19 notecards = 5 pages (4 cards per page)
Which of the following best represents analogous structures?
A. the wing of a butterfly and the wing of a bee
A recent book by a reputable biologist suggests there is a deep, hot biosphere under the Earth's crust that may have more biomass than all life at the Earth's surface. This would primarily rely on what organisms?
A. thermoacidophilic archaea
All of the following are true regarding systematics EXCEPT that it
A. is the specific study of identification, naming, and
classification of organisms
Of those listed, which level of classification is the most specific?
A. is the branch of biology dealing with the naming, identification
and classification of organisms.
Hair is a character shared by all mammals, but not found in their ancestral lineage. Hair is therefore considered to be a(n)
Whittaker's classification included Kingdom Monera, which included all prokaryotes. Why is this classification obsolete?
A. This kingdom now includes more organisms, so the name has been
Which of the following features would be used to construct a phylogenic tree?
A. homologous structures
Which kingdom is correctly described?
A. Animalia: multicellular and heterotrophic by absorption
Phylogenic trees with proportional branch lengths
A. indicate relatedness among organisms
Which of the following statements about taxonomy is NOT true?
A. Biochemical data and the fossil record can be independently to
indicate the length of time since two species diverged from a common
If you were using cladistics to construct a phylogenetic tree of birds, what is the best outgroup?
The evolution of organisms is the three domains and four kingdoms is most accurately described by which sequence?
A. Protists to Prokaryotes to Fungi, from Fungi separately to Plants
Which kingdom or supergroup is characterized by organisms that are heterotrophic by ingestion?
A study of echinoderm embryos, such as sea stars, confirms a similar developmental pattern to that of vertebrates. In both, the blastopore becomes the anus. This would be considered
A. convergent evolution
The northern copperhead is Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix, the southern copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix mokasen, and the cottonmouth is Agkistrodon piscivorous. Therefore,
A. all are subspecies of Agkistrodon
Single celled eukaryotic cells belong to which of the following domains?
Of the three domains in Woese's classification system, which do most biologists recognize?
A. Protista, Fungi, and Eukarya
Which of the following lists of features exemplifies the Domain Archaea?
A. Unicellular, varying branched lipids in their cell membrane,
nuclear envelope and contain some introns