Self Assessment 14
What type of meal & time of its ingestion promote the most rapid repletion of glycogen stores after physial activity?
High-carbohydrate meal taken within 15 minutes
What may, in part, account for the reduced risk of gallbladder disease in women who engage in regular physical activity?
Reduction of blood lipids
Which of the following is a characteristic of sports anemia?
It is a temporary condition requiring no treatment
Which of the following is a role for diet in physical activity?
Diets lacking in carbohydrates lead to increased amino acid utilization for fuel
A person engaging in exercise at a moderate level should walk at a speed of one mile per
A person engaged in an endurance event has lost two liters of body water by sweating. What would be the approximate energy loss from the evaporation of the sweat?
For most physically active people, all of the following are valid reasons for consuming sports drinks EXCEPT
they are better than water at preventing sodium depletion.
Physical performance is noticeabley affected when body water loss first reaches
Which of the following is a sure sign that muscles are using their maximum amount of energy from fat?
Breathing is easy
For optimal performance, the athlete's precompetition meal may include all of the following EXCEPT
According to several recognized health organizations, about how many grams of protein per day are recommended for a male, 70kg strength athlete?
During the first 20 minutes of moderate exercise, the body uses about
20% of the available glycogen.
Which of the following best exemplifies an activity that promotes flexiblility?
Which of the following diets promotes superior physical performance in athletes?
What type of chemicals are DHEA & androsterndione?
Which of the following are features of physical activity and exercise?
Exercise, but not physical activity, is thought to be vigorous, structured, and planned
Mary is 15 years old and has just joined her high school swim team. After the first three months of training and comparing, her coach sends the team for mandatory physical examinations and routine blood tests. When Mary got home, she told her mom that she has sports anemia. Why shouldn't Mary begin taking iron supplements as a way to treat this condition?
The anemia is not correctible by extra iron intake
In the average person, the amount of stored glycogen represents how many kcal?
Hyponatremia refers to low blood levels of
Which of the following is NOT derived directly from cardiorespiratory conditioning?
All of the following are features of endurance athletes and sodium EXCEPT
they can easily replace sodium loss by consuming conventional sports drinks during the event.
Which of the following is a benefit of glucose polymer sports drinks as compared with sugar-containing drinks?
They attract less water in the GI tract and thus allow more water to remain in circulation
Which of the following is a characteristic of oxygenated water use in athletes?
The oxygen in the water is without benefit
A tissue deprived of an oxygen supply during exercise would develop an accumulation of
What high-energy compound acts as a reservoir of energy for the maintenance of a steady supply of ATP?
All of the following are categorized as fitness strength activities EXCEPT
Which of the following is a feature of physical activity recommendations?
The same level of effectiveness can be achieved by dividing the activity in shorter sessions throughout the day.
Pat has gained about 20 pounds in the past 5 years and has come to you for help with a diet and exercise regimen. In order to promote optimal fat loss through exercise, in which of the following activities should Pat participate?
Low-to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise like hiking
Which of the following is a characteristic of sodium in athletes?
There is a direct correlation between heat-induced cramps and the amount of sodium lost in the sweat
Which of the following is an effect of exercise on protein metabolism?
Protein synthesis is inhibited during exercise
All of the following are characteristics of heat stroke EXCEPT
it is rarely fatal.
What would be the minimum amount of body water loss necessary to bring about a reduction in work capacity of an average 165-pound individual?
Which of the followingis the most significant rationale for eliminating alcohol intake in athletic performance?
It is not metabolized in muscle
Which of the following is a feature of chromium in physical performance?
Most recent studies on chromium picolinate supplementation show no favorable effects on strength or lean body mass
What is the usual fate of muscle glyogen during exercise?
Utilized as a fuel within the muscle cells only
The first sign of dehydration is typically
Chris has been competing all day in a track competition and is now ready for the 100-meter dash. Although he feels tired, which of the following high-energy muscle compounds can he rely on for quick energy in this event?
If a person's maximum heart rate is 220 beats/min, what is the safe maximum heart rate during vigorous exercise?
For maximum benefits, cardiorespiratory endurance episodes should be sustained for at least
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of caffeine use in physical activity?
It slows depletion of muscle glycogen
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