59 notecards = 15 pages (4 cards per page)
Root hairs, which absorb the water and minerals in the majority of plants, are the extensions of root
Palisade parenchyma, a ground tissue, performs which of the following functions?
Which of the following is derived from the ground tissue system?
Adventitious roots in monocots are very helpful in coastal ecosystems to reduce
An association between the roots of a terrestrial plant with soil fungus is referred as
Storage roots, stems, and leaves are some of the evolutionary adaptations of plants. Which of the following are listed in the order of modified root, stem, and leaf?
Guard cells of stomata in leaves of plants are modified
Which tissue is responsible for the recovery and rapid growth of damaged leaves of grass grazed by sheep in a pasture?
The outermost layer of the vascular cylinder of a root is called the
Mesophyll in leaves is located between the
The role of genes and their activation and inactivation during cell differentiation is based on
Secondary growth in eudicot stems and roots is caused by
Which of the following environmental factors plays a critical role in plant photosynthesis?
Which tissue is the innermost layer of the cortex in roots?
Which of the following tissues played a very critical role in the process of evolution to produce the great biodiversity of flowering plant species?
The strength and hardness of wood are due to
Mature cork cells deposit a waxy substance called ________ in cell walls.
The vascular cambium is ________ and produces secondary vascular tissue.
Which part of a plant absorbs most of the water and minerals taken up from the soil?
Which cells are no longer capable of carrying out the process of DNA transcription?
________ is to xylem as ________ is to phloem.
Which of the following tissue types transport water and minerals over long distances in angiosperms?
Which of the following have unevenly thickened primary walls that support young, growing parts of the plant and provide flexibility?
Which of the following are most responsible for supporting mature, nongrowing parts of the plant?
The vascular bundle in the shape of a single central cylinder in a root is called the
One important difference between the anatomy of roots and the anatomy of leaves is that
A student examining leaf cross sections under a microscope finds many loosely packed cells with relatively thin cell walls. The cells have numerous chloroplasts. What type of cells are they?
Which of the following cell types retains the ability to undergo cell division?
A plant has the following characteristics: a taproot system, several growth rings evident in a cross section of the stem, and a layer of bark around the outside. Which of the following best describes the plant?
Compared to most animals, the growth of most plants is best described as
Lateral meristems produce
Plants contain meristems whose major function is to
Which of the following statements about growth in plants is true?
Additional vascular tissue produced as secondary growth in a root originates from which cells?
Lateral meristem activity results in production of
Which of the following is a true statement?
Gas exchange, which is necessary for photosynthesis, can occur most easily in which leaf tissue?
CO2 enters the inner spaces of the leaf through the
The driving force that pushes the root tip through the soil is primarily
The shoot elongation in a growing bud is due to
The following question is based on parts of a growing primary root.
III. zone of cell division
Which of the following is the correct sequence from the growing tips of the root upward?
Which of the following root tissues gives rise to lateral roots?
Pores on the leaf surface that function in gas exchange are called
A person working with plants may increase the lateral branches by which of the following?
The dominant type of tissue that makes up most of the wood of a tree is
If you were able to walk into an opening cut into the center of a large redwood tree, when you exit from the middle of the trunk (stem) outward, you would cross, in order,
Which of the following statements about the cells shown in the photograph in Figure 28.1 is true?
The characteristic feature of typical parenchyma tissue is
A monocot stem is represented by
A plant that is at least 3 years old is represented by
A typical eudicot root is represented by
Suppose George Washington completely removed the bark from around the base of a cherry tree but was stopped by his father before cutting the tree down. The leaves retained their normal appearance for several weeks, but the tree eventually died. The tissue(s) that George left functional was/were the
As a youngster, you drive a nail in the trunk of a young tree that is 3 meters tall. The nail is about 1.5 meters from the ground. Fifteen years later, you return and discover that the tree has grown to a height of 30 meters. About how many meters above the ground is the nail?
Most of the growth of a plant body is the result of
The innermost layer of the root cortex is the
Heartwood and sapwood consist of
Which of the following arise, directly or indirectly, from meristematic activity?
Which of the following would not be seen in a cross section through the woody part of a root?