68 notecards = 17 pages (4 cards per page)
Who does this decscribe:
Which statement about the 95 theses is false?
This is FALSE: the 95 Theses were written in German
Which of the following was NOT a result of the Protestant Reformation?
Which of the following does NOT describe the Anglican Church?Please choose from one of the following options.
it was founded as a result of John Wyclif’s translation of the Bible into English
This were things reaffirmed at _________________
Reaffirmed at the Council of Trent?
Which of the following beliefs were NOT part of?Please choose from one of the following options.
Who's conception of Predestitination was this?
John Calvin’s conception of Predestination
The in _______1598 establised this:
Edict of Nantes
What were these causes of:
Renaissance emphasis on secular ideas & the individual=challenged church authority
Rulers resented the Pope’s control
Northern merchants resented paying church taxes to Rome
These were causes of Reformation
These were Problems with:
◦Popes too busy with worldly affairs; not spiritual
◦Priests & monks poorly educated & breaking vows
Problems of the Catholic Church
What did these People do?
◦John Wycliffe & Jan Hus: Bible more authority than church
◦Humanists: More, Erasmus, Zwingli
Calls for Reform Before Luther
Who did this and why?
◦Took a stand vs. selling of indulgences
◦ 95 Theses : formal statement attacking the “pardon merchants”
October 31, 1517: posted on Wittenberg church door
Start of Reformation
Luther chalanges the church
What were Luther's basic teachings and beliefs
Salvation by faith in God alone; not works
Church teachings on Bible alone; not traditions
All people in faith were equal
Catholic church response this way and what did Luther do?
◦Edict of Worms: Luther=outlaw & heretic
◦Beginning of Lutheran Church
◦Fighting between Catholics & Protestants=Peace of Augsburg
Luther burns the papal bull
Who became Protestant?
What does Henry V111 want?
◦Wants annulment from Catherine of Aragon=no son
◦Pope refused (Charles V, nephew)
◦1529: Reformation Parliament ends Pope’s power in England
◦1533: Married ___________ & divorced ___________
◦1534: Break with____official=Act of Supremacy-king head of church—seized all church land & closed monasteries
Married Anne Boleyn
______ Established national church in England-_________Church
Tolerance for dissenters
Expansion and colonialism
Victory over the___________ (1588)
Who's teachings were these:
____________ cannot earn salvation
◦Ideal government is___________
◦Strict rules & rigid society is called ________
This was the spread of _________
In ___________:(Calvin’s followers) were called ________conflict with
◦Anabaptists-persecuted by ____________
Catholics & Protestants
in ___________ the __________ protesting the Catholic Church:
The “Protesting Princes.” or they are called _____________ vs the ___________ Led by the __________
This led to the ____________
Holy Roman Empire
Will lead to war and conflict
◦Leader of the Society of Jesus________
3.stop spread of Protestantism
The ___________________ thought the in 1545-1563
Church’s interpretation of_________ final
The ________ and _________ meant Faith & good works needed for _____________
◦ Thought that ________ authorities to guide _______
◦____________ =false selling banned
Council of Trent
Bible & church
The following below was from this it is called ______________
◦Paved the way for modern nation-states: _________ gained power
________ punished people who did not except its beliefs: a way of eliminating a movement stop spread of Protestants
Laid groundwork for rejection of ________ later centuries
Legacy of Reformation
Changing cultural values, traditions, and philosophies
Growth of _________
Growth of _________
Growth of Eventual growth of ______ (Edict of Nantes)
religious tolerance Edict of Nantes
Pope created a religious order for his followers called society of Jesus it's members were called Jesuits
What is a Jesuits?
Jesuits importance was:
missions converted non Christians to catholic
Stop spread of Protestantism
Roman Catholic church it was responsible for finding and punishing people who did not accept it's belief and practices
A pardon it released a sinner from performing the penalty that a priest imposed for sins
What was importance of indulgences?
Gave impression that by buying indulgence they could buy their way into heaven.
what was the importance of Inquisition?
A way of eliminating a movement stop spread of Protestantism. Began Catholic Church Counter Reformation
Holy Roman Empire Importance?
Multi ethnic complex of territories in Central Europe that developed during early middle ages.
When did the Holy Roman Empire dissolve?
What was the importance of the Holy Roman Empire?
Transform the way____ was practice in Central Europe and today.
It served as______over much of Europe
_____________ was in state alliance with empire
Roman Catholic church
Who was this
Most famous writer of Elizathan Age.
wrote poems and plays.
His works command English language and deep understanding of human beings.
Why was Shakespeare important?
Influenced Renaissance. He revealed souls of man and woman through dramatic conflice. And human flaws and expressed high view of Renaissance of human nature.
Wrote the guide "The Prince"
what did the book the "Prince" say:
The book advises rulers and examines imperfections in humans. He wrote about politics and Power.
gave information on how to gain and keep power. Began idea people are selfish, fickle, and corrupt.
He suggested for a Prince to accomplish great things he must be crafty not suspicious to gain trust of others.
He was a Historian and a Political thinker.
Became a monk, priest, teacher stuided Bible taught scripture
Because of Martin Luther's actions the _______________ began
Reformation was a ___________
a movement for religious form led to the founding of christian churches that did not accept the popes authority
Who led the Reformation that lead to Christian churches that did not acept the popes pope authority
Renaissance man who Excelled as a painter, sculptor. architech and poet. Created figures that are forceful and show heroic grandeur?
Famous for the way he portrayed human body in painting sculputres
dome of st peters the painting on the ceiling who did this?
Sistine chapel and statue of David who did this?
painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist. True Renanissance Man
Leonardo da Vinci
studied muscles and veins wrote backwards
Leonardo da Vinci
painted Mona Lisa
Leonardo da Vinci
painted last supper
Leonardo da Vinci
french theologian pastor during Protestant Reformation. He was principal figure in development of Christian theology.
___________was principal figure in development of Christian theology later called ___________
Who influenced the spread of Protestantism.
Who gave order to the faith Luther had begun he believed god has known since the beginning of time who will be saved called predestination. His followers Knox called ________________
_______ a period of European history lasting from 1300-1600 during this time renewed interest in classical culture led to changes in art learning and view of world.
The importance of Renaissance led to innovative styles of _____ and ______.
It led to new _________
Importance of ___________ literature
New _______ led to importance of the ________
art and literature
Printing Press who made it?
What did the printing press make a complete version of made with movable type? names?
craftsman from Germany, developed printing press lots of technologies with this improve process
____________King of England 1509 devout _______
who was against Luthers ideas. Pope gave him title Defender of Faith
who wanted a son
Who called Parliament to end Popes power in England Reformation Parliament?
Who led conflict with Catholic church and the founding of the church of England?
Who was known for role in the seperation of the Church of England from Roman Catholic Church.
Henry V111 married _ times
conflict with ___
Reformation Parliament ended _______ power in England