6 notecards = 2 pages (4 cards per page)
Identify the risk factors for development of open/closed angle glaucoma.
Closed- Risk factors- over 40, family history, steroid use (PREDNISONE), AA, winter time, HTN, obesity, lack of exercise, IOP peaks in AM
Understand the differences in history, presentation, pathophysiology, and treatments for closed angle glaucoma
1. H&P- sudden onset of eye pain, decreased vision, halos around lights, headache, nausea/vomiting
Understand the differences in history, presentation, pathophysiology, and treatments for open angle glaucoma
1. H&P-Most common type of glaucoma. Optic nerve atrophy (cupping) AND visual field loss resulting from IOP that is too high for a particular nerve. Predisposing family history, steroid use, surgeries, race, hypertension, myopia.
Discuss screening/diagnostic tests for glaucoma.
-check IOP with tonometer/tonopen
Identify predisposing factors for the development of cataracts.
Risk factors- include age, smoking, EtOH, Diabetes Mellitus, systemic corticosteroid use (WILL get cataract if use prednisone). Atopic Dermatitis, trauma (concussion, penetration, ionizing radiation, shock, lightning). Neonates- intrauterine infections or metabolic disorders
Know the history, presentation, exam findings, special test, and treatments for cataracts.
1. H&P- Protein of the lens discolors and clouds the lens with age. Can be congenital. Several different types including from trauma.