50 notecards = 13 pages (4 cards per page)
A condition that produces a reduction in bone mass sufficient to compromise normal function is __________.
Which of the following statements concerning the periosteum of a bone is NOT true?
C. All bone surfaces in the body are covered by
During fetal development, intramembranous ossification takes place in __________.
D. fibrous connective tissue membranes.
Mary is 50 years old. During a checkup, a bone scan reveals that portions of her skeleton show signs of osteoporosis. After reviewing the test results, her physician suggests hormone therapy. What hormone is prescribed for Mary?
The bones of the skeleton store energy reserves as lipids in areas of __________.
A. yellow marrow
The cells that maintain mature compact bone are __________.
The lacunae of bone contain __________.
The process of bone growth at the epiphyseal plate is similar to __________.
E. endochondral ossification
The two types of osseous tissue are __________.
E. compact bone and spongy bone
When the epiphyseal plate is replaced by bone,_____
C. long bones have reached their adult length
Intramembranous ossification __________.
A. begins within a connective tissue membrane
A fracture in the shaft of a bone would occur in the __________.
Growth of a cartilage in which the chondrocytes within the matrix become active and proliferate is known as __________.
D. interstitial growth
Osteocytes maintain contact with the blood vessels of the central canal through __________.
Spongy bone contains all of the following, EXCEPT __________.
B. true osteons
The bones in the long axis of the body make up the __________.
B. axial skeleton
Which of the following is a canal-like passageway?
Which of the following characteristics of skeletal cartilage limits its thickness?
A. It's avascular and receives most of its
The menisci of the knee are made of __________.
Which of the following statements best describes interstitial growth of cartilage?
C. Chondrocytes divide and secrete new matrix from
__________ bones act to alter the direction of tendon pull.
All of the following are stored in the matrix of bones, EXCEPT __________.
C. vitamin D
A narrow, slitlike opening in a bone is referred to as a __________.
Which of the following structures anchors the periosteum to the underlying bone?
C. perforating fibers
Which of the following sites is the site where bone marrow is routinely sampled in an adult?
C. the sternum
Bone-forming cells originate from __________.
D. osteoprogenitor cells
The twisting of a long bone is prevented by which of the following?
D. circumferential lamellae
Hydroxyapatite in bone matrix that gives bone its hardness is primarily composed of __________.
B. calcium and phosphates
Before eight weeks, the skeleton of the human embryo is composed of __________.
A. fibrous membrane.
If a breastfeeding mother becomes vitamin D deficient, what disease is most likely to develop in the nursing infant?
Osteomyelitis is a condition that produces a reduction in bone mass sufficient to compromise normal function.
Collagen in the bone matrix provides flexible strength.
Endochondral ossification begins with the formation of a calcified model.
Excess growth hormone prior to puberty would result in gigantism.
Mature bone cells are called chondrocytes.
Parathyroid hormone stimulates osteoblast activity.
Scapulae are formed by intramembranous ossification.
Secondary ossification centers occur in the center of the diaphysis.
The central canal of an osteon contains osteocytes.
The hormone calcitonin may function to decrease the calcium ion in the blood.
The presence of an epiphyseal line indicates that long bone growth is still in process.
The shaft of the long bone is called the diaphysis.
Vitamin D is necessary for the formation of the organic framework of bone.
Osseous tissue is avascular.
Appositional growth in a skeletal cartilage will increase its overall length.
A metacarpal is an example of a long bone.
An increase in parathyroid hormone can cause bones to become porous and brittle.
Increasing the percentage of collagen in a bone would make it become more rigid.
A bone that is imbedded in a ligament or tendon is a short bone.
Spongy bone in flat bones is called diploë.