36 notecards = 9 pages (4 cards per page)
Words or phrases that fill time; things that become annoying or distracting. Ex: "ah", "uhm", "like"
Presents and delivers speech from outline or notes; natural style of delivery
Speech of Recognition
Presented when one or more people are given an award
Honoring someone by naming it after them; or even an athlete dedicating a game to a parent
Origin of a word; helps audience remember a word; Ex: psychology- Study of the mind; defining of a word
The desire for information; commonly used in an informative speech
Speech to Convince
Persuasive speech to convince one to believe or think like the speaker
Speech to Inspire
Given to inspire; used to provoke feeling or emotions
Prevents poor wording; reading something such as a teleprompter; makes the speaker sound better
Creates a clean presentation and puts the audiences attention on the speaker
Creates effective messages that ultimately ties back to research; connects presenter to the audience emotionally; a personal story, or someone else's personal story
Subordinate ideas used to support main idea
Misjudging of an individual by assuming they have characteristics of a certain group or audience
Items of illustration; Ex: pictures, videos, diagrams, and sometimes even people
Repetition of initial sound of words
Highness or lowness of a speakers voice; melody of speaking voice
Smoothness of delivery; flow of your words; absence of voice pauses
Adjusting volume appropriately for the audience or external environment
Engaging the audience on a new level; Ex: "May I have a volunteer"
Portion that gains and maintains attention; relates audience to speaker
Way to transition; lets audience know where you are in your speech
Brake Light Function
Tells the audience you are about to close your speech
Principle of Parallelism
Main points, sub points, and sub- sub points; must use the same grammatical syntactical forms
Principle of Division
If a point is to be divided, it must have at least two subpoints
Principle of Subordination
Allows you to indicate which material is more important and which is less important through indention and symbols
The order of events as they actually occur
Spatial Relation Pattern
If you are given a speech on a different room configurations it's best to use this pattern
Problem Solution Pattern
Tends to be used in persuasive speaking more often than in informative
A theory that suggests our language determines to some extent how we think about and view the world
What is the purpose of a special occasion speech?
To preform a ritual
In a 10 minute speech, how long should you spend explaining a visual aid or present it?
If you are giving a handout what must you do?
Always site your handout
In a persuasive speech what should you not do?
Do not demean the opposing opinion, acknowledge it but respectively try to persuade the other side to believe it your way
Ways to Communicate during a speech
How many words did Martin Luther Kings "I Have a Dream" speech start at
100 words per minute
If an audience member responds to a persuasive message by doing what is socially acceptable he or she is?
Employing a compliance response