit essentially
Fibrous joints are classified as
sutures, syndesmoses, and gomphoses
In symphysis joints the articular surfaces of the bones are covered with
Synovial fluid is
present in joint cavities of freely movable joints and it contains hyaluronic acid.
cartilaginous joints where hyaline cartilage unites the ends of bones
semilunar cartilage pads located in the knee
Gliding movements occur at the
intercarpal and intertarsal joints.
moving a limb away from the median plane of the body along the frontal plane
The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to the
The hip joint is a good example of a
multiaxial synovial joint
Rotation movements do not
increase or decrease the angle between bones
Compared to the shoulder, displacements of the hip joints are rare because of the
The Patellar ligament of the knee initiates the
knee-jerk reflex when tapped
Football players often sustain lateral blows to the extended knee
The medial collateral, medial meniscus, and anterior cruciate ligaments are damaged as a result.
Pointing the toes is an example of
The annular ligament surrounds the
head of the radius
Presence of a synovial cavity, articular cartilage, synovial membrane, and ligaments are characteristics of a
Extracapsular ligaments stabilizing the knee include lateral and medial collateral ligaments preventing
lateral or medial angular movements
Joints develop in parallel with
An example of an interosseous fibrous joint is
the radius and ulna along its length
Angular movements can best be described as
they change (increase or decrease) the angle between two bones.
Saddle joints have concave and convex surfaces
Carpometacarpal joint of the thumb is a saddle joint of the skeleton.
Tendon sheaths act as
Tendon sheath is not a part of the
The number of bones in the joint is not a factor that contributes to
keeping the articular surfaces of diarthroses in contact.