31 notecards = 8 pages (4 cards per page)
A feature that can be inherited, and shows variation between individuals.
Each version of a character
Example of a character
Example of a trait
White flower color
Characters have what type of locus?
Organisms that through self-fertilization always produces offspring with the same trait of interest.
The cross-pollination of two true breeding organisms.
True breeding parents are hybridized.
Parental Generation (P)
The hybrid offspring of the parental generation who self-pollinate.
Fist Filial Generation (F1)
The offspring from F1 self-fertilized plants.
Second Filial Generation (F2)
What generation produces only purple flower plants?
_________ flower plants were being generated from _______ flower plants.
What generation produces white flower plants?
Version of a gene
What are traits determined by?
Determines organisms appearance
Has a noticeable influence on organisms appearance.
The hybrid offspring receives ____ allele from the purple flower and ____ allele from the white flower.
The observable trait of an organism
The genetic makeup of an organism
Two different alleles for the same gene.
Two of the same allele for a gene.
Two alleles for a given character separates during gamete formation, and go into different gametes.
Law of Segregation
What does it mean if a gene has AA or aa?
It is homozygous
What does it mean if a gene is Aa or aA?
It is heterozygous
The lower case a represents?
The recessive gene
The upper case A represents?
The dominant gene
What determines the phenotype?
The dominant gene
When gametes and offsprings are crossed it produces?
Physical location on a chromosome where a gene is located.
Crossing true-breeding parents (homozygotes) differing in two characters produces produces?