140 notecards = 35 pages (4 cards per page)
This is a structure of a long bone that stores energy.
This is the region of a long bone that articulates with other bones.
This is the shaft of a long bone.
This is a layer of hyaline cartilage that reduces friction between bones involved in the joint.
This is a layer of hyaline cartilage that allows the Diaphysis to grow in length.
This is the region in mature bone where the diaphysis and the epiphysis join.
This is a lining found in bone that promotes bone growth in width
Put the bones cells in order of their maturation from unspecialized to specialized.
Osteogenic, Osteoblast, Osteocytes
These are considered bone-building cells.
These are considered bone-dissolving cells.
Which of the following structures contains osteocytes?
These are extensions of the lacunae and are filled with extracellular fluid.
Osteons in compact bone tissue are aligned along
Lines of stress
Bone remodeling does NOT
Affect compact bone tissue but does affect spongy bone tissue
The renewal rate for compact bone tissue is
4% per year
Which of the following minerals is needed when bones are growing?
The correct sequence of processes that occur during bone elongation at the epiphyseal plate are:
Resting, Proliferation, hypertrophication, calcification
During adulthood, which of the following does NOT contribute to bone remodeling and growth?
This type of fracture is considered a partial fracture and is usually seen in children.
About 25% of all stress fractures involve which bone?
Can be open or closed
Bone mass reduction is promoted by which hormone?
An increase in bone growth is promoted by which hormones?
Calcitonin and Calcitriol
The branch of medicine that deals with correction of disorders of the musculoskeletal system is called
How many bones are found in the adult human skeleton?
Which of the following is not true?
The appendicular skeleton does not include the girdles
Which of the following is NOT found in the axial skeleton?
Which of the following is found in the axial skeleton?
Which type of bone is the femur?
Which type of bone is the occipital?
This is a bone located within ankles or wrists.
Which of the following is NOT true of surface markings on bone.
They provide movement within the bone
Bones in the following area protect the brain.
Which of the following is not a facial bone?
Which is not true of the skull bones?
The skull contains foraminas but no fissures
Which of the following bones is not visible from the anterior view of the skull?
These bones form the inferior lateral aspects of the cranium and part of the cranial floor.
These bones include the organs of hearing and balance and articulate with the mandible
The mastoid process....
Is the point of attachment for several neck muscles
These projections on either side of the foramen magnum articulate with depressions on the first cervical vertebrae.
Which cranial bone articulates with every other cranial bone?
This cranial bone is anterior to the sphenoid and posterior to the nasal bones. It contains foramina for the olfactory cranial nerve.
The facial bone articulates with teeth.
Which of the following is not a facial bone?
Which bone of the axial skeleton does NOT articulate with any other bone?
Joe was found dead. His hyoid bone was broken. What was the most likely cause of death?
What is the purpose of the nucleus pulposus?
To absorb vertical shock
Primary curves of the vertebrae include
Thoracic curve, Sacral curve, Lumbar curve, and Cervical curve
The function of vertebral processes is
Attachment site for muscles
What bone feature of the second cervical vertebrae articulates with the first cervical vertebrae?
Of the following, which is the largest individual vertebrae?
These are the inferior articular processes of the fifth sacral vertebrae.
Which gender shows the coccyx pointed inferiority?
What is the junction between the manubrium and the body of the sternum called?
What is inflammation of the costal cartilage called?
This is the anterior bone that articulates with the manubrium of the sternum at the sternoclavicular joint.
This bone’s shape comes from the medial half of the bone being convex anteriorly and the lateral half is concave anteriorly.
Which of the following do the pelvic girdles articulate with?
This part of the clavicle is rounded and articulates with the manubrium of the sternum.
Why is the clavicle one of the most broken bones in the human body?
Due to weakness of the junction of the curves
Which of the following bones is located in the posterior thorax between the second and seventh vertebrae?
What is found in the glenoid cavity?
This is the edge of the scapula closest to the humerus
Which is more superior om the scapula?
Which of the following is found anteriorly on the scapula?
What is the scapular notch used for?
Passageway for a nerve
Which of the following is fully visible with the scapula in a lateral orientation
Coracoid process, Glenoid cavity, and the Acromion
Which of the following is true?
There are 8 carpals, 5 metacarpals, and 14 phalanges
The glenohumeral joint includes:
The humerus and scapula
The anatomical neck of the humerus includes the:
The lesser tubercle of the humerus:
The deltoid tuberosity of the humerus is found:
At the midpoint of the shaft
Articulates with the head of the radius, and is a rounded knob on the lateral aspect of the humerus
This is a spool shaped surface of the humerus medial to the capitulum that articulates with the ulna.
The medial and lateral epicondyle are found on the distal end of the humerus and are used for
Which is the longer bone?
Which is found in the elbow?
Which notch is found between the olecranon and coronoid process?
The ulna and radius connect with each other at how many points?
What is the function of the interosseous membrane between the ulna and radius?
Joint the shafts of both bones, and tendon attachment
This depression is found laterally and inferior to the trochlear notch.
The distal end of the radius articulates with how many bones of the wrist?
How are the carpal bones arranged?
2 transverse rows of 4
Which of the following carpal bones is found most distally?
Which is included in the carpal tunnel?
Deep fascia, Trapezium, and Pisiform
The carpometacarpal joint consists of:
Base of metacarpal bone and distal end of carpal bone
How many phalanges in each hand?
What is the function of the pelvic girdle?
Support for vertebral column, and attachment site for lower limbs
Which of the following hipbones is superior?
The auricular surface
Articulates with the sacrum
This is the largest foramen in the skeleton
This extends superiorly and laterally along the superior ramus to merge with the arcuate line of the ilium.
The hip joint is comprised of the
Femur, and Acetabulum
This is bordered by the lumbar vertebrae posteriorly, the upper portion of the hip bones laterally and the abdominal wall anteriorly.
False pelvis, and Greater pelvis
The pelvic inlet
Is the superior opening of the pelvic cavity
The female pelvis is
Wider, shallower, larger in the pelvic inlet, and larger in the pelvic outlet
Each lower limb has
30 bones in 4 locations
The shaft of the femur is slightly angled
Which ridge serves as an attachment point for tendons of the thigh muscles?
Gluteal tuberosity, and Linea aspera
Which is found medially?
This is a bone that develops in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle.
The medial and lateral condyles of the femur fit into what part of the patella?
The tibiofemoral joint includes
Femur condyles, and Condyles of the tibia
The shin is also known as the
Which is not found in the foot?
Which is not a tarsal bone?
The lateral malleolus is found on the distal end of what bone?
This type of joint is held together by a fibrous connective tissue.
This type of joint lacks a synovial cavity.
Fibrous, and Cartilaginous
This type of joint is freely movable.
This is a fibrous joint composed of a thin layer of dense fibrous connective tissue.
How is a suture joint classified functionally?
In this type of fibrous joint, the connective tissue is arranged either as a bundle or as a sheet.
Another term for this joint is dentoalveolar joint.
Which of the following can be classified as synarthrosis joints?
Suture, Synchondrosis, and Gomphosis
An example of this type of joint is the epiphyseal plate.
The joint between the first rib and the manubrium of the sternum is classified as
Synchondrosis, Synarthrosis, and Cartilaginous joint
Where do symphyses occur?
Synovial joints do NOT
include elastic cartilage
Which of the following is made from dense regular connective tissue?
Examples of these include the fibular and tibial collateral ligaments of the knee joint
Another term for menisci are
Maintain the stability of a joint, and direct flow of the synovial fluid
This is used to reduce friction in joints
Bursae, and Synovial fluid
Which of the following is not used to reduce friction at joints?
This type of motion results from relatively flat bone surfaces moving back and forth and from side to side with respect to one another.
This is a type of movement where there is a decrease in the angle between articulating bones.
Bending the trunk forward at the intervertebral discs is an example of what type of angular movement?
Flexion and extension usually occur along which plane?
Examples of this type of movement include moving the humerus laterally at the shoulder joint.
This type of movement is a continuous sequence of flexion, abduction, extension, and adduction.
Which of the following is not considered a special movement?
Depression, Protraction, Elevation, and Supination
Which of the following bones can NOT be elevated or depressed?
What type of movement can be seen in your clavicles at your acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joints by crossing your arms?
This special movement occurs when you stand on your heels.
Which of the following is not a structural category of synovial joint?
In this type of joint, the rounded or pointed surface of one bone articulates with a ring formed partly by another bone and partly by a ligament.
A condyloid joint...
Is also called ellipsoidal, is biaxial, can have flexion--externsion or abduction, and found in the wrist and metacarpophalangeal joints for the second through fifth digits
This refers to the range through which the bones of a joint can be moved
Range of motion
Which of the following is not a factor in affecting range of motion?