50 notecards = 13 pages (4 cards per page)
Self-esteem in children is most positively correlated with ________ parenting.
Formal operational thought is most necessary for the development of ________ morality.
According to Erikson, committing oneself to meaningful social roles would be most indicative of the achievement of:
Marriage bonds are especially likely to endure when members of a couple:
E)engage in more positive than negative interactions with each other.
Autism is a disorder characterized by deficient social interaction and an impaired:
C)theory of mind.
Newborn infants typically prefer their mother's voice over their father's voice because:
C)they become familiar with their mother's voice before they are born.
Which theory emphasizes that immediate gut-level feelings often precede and influence our moral reasoning?
C)Haidt's social intuitionist theory
Women report that their friendships with women are ________ enjoyable and intimate than their friendships with men. Men report that their friendships with men are ________ enjoyable and intimate than their friendships with women.
According to Erikson, later adulthood is to integrity as young adulthood is to:
Children's distress over momentary separation from parents reaches peak levels at around the age of _______ months.
Cognitive development is to ________ as moral development is to ________.
During which stage do children understand the world primarily by observing the effects of their own actions on other people, objects, and events?
Poor memory for early life experiences results from a baby's relative lack of:
Monkeys raised in total isolation have been observed to:
B)become very fearful or aggressive when brought into close contact with other monkeys their age.
A student who does not cheat on tests because he doesn't want to violate classroom rules is in Kohlberg's ________ stage.
Babies who are unable to predict how their parents will react to their cries for care and attention are especially likely to show signs of:
Identical twins typically begin walking on nearly the same day. This best illustrates the importance of _______ to motor skills.
Male self-identity is to ________ as female self-identity is to ________.
C)self-reliance; social connectedness
Stage theories of adult development are most likely to be criticized for exaggerating the:
C)predictability of development.
Dmitri is a typical 6-month-old. When he looks into a mirror he is likely to:
C)reach toward the image as if it were another child.
Nutrients and oxygen are transferred from a mother to her developing fetus through the:
The most immediate and direct function of the rooting reflex is the facilitation of:
Infants' tendency to gaze longer at novel stimuli than at familiar ones provides compelling evidence regarding their:
The importance of schemas was most clearly highlighted by:
B)Piaget's cognitive development theory.
Two closed, pyramid-shaped beakers containing clearly identical amounts of a liquid are suddenly judged by a child to hold different amounts after one of the beakers is inverted. The child apparently lacks a:
B)concept of conservation.
A child's realization that others may have beliefs which the child knows to be false best illustrates the development of:
C)a theory of mind.
The process of imprinting occurs during a brief developmental phase known as:
E)a critical period.
Although 3-year-old Adam happily explores the attractive toys located in the dentist's waiting room, he periodically returns to his mother's side for brief moments. Adam most clearly displays signs of:
“I don't care whether you want to wash the dishes, you will do so because I said so!” This statement is most representative of a(n) ________ parenting style.
Female breasts are to ________ as male testes are to ________.
C)secondary sex characteristics; primary sex characteristics
Mark believes that choosing to violate government laws is morally justifiable if it is done to protect the lives of innocent people. Kohlberg would suggest that this illustrates ________ morality.
Adolescent females spend _______ time alone and _______ time praying than do adolescent males.
A reduction in estrogen levels is most closely associated with:
People differ the most in their learning and memory abilities during:
A researcher who administers a personality test to the same children every 3 years as they progress through school is conducting a(n) ________ study.
For the unborn children of mothers who smoke heavily, nicotine is a(n):
Immediately after birth, infants are able to distinguish between their mothers' and strangers':
Newborns habituate more rapidly to a ________ than to a ________.
A)solid disk; facelike image
After Nadia learned that penguins can't fly, she had to modify her existing concept of birds. This best illustrates the process of:
During Piaget's sensorimotor stage, children acquire a:
C)sense of object permanence.
Deficient social interaction and an impaired understanding of others' states of mind is most characteristic of:
Marissa resents the burden and constraints of caring for her infant daughter and frequently ignores her cries for attention. As a consequence, her daughter is most likely to display signs of:
Many researchers believe that people's styles of romantic love in adulthood reflect their childhood:
Compared to the children with authoritarian parents, the children of authoritative parents are ________ likely to develop a sense of self-reliance and _______ likely to demonstrate a postconventional morality.
Jarrud thinks he should obey his teachers only if they are carefully watching him. Kohlberg would suggest that Jarrud demonstrates a(n) ________ morality.
The sexual abuse of a very young child is so emotionally repulsive to most people that they immediately recognize it as shamefully immoral. This best illustrates that moral judgments may reflect:
The process of developing a sense of identity during adolescence was highlighted by:
A)Erikson's psychosocial development theory.
A series of small strokes that progressively damage an elderly person's brain is most likely to produce:
As adults age, they show the greatest declines in _______ intelligence and in the memory capacities needed to _______ recently presented information.
Research on developmental stability and change indicates that:
A)at the age of 1 or 2, adult personality traits are still largely unpredictable.