26 notecards = 7 pages (4 cards per page)
Under normal circumstances, most water is lost in __________.
The role of ADH is to ___.
Increase water reabsorption.
Which hormone raises blood calcium levels?
A decrease in blood CO2 levels leads to __________.
An increase in blood pH
Which buffer system is the most abundant in the body?
What is the effect of hyperventilation on pH?
Hypersecretion of aldosterone results in hypokalemia, which causes hyperpolarization of neurons; this in turn results in ______
the need for a stronger than normal stimulus in order to trigger an action potential
The fluid link between the external and internal environment is ________.
Total body water is not a function of which of the following?
amount of water ingested
When the production of hydrogen ions in the body is the same as their loss, you are in ____________________.
The largest percentage of body water is located in what compartment?
Annie has just eaten a large order of heavily salted french fries, some pickled eggs, and some cheese. How will consuming this much salt affect her physiology?
There will be a temporary increase in blood volume.
98% of calcium filtered by the kidney is reabsorbed due to the action of ________.
Which condition would cause a drop in pH?
The most prevalent electrolyte in the extracellular fluid is _________________
Blood analysis indicates a low pH, and the patient is breathing
rapidly. Given your knowledge of acid-base balance, which of the
following is most likely?
True or False
Salts are lost from the body in perspiration, feces, and urine.
Whereas sodium is found mainly in the extracellular fluid, most ________ is found in the intracellular fluid.
The most important buffer system in the intracellular fluid compartment (ICF) is the ____________________.
Protein Buffer System
Pica occurs when there is a deficiency of _________ in the body.
Minerals such as iron
The condition in which sodium levels are too low is referred to as ____________________.
A patient with alkalosis would experience ____________________
Physiology adjustments of water and electrolytes are made by
E) All of the above
Diuresis peaks _________ after drinking water.
True or False
Most acidic substances (hydrogen ions) originate as by-products of cellular metabolism.
Edema may result from _______