54 notecards = 14 pages (4 cards per page)
1) A commensal bacterium
2) Which of the following statements is TRUE?
3) A nosocomial infection is
4) The major significance of Robert Koch's work is that
5) Which of the following is NOT a verified exception in the use of Koch's postulates?
6) Which of the following diseases is NOT spread by droplet infection?
7) Biological transmission differs from mechanical transmission in that biological transmission
8) Which of the following definitions is INCORRECT?
9) Focal infections initially start out as
10) The rise in herd immunity amongst a population can be directly attributed to
11) Koch observed Bacillus anthracis multiplying in the blood of cattle. What is this condition called?
12) Which one of the following does NOT contribute to the incidence of nosocomial infections?
13) Transient microbiota differ from normal microbiota in that transient microbiota
14) Which of the following statements about nosocomial infections is FALSE?
15) One effect of washing regularly with antibacterial agents is the removal of normal microbiota. This can result in
16) Which of the following is NOT a reservoir of infection?
17) Which of the following is NOT a communicable disease?
18) Which of the following is a fomite?
19) Which of the following statements about biological transmission is FALSE?
20) Which of the following definitions is INCORRECT?
21) Symptoms of disease differ from signs of disease in that symptoms
22) The science that deals with when diseases occur and how they are transmitted is called
Figure 14.1 shows the incidence of influenza during a typical year. Which letter on the graph indicates the endemic level?
24) Emergence of infectious diseases can be attributed to all of the following EXCEPT
25) Which of the following pairs is mismatched?
26) Which of the following can contribute to postoperative infections?
In Figure 14.2, when is the prevalence the highest?
28) A cold transmitted by a facial tissue is an example of
29) A researcher has performed a prospective study on a disease. To which specific kind of epidemiological study is this referring?
31) A disease in which the causative agent remains inactive for a time before producing symptoms is referred to as
32) A needlestick is an example of
33) Which of the following is NOT a predisposing factor of disease?
34) In which of the following diseases can gender be considered a viable predisposing factor?
35) In which of the following patterns of disease does the patient experience no signs or symptoms?
During a six-month period, 239 cases of pneumonia occurred in a town of 300 people. A clinical case was defined as fever ≥ 39°C lasting >2 days with three or more symptoms (i.e., chills, sweats, severe headache, cough, aching muscles/joints, fatigue, or feeling ill). A laboratory-confirmed case was defined as a positive result for antibodies against Coxiella burnetii. Before the outbreak, 2000 sheep were kept northwest of the town. Of the 20 sheep tested from the flock, 15 were positive for C. burnetii antibodies. Wind blew from the northwest, and rainfall was 0.5 cm compared with 7 to 10 cm during each of the previous three years.
36) Situation 14.1 is an example of
37) The etiologic agent of the disease in Situation 14.1 is
38) The method of transmission of the disease in Situation 14.1 was
39) Which of the following is NOT an example of microbial antagonism?
40) The yeast Candida albicans does not normally cause disease because of
41) If a prodromal period exists for a certain disease, it should occur prior to
42) Which one of the following is NOT a zoonosis?
43) Pseudomonas bacteria colonized the bile duct of a patient following his liver transplant surgery. This is an example of a
The graph in Figure 14.3 shows the incidence of polio in the United States. The period between 1945 and 1955 indicates a(n)
45) Which of the following statements is FALSE?
1) For a particular disease at a specific time period, morbidity rates should always be equal or greater than mortality rates.
2) Testing the effectiveness of a new drug for anthrax would be best performed as an experimental study.
3) MMWR is a publication by the CDC that reports on only emerging diseases.
4) A researcher only needs to select a cohort group when implementing an analytical epidemiological study
5) Diseases that are referred to as emerging infectious diseases have only been discovered in the past fifty years.
6) Compromised hosts are always suffering from suppressed immune systems.
7) A host is not considered diseased until an infection changes one's state of health.
8) Reservoirs of infections are always animate objects.
9) Urinary tract infections are the most common forms of nosocomial infections.
10) Both normal and transient flora can become opportunistic pathogens.