66 notecards = 17 pages (4 cards per page)
The most common form of political participation is:
voting in elections
well educated, high incomes, strong party identification, and strong interest in politics
U.S. voter registration is:
mainly an individuals responsibility
In order to vote in Texas, you must be:
18 or older, a U.S. citizen, a Texas resident, be registered to vote 30 days before the election
What must you take with you to the polls?
Either a U.S. or Texas endorsed photo ID or a state issued election certificate
The 13th amendment
The proportion of Americans who actually vote:
A state that could vote democrat or republican:
A state that traditionally votes one way, democrat or republican:
An election held by a political party to nominate its candidates:
An election rule in which a candidate with the most votes wins regardless of whether it is a majority:
An election process where voters choose which candidate will actually take office:
A ballot used in general elections where the names of the parties' candidates are randomly listed under each office:
office block ballot
A candidate must receive more than 50% of the vote to win;
A ballot used in general elections where all of the candidates from each party are listed in parallel columns under the party label:
party column ballot
May only exercise those powers granted to them:
a general law city
An election method that empowers citizens to place a proposal on the ballot for voter approval:
A system in which candidates run without party labels:
Powers that are held by the state of Texas:
initiatives and referendums
The majority of Texas cities are general law cities: ( about 75%)
Municipal elections in Texas are:
Texas has ___ counties.
Laws that restrict the number of times a member can be reelected:
A home rule city has more than ___ people.
The most important source of revenue for municipalities;
An election that permits voters to approve or repeal an existing law. It repeals already passed laws. (not at state level)
The purpose of the primary:
is to decide who will be the Democratic and Republican nominees for president
Democratic members of congress, democratic governors, or distinguished party leaders (such as former presidents or vice presidents) who are free to support any candidate for the nomination:
The 2015 Texas legislative session passed a bill permitting:
concealed weapons on campus
Texas declared its independence and formed the Republic of Texas:
March 2, 1836
A group of people who come together to win elections, control the government, and determine public policy:
A political system characterized by two dominate parties (usually democrats and republicans):
Compromise principles to appeal successfully to a majority of voters and gain public office (meet me in the middle):
Issues on which all of the public agree:
Issues on which the public is divided:
Where political party organizations operate on separate levels (National-presidential, state-governor, local-city/county, precinct-neighborhood)
Republican John Tower elected to the U.S. Senate.
Bill Clements elected governor: the state's first republican governor in 104 years.
Republicans hold both U.S. Senate seats.
Republicans win every statewide election.
The transition from one dominate party system to another:
a person’s attachment to one political party or the other.
Individualism and Traditionalism make Texas a Conservative state
Limited government (less economic regulations & taxation).
Support government involvement and funding to promote business (government aids will encourage economic development).
Against welfare, health-care aid, or unemployment compensation.
Traditional American values and a strong national defense.
Support big government BUT ONLY to keep the dominant social and religious values.
Favor capital punishment.
Empowerment of the individual to solve problems.
Support government action to regulate the economy, protect human rights and achieve equality for all. For example, every American has a right to affordable health care.
Support social welfare programs, and unemployment and health insurance.
It is fair to tax people who have the ability to pay and to provide social services for the community.
The need for the government to solve problems.
When increasing numbers of voters choose not to identify with either of the two parties and consider themselves to be independents.
A phenomenon that occurs when a group grows large enough to change the political balance in the electorate.
Voters who are not bound by party identification and who support candidates of different parties in different election years.
Consists of all the candidates who have won elections and now hold public office (governor and members of the Texas legislature).
The party in government
Primaries and conventions that function briefly to nominate candidates, pass resolutions, adopt a party platform, and select delegates to party conventions at higher levels.
Temporary party organization
A document stating the aims and principles of a political party.
The lowest level of political party organization
Any citizen who voted in primary can attend
Attendance is very low
To adopt resolutions and name delegates to the county convention.
To elect delegates for the state convention.
Delegates vote on adoption of resolutions to be considered at the state convention.
county and district conventions
Approve party members nominated in primaries
Draft and approve party platform
Select 62 members to the state executive committee
Permanent party organization in Texas:
the precinct chairs, county and district executive committees, state executive committees
Organizations of people who strive to influence public policy.
In 2003, Texas voters approved a referendum that amended the state's constitution to allow legislative caps on pain and suffering damages, known also as:
Different types of interest groups:
economic - business, labor, agriculture
non-economic - patriotic, public interest, religious
mixed groups - education, race and gender
Efforts to limit liability in civil cases (bad for business):
The direct contacting of public officials for the purpose of influencing decision makers:
Answers questions, and provides information needed for making a decision.
Persuades a decision maker that the group’s goals have broad-based public support.
tools of pursuasion
The national NAACP won ____ , a profoundly important national case in which segregated public schools were declared unconstitutional.
Brown v. Board of Education
Many different interests compete to control government policy, and that their conflicting interests can balance out each other to provide good government. In other words, interest groups will win some battles and lose others; and that no group will win or lose all the time.
The fact that there are many interest groups is meaningless because not all groups have the same power.
Major power is held by the largest corporations (concentration of power in a few hands).
Top 5 biggest lobbying teams in Texas;
AT&T, Energy Future Holdings Corp., Luminant Holding Co. LLC., Texas medical Assoc., TXU Energy Retail Co. LLC.