56 notecards = 14 pages (4 cards per page)
Which of the pancreatic enzyme is responsible for hydrolysis of proteins?
The various hydrolytic enzymes are highly specific in their action
The enzyme amylase breaks down the starch into..
In your experiment for protein digestion you used BAPNA, the color of media changed to..
Pancreatin can digest which of the following nutrient?
E. All of them
What is an enzyme?
A protein that acts as a biological catalyst to speed up a chemical reaction
Trypsin hydrolyses protein to..
What is the importance of Krebs Cycle?
It is a source of building materials for anabolic reactions
How many ATP is produced from catabolism of one molecule of glucose?
Electron Chain Transport (ETC) happens where?
Glycolysis and Fermentation happens where?
What is the true function of molecular oxygen acquired by the lungs?
C. O2 serves as the final electron acceptor for the oxidation of food molecules
Which of the following nutrients can enter the Krebs Cycle?
C. Pyruvic Acid
The process whereby excess glucose is stored in cells is called...
For a marathon runner, what benefit is there to eating a diet of 75% carbohydrates and reducing the workout for 3 to 4 days before competition?
C. The muscle cells will store higher than normal levels of glycogen
Why isn't it sufficient to reduce only dietary fat intake to prevent new fatty deposits from forming in the body?
B. Acetyl CoA, an intermediate in glucose metabolism, is also starting point for fatty acid synthesis
What is the primary process by which insulin is released after ingesting a meal?
A. Insulin is secreted in direct response to blood glucose.
What is the primary objective during the post absorptive state?
C. To maintain blood glucose at around 70-110 mg/100ml blood
Where are the two primary sources of glucose reserve during the post absorptive state?
C. Liver and Skeletal Muscle
Hyperglycemic hormones include glucagon and...
The major metabolic function for most vitamins is that they assist enzymes by serving as...
Why are high density lipoproteins (HDLs) considered "good"?
A. The cholesterol transported by HDLs is destined for destruction.
The majority of the for we ingest is ultimately..
C. Used to synthesize ATP
Which nutrient the body cannot synthesize rapidly enough to be useful
It is possible for vegetarians to obtain complete proteins by combining..
C. Legumes and Cereal Grains
In general metabolic terms, food digestions is a form of ________, while building new molecules is a form of _____
D. Catabolism; Anabolism
Which indicator did you use to test for the presence of starch?
Which indicator did you use to test for the presence of reducing sugar such as glucose?
B. Benedict's Solution
The process that produces over 90% of the ATP used by our cells is
C. Electron Transport Chain
Glucagon stimulates Glycogenolysis and Gluconeogenesis
Gluconeogenesis protects against damaging effects of hypoglycemia
Breakdown of one molecule glucose gains how many ATP from Kreb's cycle
A complete set of Amino Acids is necessary for protein synthesis
The sequence of reactions responsible for the breakdown of fatty acid molecules is
Which of the following reactions would liberate the most energy?
A. Conversion of a molecule of sucrose to CO2 and H2O
The formation of glucose from non carbohydrate molecules such as fats and proteins is
The net gain of ATP from the complete metabolism (aerobic) of glucose is closest to
During aerobic respiration, electrons are passed down the electron transport chain, What is finally formed at the end of Electron Transport Chain besides ATP
Metabolic rate is relatively lower in...
C. Old Age
Which of the following is NOT a function of the liver?
D. Synthesis of Glucagons
Amino Acids are essential to the body on all of the following except..
D. As a source of quick energy
A person has been on hunger strike for seven days. Compared to normal days he has:
A. Increased release of fatty acids from fats and might develop ketosis
When dietary protein is in excess, amino acids are oxidized for energy or may be converted into fat or storage
Which of the following yields the greatest caloric value per gram?
Which of the following can be used to elevate the good glucose?
D. Both A and B
Glucagon release is stimulated by which of the following?
D. Both A and B
Which of the following is a type of lipoprotein
E. All of these
The breakdown of glucose to Pyruvic Acid is a _____ process
HDLs transport excess cholesterol from peripheral tissues to the live to be broken down and secreted into bile
The formation of glucose from glycogen
Which of the following best defines cellular respiration?
D. Oxidation of substances by which energy is released in usable form to the cells
Transamination is a chemical process by which..
B. An amine group is transferred from an amino acid to a keto acid
Three days after the removal of the pancreas from an animal, the researcher finds a persistent increase in
D. All of the above