64 notecards = 16 pages (4 cards per page)
One major advantage of using Arabidopsis thaliana as a model system
for studies of plant form and function is its
Which of the following is derived from the ground tissue system?
Which of the following have unevenly thickened primary walls that
support young, growing parts of the plant?
Which cells are no longer capable of carrying out the process of DNA
All of the following cell types are correctly matched with their
Additional vascular tissue produced as secondary growth in a root
originates from which cells?
As a youngster, you drive a nail in the trunk of a young tree that is
3 meters tall. The nail is about 1.5 meters from the ground. Fifteen
years later, you return and discover that the tree has grown to a
height of 30 meters. About how many meters above the ground is the
What tissue makes up most of the wood of a tree?
The following question are based on the drawing of root or stem cross
sections shown in Figure 35.2.
A monocot stem is represented by
A plant that is at least 3 years old is represented by
Which of the following would be least likely to affect osmosis in
A water molecule could move all the way through a plant from soil to
root to leaf to air and pass through a living cell only once. This
living cell would be a part of which structure?
What drives the flow of water through the xylem?
Phloem transport is described as being from source to sink. Which of
the following would most accurately complete this statement about
phloem transport as applied to most plants in the late spring?
Which structure or compartment is part of the symplast?
In plant roots, the Casparian strip is correctly described by which
of the following?
Which of the following is responsible for the cohesion of water
Cells produced by lateral meristems are known as
A) secondary tissues
C) dermal and ground tissue
D) shoots and roots
Photosynthesis ceases when leaves wilt, mainly because
All of the following normally enter the plant through the roots
Which of the following plant structures shares the most common
features and functions with a fungal hyphae?
Most of the water taken up by a plant is
A soil well suited for the growth of most plants would have all of
the following properties except
Which of the following statements is false about bulk flow?
A) It depends on the force of gravity on a column of water
B) It is driven primarily by pressure potential
C) It is more effective than diffusion over distances greater than 100mm
D) It depends on a difference in pressure potential at the source and sink
A person working with plants may reduce the inhibition of apical
dominance by auxin via which of the following?
Which of the following soil minerals is most likely leached away
during a hard rain?
A farming commitment that embraces a variety of methods that are
conservation-minded, environmentally safe, and profitable is called
Which of the following would be the most effective strategy to remove
toxic heavy metals from a soil?
The bulk of a plant's dry weight is derived from
Nitrogen fixation is a process that
If a plant is infected with nitrogen-fixing bacteria, what is the
most probable effect on the plant?
An example of a mutualistic association between a plant and a fungus
Some of the problems associated with intensive irrigation include all
Which of the following is the correct sequence during the alternation
of generations life cycle in a flowering plant?
Which of the following are true of most angiosperms?
The ovary is most often located on/in the
Microsporangia in flowering plants are located in the
Which of the following is the correct order of floral organs from the
outside to the inside of a complete flower?
Which of the following types of plants are incapable of
All of the following are primary functions of flowers except
Which of the following statements regarding flowering plants is
Which of the following "vegetables" is botanically a fruit?
Fruits develop from
Which of the following is a successful example of the commercial use
of transgenic crops?
Double fertilization means that
A small flower with green petals is most likely
What is the first step in the germination of a seed?
Which of the following could be considered an evolutionary advantage
of asexual reproduction in plants?
Charles and Francis Darwin concluded from their experiments on
phototropism by grass seedlings that the part of the seedling that
detects the direction of light is the
Why do coleoptiles grow toward light?
The detector of light during de-etiolation (greening) of a tomato
plant is (are)
The ripening of fruit and the dropping of leaves and fruit are
principally controlled by
Which of the following hormones is commonly used as an herbicide, such as 2, 4-D?
D) abscisic acid
If a farmer wanted more loosely packed clusters of grapes, he would
most likely spray the immature bunches with
The hormone that helps plants respond to drought is
If you were shipping green bananas to a supermarket thousands of
miles away, which of the following chemicals would you want to
eliminate from the plants' environment?
The synthesis of which of the following hormones would be a logical
first choice in an attempt to produce normal growth in mutant dwarf
A short-day plant will flower only when
The initial response of the root cells of a tomato plant watered with
seawater would be to
The results of this experiment, shown on the left of the graph (area
A), may be used to
If you wanted to genetically engineer a plant to be more resistant to
drought, increasing amounts of which of the following hormones might
be a good first attempt?
Seed packets give a recommended planting depth for the enclosed
seeds. The most likely reason some seeds are to be covered with only
1/4 inch of soil is that the