54 notecards = 14 pages (4 cards per page)
1) Which part of a plant absorbs most of the water and minerals taken
up from the soil?
2) What is the primary function of stems?
3) When you eat Brussels sprouts, you are eating _____.
4) Some of the largest leaves in the world can be found on plants near the forest floor of dense tropical rain forests. Which of the following precursors for photosynthesis is most likely limited in these large leaves?
5) Leaf thickness represents a trade-off between _____.
6) One important difference between the anatomy of roots and the
anatomy of leaves is that _____.
7) Which of the following was a challenge to the survival of the
first land plants?
8) Trichomes _____.
9) Which structure is correctly paired with its tissue
10) The main source of water necessary for photosynthesis to occur in
the leaf mesophyll is _____.
11) The vascular bundle in the shape of a single central cylinder in
a root is called the _____.
12) Which of the following cell types retains the ability to undergo
13) Which of these is NOT an example of a parenchyma cell?
14) Which of the following have unevenly thickened primary walls that
support young, growing parts of the plant?
15) Which of the following is correctly paired with its structure and
16) Which of the following occurs in vascular land plants but not
17) Which of the following are water-conducting cells that are dead
at functional maturity?
18) Which of the following cells transport sugars over long
19) Plant meristematic cells _____.
20) Which of the following arise, directly or indirectly, from
21) Compared to most animals, the growth of most plant structure is
best described as _____.
22) What is present in a shoot apical meristem region?
23) Shoot elongation in a growing bud is due primarily to
24) Apical meristems of dicots are at the tips of stems. Apical
meristems of grasses are at ground level or slightly below, concealed
by the leaves. The leaves also have an intercalary meristem at their
bases. What does this mean when considering care of a lawn or soccer
25) In a meristematic region, the cell plate during mitosis is
perpendicular to the side of the stem. In what direction will the stem
26) Which of the following cells or tissues arise from lateral
27) Cells produced by lateral meristems are known as _____.
28) Which of the following can be used to determine a twig's
29) A plant that grows one year, dies back, and then grows again the
following year, produces flowers and then dies would be considered
30) Which of the following is the correct sequence of the zones in
the primary growth of a root, moving from the root cap inward?
31) The driving force that pushes the root tip through the soil is
32) Mitotic activity by the apical meristem of a root makes which of
the following more possible?
33) Which of the following root tissues gives rise to lateral
34) As a youngster, you drive a nail in the trunk of a young tree
that is 3 meters tall. The nail is about 1.5 meters from the ground.
Fifteen years later, you return and discover that the tree has grown
to a height of 30 meters. About how many meters above the ground is
35) You find a plant unfamiliar to you and observe that it has
vascular bundles scattered throughout the stem cross section. What do
you conclude about the plant?
36) Monocot vascular bundles do not have a vascular cambium between
the xylem and phloem. This means that monocots _____.
40) Canada thistle is a dicot that spreads via growth from lateral
roots. You want to use a root miner insect for weed control. What
would you need to observe in the underground growth to verify that
this weed spreads via lateral roots and not by underground
41) A student examining leaf cross sections under a microscope finds
many loosely packed cells with relatively thin cell walls. The cells
have numerous chloroplasts. What type of cells are they?
42) The veins of leaves are _____.
45) Increasing the number of stomata per unit surface area of a leaf
when atmospheric carbon dioxide levels decline is most analogous to a
46) Where is primary growth occurring in an old tree?
47) What tissue makes up most of the wood of a tree?
48) A plant has the following characteristics: a taproot system,
several growth rings evident in a cross section of the stem, and a
layer of bark around the outside. Which of the following best
describes the plant?
49) If you were able to walk into an opening cut into the center of a
large redwood tree, when you exited from the middle of the trunk
(stem) outward, you would cross, in order, _____.
50) Heartwood and sapwood consist of _____.
51) Two examples of lateral meristems in plants are _____.
52) Additional vascular tissue produced as secondary growth in a root
originates from which cells?
53) Girdling is a procedure to kill unwanted tress by cutting a
groove into the bark of the tree. The groove must completely encircle
the trunk and should penetrate into the wood to a depth of at least
-inch on small trees, and 1- inches on larger trees. Why does this
procedure cause tree death?
54) Where are the youngest wood and the youngest bark in a tree
55) The polarity of a plant is established when _____.
56) Growth and development of plant parts involves _____.
57) Totipotency is a term used to describe a cell's ability to give
rise to a complete new organism. In plants, this means that
58) Which of the following statements is true?
59) The phase change of an apical meristem from the juvenile to the
mature vegetative phase is often revealed by _____.