55 notecards = 14 pages (4 cards per page)
1) What type of immunity results from vaccination?
2) What type of immunity results from transfer of antibodies from one individual to a susceptible individual by means of injection?
3) What type of immunity results from recovery from mumps?
4) Which of the following is the best definition of epitope?
E) specific regions on antigens that interact with perforins
5) Newborns' immunity due to the transfer of antibodies across the placenta is an example of
6) Which of the following statements is NOT a possible outcome of antigen-antibody reaction?
7) Which of the following cells is NOT an APC?
8) When an antibody binds to a toxin, the resulting action is referred to as
9) CD4+ T cells are activated by
10) Which of the following recognizes antigens displayed on host cells with MHC II?
11) The specificity of an antibody is due to
12) Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of B cells?
13) Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of cellular immunity?
14) Plasma cells are activated by a(n)
15) The antibodies found in mucus, saliva, and tears are
16) The antibodies found almost entirely and only on the surface of B cells (not secreted from them), and which always exist as monomers, are
17) The antibodies that can bind to large parasites are
18) In addition to IgG, the antibodies that can fix complement are
19) Large antibodies that agglutinate antigens are
20) The most abundant class of antibodies in serum is
21) In Figure 17.1, which letter on the graph indicates the patient's secondary response to a repeated exposure with the identical antigen?
22) In Figure 17.1, which letter on the graph indicates the highest antibody titer during the patient's response to a second and distinct/different antigen?
23) In Figure 17.1, the arrow at time (c) indicates
24) Which of the following statements is FALSE?
25) Which of the following is the best definition of antigen?
26) Which of the following WBCs are NOT lymphocytes?
27) The following events elicit an antibody response. What is the third step?
28) In Figure 17.2, which areas are similar for all IgG antibodies?
29) In Figure 17.2, which areas are different for all IgM antibodies?
30) In Figure 17.2, which areas represent antigen-binding sites?
31) In Figure 17.2, what portion will typically attach to a host cell?
32) Which of the following bacterial components would most likely result in B cell stimulation by T-independent antigens?
33) The presence of which of the following indicates a current infection rather than a previous infection or vaccination?
34) Which of the following destroys virus-infected cells?
35) The following events occur in cellular immunity, leading to a response from TH cells. What is the third step?
36) Cytokines released by TH1 cells
37) Which one of the following causes transmembrane channels in target cells?
38) At a minimum, the human immune system is capable of recognizing approximately how many different antigens?
39) Thymic selection
40) Which of the following statements about natural killer cells is FALSE?
41) An antibody's Fc region can be bound by
42) A Treg cell deficiency could result in
43) ADCC is a process that is most effective in destroying
44) IL-2, produced by TH cells,
45) Which of the following statements about IL-12 is FALSE?
1) Apoptosis results in significant leakage of cellular contents.
2) Cytokines are protein-based chemical messengers that allow for communication between cells of the immune system.
3) Only dendritic cells produce interleukins.
4) The production of interferons at an infection site is critical for chemotaxis.
5) Cytokine storms negatively impact human health.
6) The variable region of the antibody is solely responsible the significant diversity of antigen targets.
7) Plasma cells will eventually differentiate into memory cells.
8) Memory cells do not require B cell receptors
9) The implementation of vaccinations occurred prior to experimental support for the germ theory of disease.
10) When haptens attach to carrier molecules, an epitope forms on hapten which then can be bound to antibody.