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Self Assessment 14

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created 5 years ago by jenkarmata
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Nutrition 200 class taken in Spring 2012 @ CAC college

updated 5 years ago by jenkarmata

Grade levels:
College: Second year

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1

What type of meal & time of its ingestion promote the most rapid repletion of glycogen stores after physial activity?

High-carbohydrate meal taken within 15 minutes

2

What may, in part, account for the reduced risk of gallbladder disease in women who engage in regular physical activity?

Reduction of blood lipids

3

Which of the following is a characteristic of sports anemia?

It is a temporary condition requiring no treatment

4

Which of the following is a role for diet in physical activity?

Diets lacking in carbohydrates lead to increased amino acid utilization for fuel

5

A person engaging in exercise at a moderate level should walk at a speed of one mile per

quarter hour.

6

A person engaged in an endurance event has lost two liters of body water by sweating. What would be the approximate energy loss from the evaporation of the sweat?

1200 kcal

7

For most physically active people, all of the following are valid reasons for consuming sports drinks EXCEPT

they are better than water at preventing sodium depletion.

8

Physical performance is noticeabley affected when body water loss first reaches

2%

9

Which of the following is a sure sign that muscles are using their maximum amount of energy from fat?

Breathing is easy

10

For optimal performance, the athlete's precompetition meal may include all of the following EXCEPT

beans.

11

According to several recognized health organizations, about how many grams of protein per day are recommended for a male, 70kg strength athlete?

112

12

During the first 20 minutes of moderate exercise, the body uses about

20% of the available glycogen.

13

Which of the following best exemplifies an activity that promotes flexiblility?

Yoga

14

Which of the following diets promotes superior physical performance in athletes?

High-carbohydrate diet

15

What type of chemicals are DHEA & androsterndione?

Hormones

16

Which of the following are features of physical activity and exercise?

Exercise, but not physical activity, is thought to be vigorous, structured, and planned

17

Mary is 15 years old and has just joined her high school swim team. After the first three months of training and comparing, her coach sends the team for mandatory physical examinations and routine blood tests. When Mary got home, she told her mom that she has sports anemia. Why shouldn't Mary begin taking iron supplements as a way to treat this condition?

The anemia is not correctible by extra iron intake

18

In the average person, the amount of stored glycogen represents how many kcal?

2000

19

Hyponatremia refers to low blood levels of

sodium

20

Which of the following is NOT derived directly from cardiorespiratory conditioning?

Increased flexibility

21

All of the following are features of endurance athletes and sodium EXCEPT

they can easily replace sodium loss by consuming conventional sports drinks during the event.

22

Which of the following is a benefit of glucose polymer sports drinks as compared with sugar-containing drinks?

They attract less water in the GI tract and thus allow more water to remain in circulation

23

Which of the following is a characteristic of oxygenated water use in athletes?

The oxygen in the water is without benefit

24

A tissue deprived of an oxygen supply during exercise would develop an accumulation of

lactate

25

What high-energy compound acts as a reservoir of energy for the maintenance of a steady supply of ATP?

Creatine phosphate

26

All of the following are categorized as fitness strength activities EXCEPT

kickboxing

27

Which of the following is a feature of physical activity recommendations?

The same level of effectiveness can be achieved by dividing the activity in shorter sessions throughout the day.

28

Pat has gained about 20 pounds in the past 5 years and has come to you for help with a diet and exercise regimen. In order to promote optimal fat loss through exercise, in which of the following activities should Pat participate?

Low-to moderate-intensity aerobic exercise like hiking

29

Which of the following is a characteristic of sodium in athletes?

There is a direct correlation between heat-induced cramps and the amount of sodium lost in the sweat

30

Which of the following is an effect of exercise on protein metabolism?

Protein synthesis is inhibited during exercise

31

All of the following are characteristics of heat stroke EXCEPT

it is rarely fatal.

32

What would be the minimum amount of body water loss necessary to bring about a reduction in work capacity of an average 165-pound individual?

1 liters

33

Which of the followingis the most significant rationale for eliminating alcohol intake in athletic performance?

It is not metabolized in muscle

34

Which of the following is a feature of chromium in physical performance?

Most recent studies on chromium picolinate supplementation show no favorable effects on strength or lean body mass

35

What is the usual fate of muscle glyogen during exercise?

Utilized as a fuel within the muscle cells only

36

The first sign of dehydration is typically

fatigue.

37

Chris has been competing all day in a track competition and is now ready for the 100-meter dash. Although he feels tired, which of the following high-energy muscle compounds can he rely on for quick energy in this event?

Creatine phosphate

38

If a person's maximum heart rate is 220 beats/min, what is the safe maximum heart rate during vigorous exercise?

198

39

For maximum benefits, cardiorespiratory endurance episodes should be sustained for at least

20 minutes.

40

Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of caffeine use in physical activity?

It slows depletion of muscle glycogen

41

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