FUNCTIONS OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
STRUCTURES OF THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
FUNCTIONS OF THE PHARYNX
FLOW OF AIR THROUGH THE PHARYNX
STRUCTURE OF THE BRONCHIAL TREE
ALVEOLAR CAPILLARY BEDS
When we breathe, air enters our lungs and fills tiny air sacs called alveoli. Each air sac is surrounded by an extensive capillary bed, which is a network of tiny, thin blood vessels. In order for us to bring in oxygen and release carbon dioxide, the alveoli and capillaries must be properly aligned.
LOBES OF THE LUNG
DALTON'S LAW OF PARTIAL PRESSURES
at a given temperature, amount of a gas in a solution is directly proportional to partial pressure of the gas.
2 TYPES OF GAS EXCHANGE
PULMONARY GAS EXCHANGE
SYSTEMIC GAS EXCHANGE
RESPIRATORY STRUCTURES & BRAINSTEM
MAJOR REGULATORY MECHANISMS OF VENTILATION
ROLE OF DIAPHRAGM
INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME
EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME
FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY
TOTAL LUNG CAPACITY
FORCED EXPIRATORY VITAL CAPACITY
act of cutting into the trachea
inflammation of the pleura
Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but they can also damage other parts of the body. TB spreads through the air when a person with TB of the lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks.
ANTHRACOSIS (BLACK LUNG)
black discoloration of bronchi from carbon pigment that typically causes deformation and obstruction, may be asymptomatic or cause respiratory symptoms (such as cough and labored breathing), and is often associated with the inhalation of coal dust and wood smoke
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung disease characterized by chronic obstruction of lung airflow that interferes with normal breathing and is not fully reversible. The more familiar terms 'chronic bronchitis' and 'emphysema' are no longer used, but are now included within the COPD diagnosis.
a condition in which the air sacs of the lungs are damaged and enlarged, causing breathlessness."smoking can lead to serious lung diseases such as emphysema"
also called the flu, is a common but sometimes serious viral infection of your lungs and airways. It can cause congestion, fever, body aches, and other symptoms
a condition in which you start to breathe very fast
the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in one or both lungs. These abnormal cells do not carry out the functions of normal lung cells and do not develop into healthy lung tissue.
LIST THE WAYS THAT BLOOD GASES ARE TRANSPORTED IN THE HUMAN BODY
MEDULLARY RESPIRATORY CENTER
Sets the basic rhythm of breathing
VENTRAL RESPIRATORY GROUP
DORSAL RESPIRATORY GROUP
primarily responsible for stimulations contraction of the diaphragm
PONTINE RESPIRATORY GROUP
connection with the medullary respiratory center & appears to play a role in switching between inspiration & expiration, thus fine-tuning the breathing pattern