50 notecards = 13 pages (4 cards per page)
The Kingdom Plantae arose from:
C. a charophycean
Organisms in the same clade are:
Which of the following do green algae and plants NOT have in common?
The ten phyla of living land plants include:
E. all the other choices provided are correct.
Which of the following are arranged in the sequence in which the
various taxa first appeared in time?
E. All the other choices provided are correct
Which of the following statements best describes the life cycles of
charophyceans and mosses?
A.The diploid generation of charophyceans consists of only one cell whereas the diploid generation of mosses is multicellular.
Alternation of generations means:
C. One phase of the life cycle is diploid and the other is haploid.
A sporic life cycle is NOT characteristic of which of the following
Which of the following statements best describes the female gamete of
E. All of the other choices provided are correct.
Which of the following is NOT an adaptation of mosses for living on
D. wind dispersal of gametes
Moss sperm are produced in:
A. a tough protective covering on spores
Which of the following is NOT one of the functions of vascular tissue
E. transport of gametes
Which of the following is NOT a tracheophyte?
B. a liverwort
A tracheid is:
D. a specialized vascular cell
B. transports food between the leaves and the roots
Which of the following statements best describes the function of the
D. It transports both water and minerals from the roots to the stems and leaves.
The polyester polymer on the leaves of vascular plants that protects
them from pathogens is called:
Which of the following statements is NOT true of the stomata on the
leaves of vascular plants?
E. They regulate the absorption of light by the chlorophyll.
Which of the following comparisons between the moss life cycle and
fern life cycle is NOT valid?
E. The gametes are produced in gametangia in mosses but on the underside of leaves in ferns.
B. all the living and fossil seed plants
D. tissue stored in seeds that provides nutrition for embryos
Endosperm is found in:
Why are introns important in understanding the evolutionary history
A.Transcribed intron sequences are removed during mRNA processing before translation occurs and since selection operates only on expressed traits, introns often change more slowly than do protein-coding genes.
25. Which of the following statements is the most accurate
description of fruits and seeds?
C. Fruits are ripened ovaries containing seeds.
Which of the following comparisons of the cellular features of
complex charophycean algae and land plants is NOT true?
C. Land plants inherited xyloglucans from complex charophyceans.
27. The earliest land plants appeared in the fossil record:
A. about 500 million years ago
The main effect of burning peat, wood, coal, and petroleum on the
Earth's climate is:
C. The fires release back into the atmosphere carbon dioxide that was once taken from the atmosphere by plants and stored in their own tissues; the increased carbon dioxide holds in solar heat and causes a rise in temperature.
After a decline to an historic low about 300 million years ago,
carbon dioxide levels in the Earth's atmosphere rose again for a
while. Hypothesize a reason why this occurred.
D. The low carbon dioxide levels caused cooling of the Earth, resulting in the decline of ancient vegetation; with less vegetation to absorb carbon dioxide, the carbon dioxide levels rose.
Why did the dinosaurs become extinct?
A.A meteorite or comet crashed into the Earth, causing smoke and ash that blocked the sun and caused death of the plants that were food for dinosaurs.
All of the following kinds of plants have at least some members that
are vascular plants EXCEPT:
Which of the following best describes the advantages of retaining the
young sporophyte as an embryo within the parent?
E. All of the choices provided are correct.
Which of the following statements best characterizes a euphyll?
E. All of the choices provided are correct.
Double fertilization is:
C. fertilization of an egg by one sperm and of the nucleus of an endosperm-forming cell by another sperm
Which of the following statements describes the differences between
pollination and fertilization?
A.Pollination is the transport of pollen from a microsporangium to a stigma whereas fertilization is the fusion of a sperm with an egg.
Which of the following statements is NOT a correct description of an
advantage that seeds have over spores?
B. Seeds are produced in greater numbers than spores.
Which of the following statements is NOT true of megaspores?
E. Megaspores are diploid
Which of the following statements does NOT describe characteristics
A. Heterospory involves production of spores on two different parts of the same plant.
Gametophytes that are completely enclosed within the walls of a spore
are known as:
B. endosporic gametophytes
Seeds appeared in the fossil record by:
B. 365 million years ago
Meiosis does not occur in gametophytes
Although land plants, mosses are still tied to water because of their flagellated sperm.
The conspicuous green patches of mosses that you see in the woods are mostly sporophytes
The conspicuous green parts of ferns that you see in the woods are mostly sporophytes
Woody plants and herbaceous plants are the two major monophyletic clades of the seed plants.
Flowers, fruits, and endosperm are defining characteristics of the angiosperms.
Lignophytes are seed plants that have become extinct whereas spermatophytes are those that are still living
Terminal complexes in the cellular membranes of plants produce cellulose and are known as rosettes
The K/T event was the transition of plants from water to land.
Pteridophytes and seed plants collectively are known as euphyllophytes