95 notecards = 24 pages (4 cards per page)
1) Which is NOT a pathogen?
2) Autoimmune diseases are an example of a(n) ________ response by
the immune system.
3) When the immune system creates a response that is overblown in
relation to the threat it has been exposed to, the response is called
4) Antibiotics are drugs that destroy or inhibit the growth
6) Which of these is matched incorrectly?
7) Lymphoid tissues include
8) The largest lymphoid tissue(s) is/are the
9) Diffuse lymphoid tissue includes
10) Swelling and soreness of the lymph nodes indicate that
11) ________ are clusters of lymphatic nodules located beneath the
epithelial lining of the small intestine.
12) Cells of the mononuclear phagocyte system include
13) Which cell is incorrectly matched with the
14) ________ have been found to be the precursor cells of
15) Which of the following are NOT antigen-presenting cells
16) Leukocytes recognize molecules that are unique to pathogens;
thus, the molecules are
17) Molecules that attract immune cells are known as
18) Which of the following immune cells are also known as Langerhans
19) Lymphocytes and plasma cells
20) C-reactive protein is a type of
21) All of the following are characteristics of acquired immunity
22) Cytokines function by
23) Chemotaxins function in
24) A substance that induces fever is known as a(n)
25) Opsonins function by
26) Acute phase proteins are produced by the
27) The cells responsible for the production of circulating
28) Passive immunity is a type of ________ immunity.
29) The cells responsible for cell-mediated immunity are the
30) Stem cells that will form B lymphocytes are found in the
31) The first line of cellular defense against pathogens are
32) Which of the following acts as the earliest form of defense
against exogenous pathogens in the list?
33) An inflammatory response is triggered when
34) Lymphocytes that attack foreign cells or body cells infected with
35) Cells that help to regulate the immune response are
36) The cells that are actively involved in immunological
surveillance are the
37) Stem cells that will form T lymphocytes are modified in
38) ________ is the immunoglobulin class that comprises 75% of
antibodies in adult blood.
39) Immunoglobulins that are mainly responsible for resistance
against viruses, bacteria, and bacterial toxins are
40) Immunoglobulins that attach to mast cells and are involved in
allergic reactions are
41) Immunoglobulins that are found on the surface of B lymphocytes
and may play a role in regulation of the humoral immune response
42) Immunoglobulins that are the first antibodies to be produced in
response to infection are
43) Immunoglobulins that are primarily found in glandular secretions
44) The specificity of an antibody is determined by
45) In order for a lymphocyte to respond to an antigen, the antigen
46) When an antigen complex is bound to a Class I MHC molecule, it
can stimulate a
47) Class II MHC molecules are found
48) A person's blood type is determined by
49) A person with type A blood has
50) Inappropriate or excessive immune responses to antigens
51) These are the most abundant leukocyte; they are formed in the bone marrow.
52) Cytotoxic, these cells are associated with allergic reactions and parasitic infestations. Usually these cells are less than 3% of the leukocyte population, and only live up to 12 hours.
53) Precursors of macrophages, these cells are relatively rare in blood because they are actually in transit to some other site.
54) These cells are related to mast cells, and both release chemical mediators such as histamine and heparin, which aid in the immune response.
55) Estimated to reach populations of one trillion in normal adults, most of these cells reside in the lymphoid tissues of the body. These cells look quite similar to one another under the microscope, yet function very differently.
56) A patient has elevated eosinophils and monocytes but normal
levels of neutrophils, basophils, and lymphocytes. Which of the
following could be causing those levels?
57) A patient has elevated neutrophils and monocytes with normal
levels of basophils, eosinophils, and lymphocytes. Which of the
following is the most likely cause of these test results?
58) A patient with hay fever symptoms that have been going on for a
couple weeks comes to your office to be treated for his hay fever. If
a white blood cell differential count was performed, which leukocytes
would likely be elevated?
59) present at birth
60) Secreted lysozyme kills bacteria.
61) NK cells cause apoptosis of viral-infected cells.
62) Antibodies in breast milk protect a newborn baby from pathogens.
63) Infected cells are killed by perforin and granzymes.
64) ________ are phagocytic cells that are permanent residents of specific tissues and organs.
65) ________ are fixed macrophages that are found in the central nervous system.
66) ________ are fixed macrophages found in the liver.
67) ________ are fixed macrophages located in the epithelia of the skin.
68) ________ are free phagocytes found in the lungs.
69) The ability of certain cells to mobilize in response to changes in their chemical environment is called ________.
70) Substances that can trigger an immune response are known as ________.
71) ________ are antibodies found in body fluids.
72) The process by which the surface of a microorganism is covered with antibodies and complement, rendering it more likely to be phagocytized, is called ________.
73) ________ cells enable the immune system to respond more quickly if the same antigen is encountered a second time.
74) ________ exists when the immune system does NOT respond to a particular antigen.
75) ________ are mediators released from white blood cells that regulate the activity of B cells and T cells and enhance nonspecific defense.
76) ________ are cytokines that make cells resistant to viruses.
77) ________ are groups of lymphocytes with a specific ligand in common.
78) A sample of tissue from an injury shows a large number of
basophils. This would indicate that the tissue was
79) Meghan thinks she has an abscessed tooth. If she does, what type
of white blood cell would you expect to see in elevated numbers in a
80) Bill wants to determine his blood type, so he takes a few drops
of blood from a puncture wound in his finger and mixes it with various
antisera. His blood cells agglutinate when mixed with the anti-A serum
but not with the anti-B. Therefore this is true:
81) In an experimental situation focused on the development of a new
vaccine, mice were injected with a viral antigen. Their plasma was
removed in order to detect the presence of antibodies. This is an
82) In an experimental situation, a virus is injected into a rabbit
and the rabbit is allowed to make antibodies for the viral antigen.
These antibodies are then removed from the rabbit plasma and injected
into a human to help combat the same viral disease. This is an example
83) A decrease in which population of lymphocytes would impair all
aspects of an immune response?
84) The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes the disease
known as AIDS selectively infects
85) Milly has just received a kidney transplant and is taking
cyclosporin A, a drug that suppresses cytotoxic T cells. What does
this medication do?
86) Leslie has a bad sore throat and the lymph nodes in her neck are
swollen. This indicates
87) Neil accidentally ingests a substance that activates the
complement cascade in the absence of bound antibodies. This substance
88) In a routine examination, some blood is taken and analyzed. The
results show a high IgM level for the mumps antigen. This would
89) A fluid sample contains a large amount of IgA type antibody. This
fluid is probably
90) crosses the placenta
91) present in breast milk
92) physiological role is unclear
93) binds to mast cells, triggering degranulation
94) reacts to blood group antigens
Draw and label a typical antibody molecule. Be sure to include the light chain, heavy chain, Fab, Fc, and the hinge region. Identify the antigen-binding site and disulfide bonds.