17 notecards = 5 pages (4 cards per page)
What is meant by a right, natural right, and state of nature?
Right: confers upon its holder a kind of moral privilege to protect, utilize and have control over.
What are Lockes 4 basic natural rights?
1. The right to life
Explain Lockes right to property.
ones rights or property include EVERYTHING one should be able to exercise control within domain of autonomy.
Fundamental and derived natural rights
rights based vs. principle based natural theory
rights based: treats rights as fundamental moral values from which all other moral principles and values are derived
inalienable and alienable natural rights, with positve and negative rights
inalienable: is a right that cannot morally speacking be given up or transferred to another ie. right to liberty
Are Lockes four rights positive or negative rights?
Types of human rights?
Natural, civil, and manifesto
Civil rights vs. Natural rights
Civil: claims are you have by being in a society
Manifesto Rights, and why do some say they are not rights?
Rights that are meant to emphasize the moral importance of pressing human needs and concerns.
Explain the rights and incompleteness concern with rights
notion of rights has been taken beyond what can actually be justified.
Explain the rights holder problem
problem is directly tied to the basis upon which we build the concept of rights
What is a virtue vs. a vice?
vice: specific character trait, like dishonesty and selfishness, oppisite of virtues.
What is virtue ethics?
the right thing to do is what a virtues character will do. Specific character trait.
Virtue ethics vs. ethical theories
hand out of virtue ethics
What are the 4 Critiques of Principle based Ethics?
1. Principle Based Ethics are Incomplete
What is meant by virtue ethics emphasizing the primacy of character, character motivation and there being many right choices
primacy of character says that our primary moral resp. is to develop a virtuous personal character full of virtues.