39 notecards = 10 pages (4 cards per page)
The glomerular capillaries differ from other capillary networks in the body because they
B. Are derived from and drain into arterioles
Glucose is not normally found in the urine because it
C. Is reabsorbed by the tubule cells
Filtration of the glomerulus is located within
A. Renal Corpuscle
Filtration at the glomerulus is inversely related to
B. Capsular Hydrostatic Pressure
The majority of nephrons are located in the
The presence of ADH causes an individual to excrete..
B. Less water
The higher the plasma concentration of aldosterone, the more efficiently the kidney..
A. Will conserve Na+
Which of the following materials would not be filtered from the blood at the glomerulus?
B. Large Proteins
The sympathetic activation of the nerve fibers in the nephron causes
D. Both A and B
When ADH rises the amount of water reabsorbed decreases
The control of blood pH by kidneys during acidosis involves the secretion of H+ ion and reabsorption of Co3H- from the tubular fluid
When osmotic concentration increases in ECF, such as eating salty food, osmoreceptors in hypothalamus secrete
The most common problems with electrolyte balance are caused by imbalance of
D. Sodium Ion
The higher the plasma concentration of aldosterone, the more efficiently the kidney will conserve sodium ion
Which of the following accelerate reabsorption of sodium in the DCT
Damage to the renal medulla would interfere first with the functioning of the..
C. Collecting Ducts
Which is reabsorbed by the proximal convoluted tubule cells?
E. All of these
Kidneys control blood pH by excreting..
The distal convoluted tubule is an important site for
D. All of these
Which is not part of the urinary system?
Which hormone is produced in the kidneys
D. Both A and B
Proximal convoluted tubule are composed of simple squamous cells
Descending Segment of Loop of Henle is permeable to sodium ions
The filtration membrane in glomerulus is significantly more permeable than other capillaries
pH of the urine is normally slightly acidic pH 6
Specific gravity of urine ranges from 11.001 to 12.035
Which of these substances is not filtered in renal corpuscle
B. Large Proteins and RBC
Sodium reabsorption is almost always by active transport
Stimulation of sympathetic nervous system causes constriction of renal blood vessels and Glomerular Filtration Rate will be reduced
Changes in GFR normally result from changes in glomerular blood pressure
The glomerulus and its Bowman's capsule are collectively called Renal Glomerulus
In normal people, glucose is reabsorbed by the distal convoluted tubule cells
The urethra carries the urine from the kidneys to the bladder
Pigments in beets are not normally found in the urine because it..
A. Does not pass through the walls of the glomerulus
Urine collection occurs in what area of the kidney
The lowest blood concentration of nitrogenous waste occurs in the
D. Renal Vein
If a freshly voided urine sample contains excessive amounts of urochrome, it has
C. a dark yellow color
Conditions such as diabetes mellitus and starvation is closely linked to
Which of the following is true about ADH?
B. It is secreted in response to an increase in extracellular fluid osmolality