60 notecards = 15 pages (4 cards per page)
Activate B cells and other T cells
Natural Killer Cells
Chickenpox infection is followed by lifelong immunity
A foreign molecule that causes a specific immune response is a/an:
An example of artificial active immunity would be:
Chickenpox vaccine triggers extended immunity to to chickenpox
Bacterial Toxins that activate T cells at a 100 times greater rate than other antigens
The progeny cells of a B cell clone are called:
Each of the following can result in acquired immune dificiencies except
An example of artificial passive immunity would be Giving a person
immune serum globulins to chickenpox virus after exposure to the disease
Each of the following are physical barriers to pathogens except
Which type of white blood cells are particularly attracted to sites of parasitic worm infections?
Endogenous infectious agents arise from microbes that are
the patients own normal biota
Coagulase-dissolve fibrin clots
An infectious agent that originates from outside the body is called
Nonspecific chemical defenses include
All of the choices are correct
Which is not terminology used for resident biota?
Infection occurs when
Pathogens enter and multiply in body tissues
What structures are found along lymphatic vessels are are heavily clustered in the armpit, groin and neck?
The chemical found in tears and saliva that hydrolyzes bacterial cell walls is
A symptom is a
Subjective indication of disease
Which of the following is not an anti-phagocytic factor?
Adhering to the host
Which of the following is an example of a sequelae?
Permanent arthritis from a previous Lyme disease infection
The most numerous WBC’s, that have multi-lobed nuclei and are very phagocytic are
Each of the following are granulocytes except
Components of the first line of defense include all of the following except
Phagocytic white blood cells
during and immediately after birth
Which of the following lymphoid organs or tissues has the immunological function of filtering pathogens from the blood?
Pathogenic microbes that cause disease in healthy people are called
Which gland shrinks in size during adulthood and has horomones that function in the maturation of T-lymphocytes?
Which of the following is not a normal portal of exit of an infectious disease?
All of these are normal exit portals
Once a microbe has entered a host, what process performed by certain white blood cells will attempt to destroy the microbes?
Which is mismatched?
Secondary infection-localized infection spreads to several tissue sites
A ___ is the presence of small numbers of bacteria in the blood.
Microbial hyaluronidase, coagulase and streptokinase are examples of
Which of the following is mismatched when dealing with inflammation?
Resident biota are found in/on the
All of the choices are correct
Indicative of gram negative organisms
Cause disease in only compromised individuals
A person gets a fungal pathogen that infects the brain on their hands. The salt on the hands prevents the fungus from growing and there is no cut for the fungus to get through to access the blood supply, so the person doesn’t get sick. These are examples of which of the following defenses?
Innate, first line of defense
Innate immunity ______ and acquired immunity ____:
Secondary C. difficile infection
Portal of entry is the respiratory tract/exit is the skin
What do the cell-mediated and humoral immune systems have in common?
B cells and T cells can be stimulated to produce memory cells
What is herd immunity?
Vaccinated people can not get infected, so it lessens the risk of unvaccinated people getting infected
What is the trigger that intiates an acquired immune system response?
Cells detect the presence of a foreign antigen