50 notecards = 13 pages (4 cards per page)
1. Children between the ages of 6 and II years are within the
developmental stage referred to as ______.
The health habits that children develop during the middle childhood years are _____.
A) unrelated to their health in adolescence and adulthood
B) related to their health in adolescence, but unrelated to their health in adulthood
C) unrelated to their health in adolescence, but related to their health in adulthood
D) related to their health in adolescence and adulthood
3. Physical activity can benefit children in all of the following
ways EXCEPT by improving _____.
B) academic achievement
C) mood and energy
D) oral health practices
4. The idea that human thoughts are affected by body health, comfort, position, and so on is a new concept called _____.
A) concrete operations
C) embodied cognition
5. Physical activity within schools has _____ over the years.
6. Research suggests that classrooms deprived of ______ are often
considered harder to manage.
The ratio between a person's height and weight is expressed as ____.
8. Olivia's BMI is in the 76th percentile, which is associated with
B) nonnal weight
9. Childhood obesity is usually defined as a BMI above the ___
10. Obesity has increased because it is common for ____.
11. During middle childhood, children themselves contribute to weight gain by getting adults to do what they want, such as buying them candy or junk food. The ability of children to get adults to do what they want has been referred to as ____ power.
12. Asthma is a disorder caused by _____ the airways.
A) inflammation of
13. Lindsay brought her 10-year-old son to see the doctor because he was having problems breathing. The doctor infomed Lindsay that her son had inflammation of the airways.Lindsay's son was diaylosed with ____.
C) sleep apnea
14. Piaget believed that in middle childhood, children are in the cognitive period of ____ thought.
A) formal operational
A child is shown a large box and a small box. The large box contains a 5-pound weight and the small box contains a 10-pound weight. The child picks up the boxes and looks at them closely, and then is asked which weighs more. The child is no longer focused only on appearances, so he answers that the small box weighs more. Piaget would say that this child is in the ____ stage of cognitive development.
D) concrete operational
16. According to Piaget, which ability do children gain during middle childhood?
A) static reasoning
With concrete operational thought, children can _____.
A) think logically about visible, tangible things
B) think logically about abstract ideas
C) consistently make good decisions
D) solve most problems on their own
18. The logical principle that allows objects to be grouped according
to some characteristic that they share is called _____.
19. Vygotsky viewed ____ as being crucial to children's development
of skills and knowledge.
Dr. Smith is conducting a study to determine what 9-year-olds know. He believes that the 9-year-olds will advance in knowledge based on instructions. Dr. Smith's belief is based on ______.
A) the information-processing perspective
B) Piaget's theory of cognitive development
Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development
D) Gardner's theory of intellectual development
21. According to Vygotsky's sociocultural framework, every experience after teaches individuals something.
The ability to concentrate on some stimuli while ignoring others is referred to as ____.
A) selective attention
B) divided attention
D) reaction time
23. The information-processing theory was inspired by the knowledge of how ____ function.
A) animals' brains
The component of the information-processing system in which current,
conscious mental activity occurs is the _____.
25. Tony walked next door to José's house so they could go to school together. When José saw Tony's notebook in his backpack, he rushed back into his house to retrieve his own notebook, which contained his homework. José's sensation upon seeing Tony's notebook became a perception, which triggered José's ____.
A) sensory memory
B) working memory
C) long-tern memory
D) knowledge base
Crucial to long-term memory is _____.
27. Metacognition is ____.
28. Control processes improve with _____.
29. The Common Core is a(n) ______ that was developed by experts and
intended for nationwide use in response to doubts about state-level
Advocates argue that _____ increase competition between public and private schools.
A) standardized tests
D) Common Core standards
31. The average IQ is a score of _____.
D) 1 15
Which of the following is true of treatment for ADHD?
A) Family training is a necessary part of treatment.
B) No treatments currently exist.
C) Medication is the only option.
D) Parents and teachers do not need to be involved.
33. Children's steady growth, brain maturation, and intellectual
advances make middle childhood a time for more ____.
B) peer values
34. What is Erikson's fourth stage of psychosocial
35. Sara is in the third grade. She spends many hours rehearsing her math skills, reading books, and collecting bugs. According to Erikson, Sara is developing a healthy sense of ____ through these tasks.
36. According to Erikson's theory, children in middle childhood tend
to judge themselves as either _____.
B) industrious or inferior
C) competent or awkward
D) intelligent or stupid
37. According to Erikson, if 9-year-old Jessica is successful in solving her psychosocial conflict, she should be developing a view of herself as ______.
A) emotionally mature
38. The child who weathers severe family problems, even abuse, and yet emerges from those experiences unscathed is said to be _____.
Family function refers to ____.
A) how a family cares for its members
B) the legal and genetic relationships of people in a household
C) how the family's house is constructed
D) how the various generations interact
40. The most common type of family for children in the United States
is the _____.
B) single-parent family
C) nuclear family
D) blended family
41. Tony has been married before and has two biological children. He has just married Natalia, who has also been married before and has a biological son. Their family is an example of a _____.
A) polygamous family
B) nuclear family
C) stepparent family
D) traditional family
42. A family that consists of one man, several wives, and the
biological children of the man and women is a(n)_____.
43. What factors generally determine whether a child is well liked by his or her peers?
A) age and gender
B) culture and race
C) cohort and SES
D) culture and cohort
44. Girls who bully typically _____.
A) use threats of force
Most bullies pick on
A) members of the opposite sex
B) members of their own sex
C) people they don't know well
D) their little brothers and sisters
46. There are many approaches to addressing the issue of bullying. Research indicates the one effective approach is ____.
A) to have a zero-tolerance policy at school
47. Lawrence Kohlberg built on the theories of _____ in his description of the stages of moral development.
A) Sigmund Freud
48. Which is a stage of moral reasoning in Kohlberg's theory?
49. Preconventional morality involves
A) the careful consideration of all options
B) an emphasis on laws and social order
C) seeking pleasure and avoiding pain
D) trying to gain the approval of others
50. Conventional morality involves