58 notecards = 15 pages (4 cards per page)
Which one of the following microorganisms has its own kingdom in the
five-kingdom of classification?
All of the following are considered eukaryotes except:
Classification is necessary to ______.
All of the above
Binomial nomenclature was originated by ______.
In the name Escherichia coli, Escherichia refers to the ________ of
Which of the following organisms shows the proper use of binomial nomenclature?
The correct order of taxonomic hierarchies (from most broad to most
specific) is _____.
phylum, class, order, family
A strain is a subgroup of a _____.
A tool used by biologist that involves asking a series of
"either-or" questions which eventually leads to the
identification of an organism is a/an _____.
Organisms are generally classified according to _____.
Which of the following is a reason that bacteria cannot be classified
in the same way as animals?
Bacteria do not reproduce sexually.
Which of the following characteristics is not found in all cellular
Ability to convert light energy to chemical energy
The Kingdom Monera was also known as the Kingdom _____.
Bacteria found in extreme environments (e.g., high heat, very high
salt concentration) would best be described as a member of the _____.
The three-domain system of classification does not include the _____.
According to the three-domain classification system an organism with
a cell wall made of peptidoglycan would belong to the _____.
Viruses are not assigned to any Kingdom because _____.
viruses are not cellular life forms
If an organism contains 13% adenine in its DNA, its GC content is _____.
Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis is used to separate _____.
proteins by size
Viruses have some of the properties of cellular life forms. Which of
the following is a characteristic of all organisms except
presence of a plasma membrane
Viruses are referred to as obligate intracellular parasites
they must use the host's machinery to synthesize components required for assembly into new virus particles
Which of the following structures do viruses use to attach themselves
and enter the host cells?
Some viruses have a lipid bilayer, also known as the viral envelope.
The viral envelope is most likely to come from the following
host cell plasma membrane
A naked virus:
has no envelope
A minus (antisense) strand virus might synthesize proteins within a
host cell through the following synthesis pathway:
minus strand RNA plus strand RNA protein
DNA viruses are grouped into families based on the following
presence of a capsid
You have isolated an unknown virus. It is a double-stranded DNA virus
and does not have an envelope. To which virus family does it mostly
All of the following viruses may stay inside of a cell for many years
and remain inactive except:
A latent viral infection is an infection in which:
viral replication has stopped but may resume years or decades later upon reactivation
Reactivation of chickenpox long after the initial infection leads
Which is the best scientific explanation for the increasing concern
over the recent outbreaks of avian influenza in Hong Kong and other
human influenza viruses may exchange genetic material with avian influenza viruses and infect humans more efficiently.
Which of the following represents the correct order of steps in a
typical virus replication cycle?
adsorption penetration synthesis maturation release
What would be a reasonable number of new phages to expect from one
round of viral replication in one cell?
areas where bacterial cells have been lysed
A lysogenic phage which enters a lytic cycle is said to have
Cells taken directly from an animal and cultured in vitro
primary cell cultures
A prion is composed of:
The most conclusive evidence that viruses cause cancers is provided
development of a cancer following an injection of viruses
An organism that lives at the expense of another organism is a
Parasites which live within the bodies of other organisms are
classified as _____.
A mosquito that lives on a host and is itself infected with the
protozoa responsible for malaria is an example of:
Parasites having both male and female reproductive organs are known
Many protists have shells of calcium carbonate called _____.
Which of the following is not an example of a plantlike
Water molds and slime molds have characteristics typical of
fungi and animals
Protozoa are almost always:
The major characteristic used to divide protozoans into four major
groups is _____.
type of motility
Malaria is a result of infection by a/an _____.
The proper order of development of Plasmodium from the time of
infection to the parasitization of red blood cells is:
sporozoite merozoite trophozoite
Which of the following statements about protists is true?
All protists are eukaryotic
A typical fungus consists of a mass called a ________ made up of many
threadlike structures called ________ .
Cells walls in fungi are often made of _____.
Fungi are never _____.
Fungi can be differentiated from plants by the fact that:
fungi cannot photosynthesize, plants can photosynthesize
Fungi with no known sexual stage (in their life cycle) are assigned
to the phylum _____.
One major difference between flatworms and roundworms is that
roundworms have a pseudocoelom
Undercooked pork is most likely to pass along _____.
Arthropods are responsible for transmitting ________
viral, bacterial and protozoan