64 notecards = 16 pages (4 cards per page)
A localized group of organisms that belong to the same species is
Organisms interact with their environments, exchanging matter and
energy. For example, plant chloroplasts convert the energy of sunlight
The main source of energy for producers in an ecosystem is
Which of the following types of cells utilize deoxyribonucleic acid
(DNA) as their genetic material but do not have their DNA encased
within a nuclear envelope?
To understand the chemical basis of inheritance, we must understand
the molecular structure of DNA. This is an example of the application
of which concept to the study of biology?
Once labor begins in childbirth, contractions increase in intensity
and frequency until delivery. The increasing labor contractions of
childbirth are an example of which type of regulation?
When the body's blood glucose level rises, the pancreas secretes
insulin and, as a result, the blood glucose level declines. When the
blood glucose level is low, the pancreas secretes glucagon and, as a
result, the blood glucose level rises. Such regulation of the blood
glucose level is the result of
Which branch of biology is concerned with the naming and classifying
Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells generally have which of the
following features in common?
Prokaryotes are classified as belonging to two different domains.
What are the domains?
Global warming, as demonstrated by observations such as melting of
glaciers, increasing CO2 levels, and increasing average ambient
temperatures, has already had many effects on living organisms. Which
of the following might best offer a solution to this problem?
A water sample from a hot thermal vent contained a single-celled
organism that had a cell wall but lacked a nucleus. What is its most
A filamentous organism has been isolated from decomposing organic
matter. This organism has a cell wall but no chloroplasts. How would
you classify this organism?
Which of these provides evidence of the common ancestry of all life?
Which of the following is (are) true of natural selection?
Charles Darwin proposed a mechanism for descent with modification
that stated that organisms of a particular species are adapted to
their environment when they possess
Which of these individuals is likely to be most successful in an
In a hypothetical world, every 50 years people over 6 feet tall are
eliminated from the population before they reproduce. Based on your
knowledge of natural selection, you would predict that the average
height of the human population will
Through time, the lineage that led to modern whales shows a change
from four-limbed land animals to aquatic animals with two limbs that
function as flippers. This change is best explained by
What is the major difference between a kingdom and a domain?
Which of the following best describes what occurred after the
publication of Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species?
Why is Darwin considered original in his thinking?
Darwin's finches, collected from the Galápagos Islands, illustrate
which of the following?
Which of the following categories of organisms is least likely to be
What is the major distinguishing characteristic of fungi?
What are archaea?
According to Darwinian theory, which of the following exhibits the
greatest fitness for evolutionary success?
Similarities and differences among/between life-forms over time are
most efficiently recorded by scientists in which field(s) of study?
Why is the theme of evolution considered to be the core theme of
biology by biologists?
The method of scientific inquiry that describes natural structures
and processes as accurately as possible through careful observation
and the analysis of data is known as
Collecting data based on observation is an example of ________;
analyzing this data to reach a conclusion is an example of ________
When applying the process of science, which of these is tested?
A controlled experiment is one in which
Why is it important that an experiment include a control group?
The application of scientific knowledge for some specific purpose is
Which of the following are qualities of any good scientific
When a hypothesis cannot be written in an "If…then" format,
what does this mean?
In presenting data that result from an experiment, a group of
students show that most of their measurements fall on a straight
diagonal line on their graph. However, two of their data points are
"outliers" and fall far to one side of the expected
relationship. What should they do?
Which of the following is the best description of a control for an
Given the cooperativity of science, which of the following is most
likely to result in an investigator being intellectually looked down
upon by other scientists?
Which of these is an example of inductive reasoning?
In a high school laboratory, which of the following constitutes an
Which of the following best describes a model organism?
Why is a scientific topic best discussed by people of varying points
of view, a variety of subdisciplines, and diverse cultures?
The illustration above most probably represents
A) a computer simulation of the structure of a eukaryotic cell.
What do these two plants have in common?
Use the following information to answer questions 47 - 50.
The students decide that for one of their experiments, they want to
see whether the organisms can photosynthesize. Which of the following
is the best hypothesis?
For their second experiment, the students want to know whether the
Dinobryon have to live in colonies or can be free living. How might
The students plan to gather data from the project. Which of the
following would be the best way to present what they gather from
experimental groups as opposed to controls?
The following is a list of biology themes discussed in Chapter 1. Use
them to answer questions 51 - 54.
Which theme(s) is/are best illustrated by a group of investigators
who are trying to classify and explain the ecology of an area known as
the Big Thicket?
Which theme(s) is/are illustrated when a group of students is trying
to establish which phase of cell division in root tips happens most
Which theme(s) is/are illustrated when a biology class is comparing
the rates of photosynthesis between leaves of a flowering plant
species (Gerbera jamesonii) and a species of fern (Polypodium
Questions 55 - 64 are from the end-of-chapter "Test Your
Understanding" section in Chapter 1 of the textbook.
Which of the following is a correct sequence of levels in life's
hierarchy, proceeding downward from an individual animal?
Which of the following is not an observation or inference on which
Darwin's theory of natural selection is based?
Systems biology is mainly an attempt to
Protists and bacteria are grouped into different domains because
Which of the following best demonstrates the unity among all
A controlled experiment is one that
Which of the following statements best distinguishes hypotheses from
theories in science?
Which of the following is an example of qualitative data?
Which of the following best describes the logic of scientific