33 notecards = 9 pages (4 cards per page)
Compares two things using "like" or "as"
Says that one thing IS something else
When the first sound of two or more words is the same.
When the text refers to another person, place, text.
The repetition of internal vowel sounds.
An expression that has been overused, but now everyone knows what it
The feeling that goes with the word (not what the word actually
The use of three full stops (...) to show something has been omitted
(left out) or that time has passed.
Words that give us a "gut feeling" like love, hate, or terrorist.
Exaggeration, often used as humour, for effect.
To put things side by side (sometimes they don't look like they
To create a new word.
Words that sound like what they mean.
Two words that don't "go" together (contradictory words),
put together to give a new meaning.
First Person Point of View (POV)
Characterised by the use of "I," "me,"
2nd Person POV
Characterised by "you."
3rd Person POV
Characterised by "he" or "she." Can be omnipotent
Playful device where words with different meanings are used (or one
word with several meanings).
Words that have SIMILAR (but not always the same - remember
Words that have opposite meanings.
The main idea. Be very careful when considering this; it is not one of the examples IN the text, but the overall view of the text itself.
The overall "feeling" of the piece, based on the word choice. Is he serious? Comic? Ironic?
Slang that is particular to a location.
Casual, informal language. Often linked to young people, or a
A command, often seen in advertising.
The use of words/phrases more than once (on purpose, not because they
can't think of a synonym).
Similar to slang, except this language is used within a specialist
Used to make less-nice concepts acceptable to certain audiences.
Using several items in a row, often in the same form (like -ing words
in this sample).
A short, purposeful sentence without a subject, or without a verb.
Often the missing bit is unspoken, but understood.
the omission of a sound or syllable when speaking (as in I'm, let's )."the shortening of words by elision"
the process of joining together or merging things, especially abstract ideas. "unease at the elision of so many vital questions"
A good way for poets to set metre. Also used for dialects in dialogue, as well as setting the tone of casual conversation.
Deliberate use of understatement. Very common in NZ culture.